This document defines a set of ECMAScript APIs in WebIDL to allow media to be sent to and received from another browser or device implementing the appropriate set of real-time protocols. This specification is being developed in conjunction with a protocol specification developed by the IETF RTCWEB group and an API specification to get access to local media devices developed by the Media Capture Task Force.

The API is based on preliminary work done in the WHATWG.

While the specification is feature complete and is expected to be stable, there are also a number of known substantive issues on the specification that will be addressed during the Candidate Recommendation period based on implementation experience feedback.

It might also evolve based on feedback gathered as its associated test suite evolves. This test suite will be used to build an implementation report of the API.

To go into Proposed Recommendation status, the group expects to demonstrate implementation of each feature in at least two deployed browsers, and at least one implementation of each optional feature. Mandatory feature with only one implementation may be marked as optional in a revised Candidate Recommendation where applicable.

The following features are marked as at risk:

Introduction

There are a number of facets to peer-to-peer communications and video-conferencing in HTML covered by this specification:

This document defines the APIs used for these features. This specification is being developed in conjunction with a protocol specification developed by the IETF RTCWEB group and an API specification to get access to local media devices [[!GETUSERMEDIA]] developed by the Media Capture Task Force. An overview of the system can be found in [[RTCWEB-OVERVIEW]] and [[RTCWEB-SECURITY]].

This specification defines conformance criteria that apply to a single product: the user agent that implements the interfaces that it contains.

Conformance requirements phrased as algorithms or specific steps may be implemented in any manner, so long as the end result is equivalent. (In particular, the algorithms defined in this specification are intended to be easy to follow, and not intended to be performant.)

Implementations that use ECMAScript to implement the APIs defined in this specification MUST implement them in a manner consistent with the ECMAScript Bindings defined in the Web IDL specification [[!WEBIDL-1]], as this specification uses that specification and terminology.

Terminology

The EventHandler interface, representing a callback used for event handlers, and the ErrorEvent interface are defined in [[!HTML51]].

The concepts queue a task, fire a simple event and networking task source are defined in [[!HTML51]].

The terms event, event handlers and event handler event types are defined in [[!HTML51]].

performance.timeOrigin and performance.now() are defined in [[!HIGHRES-TIME]].

The terms MediaStream, MediaStreamTrack, and MediaStreamConstraints are defined in [[!GETUSERMEDIA]]. Note that MediaStream is extended in the MediaStream section in this document while MediaStreamTrack is extended in the MediaStreamTrack section in this document.

The term Blob is defined in [[!FILEAPI]].

The term media description is defined in [[!RFC4566]].

The term media transport is defined in [[!RFC7656]].

The term generation is defined in [[!TRICKLE-ICE]] Section 2.

The terms RTCStatsType, stats object and monitored object are defined in [[!WEBRTC-STATS]].

When referring to exceptions, the terms throw and create are defined in [[!WEBIDL-1]].

The term "throw" is used as specified in [[!INFRA]]: it terminates the current processing steps.

The terms fulfilled, rejected, resolved, pending and settled used in the context of Promises are defined in [[!ECMASCRIPT-6.0]].

The terms bundle, bundle-only and bundle-policy are defined in [[!JSEP]].

The OAuth Client and Authorization Server roles are defined in [[!RFC6749]] Section 1.1.

Peer-to-peer connections

Introduction

An RTCPeerConnection instance allows an application to establish peer-to-peer communications with another RTCPeerConnection instance in another browser, or to another endpoint implementing the required protocols. Communications are coordinated by the exchange of control messages (called a signaling protocol) over a signaling channel which is provided by unspecified means, but generally by a script in the page via the server, e.g. using XMLHttpRequest [[XMLHttpRequest]] or Web Sockets [[WEBSOCKETS-API]].

Configuration

RTCConfiguration Dictionary

The RTCConfiguration defines a set of parameters to configure how the peer-to-peer communication established via RTCPeerConnection is established or re-established.

dictionary RTCConfiguration {
             sequence<RTCIceServer>   iceServers;
             RTCIceTransportPolicy    iceTransportPolicy = "all";
             RTCBundlePolicy          bundlePolicy = "balanced";
             RTCRtcpMuxPolicy         rtcpMuxPolicy = "require";
             DOMString                peerIdentity;
             sequence<RTCCertificate> certificates;
             [EnforceRange]
             octet                    iceCandidatePoolSize = 0;
};

Dictionary RTCConfiguration Members

iceServers of type sequence<RTCIceServer>

An array of objects describing servers available to be used by ICE, such as STUN and TURN servers.

iceTransportPolicy of type RTCIceTransportPolicy, defaulting to "all"

Indicates which candidates the ICE Agent is allowed to use.

bundlePolicy of type RTCBundlePolicy, defaulting to "balanced"

Indicates which media-bundling policy to use when gathering ICE candidates.

rtcpMuxPolicy of type RTCRtcpMuxPolicy, defaulting to "require"

Indicates which rtcp-mux policy to use when gathering ICE candidates.

peerIdentity of type DOMString

Sets the target peer identity for the RTCPeerConnection. The RTCPeerConnection will not establish a connection to a remote peer unless it can be successfully authenticated with the provided name.

certificates of type sequence<RTCCertificate>

A set of certificates that the RTCPeerConnection uses to authenticate.

Valid values for this parameter are created through calls to the generateCertificate function.

Although any given DTLS connection will use only one certificate, this attribute allows the caller to provide multiple certificates that support different algorithms. The final certificate will be selected based on the DTLS handshake, which establishes which certificates are allowed. The RTCPeerConnection implementation selects which of the certificates is used for a given connection; how certificates are selected is outside the scope of this specification.

If this value is absent, then a default set of certificates is generated for each RTCPeerConnection instance.

This option allows applications to establish key continuity. An RTCCertificate can be persisted in [[INDEXEDDB]] and reused. Persistence and reuse also avoids the cost of key generation.

The value for this configuration option cannot change after its value is initially selected.

iceCandidatePoolSize of type octet, defaulting to 0

Size of the prefetched ICE pool as defined in [[!JSEP]].

RTCIceCredentialType Enum

enum RTCIceCredentialType {
    "password",
    "oauth"
};
Enumeration description
password The credential is a long-term authentication username and password, as described in [[!RFC5389]], Section 10.2.
oauth

An OAuth 2.0 based authentication method, as described in [[!RFC7635]].

For OAuth Authentication, the ICE Agent requires three pieces of credential information. The credential is composed of a kid, which the RTCIceServer username member is used for, and macKey and accessToken, which are placed in the RTCOAuthCredential dictionary.

This specification does not define how an application (acting as the OAuth Client) obtains the accessToken, kid and macKey from the Authorization Server, as WebRTC only handles the interaction between the ICE agent and TURN server. For example, the application may use the OAuth 2.0 Implicit Grant type, with PoP (Proof-of-Possession) Token type, as described in [[!RFC6749]] and [[!OAUTH-POP-KEY-DISTRIBUTION]]; an example of this is provided in [[!RFC7635]], Appendix B.

The application, acting as the OAuth Client, is responsible for refreshing the credential information and updating the ICE Agent with fresh new credentials before the accessToken expires. The OAuth Client can use the RTCPeerConnection setConfiguration method to periodically refresh the TURN credentials.

The length of the HMAC key (RTCOAuthCredential.macKey) MAY be any integer number of bytes greater than 20 (160 bits).

According to [[!RFC7635]] Section 4.1, the HMAC key MUST be a symmetric key, as asymmetric keys would result in large access tokens which may not fit in a single STUN message.

Currently the STUN/TURN protocols use only SHA-1 and SHA-2 family hash algorithms for Message Integrity Protection, as defined in [[!RFC5389]] Section 15.4, and [[!STUN-BIS]] Section 14.6.

RTCOAuthCredential Dictionary

The RTCOAuthCredential dictionary is used to describe the OAuth auth credential information which is used by the STUN/TURN client (inside the ICE Agent) to authenticate against a STUN/TURN server, as described in [[!RFC7635]]. Note that the kid parameter is not located in this dictionary, but in RTCIceServer's username member.

dictionary RTCOAuthCredential {
    required DOMString        macKey;
    required DOMString        accessToken;
};

Dictionary RTCOAuthCredential Members

macKey of type DOMString, required

The "mac_key", as described in [[!RFC7635]], Section 6.2, in a base64-url encoded format. It is used in STUN message integrity hash calculation (as the password is used in password based authentication). Note that the OAuth response "key" parameter is a JSON Web Key (JWK) or a JWK encrypted with a JWE format. Also note that this is the only OAuth parameter whose value is not used directly, but must be extracted from the "k" parameter value from the JWK, which contains the needed base64-encoded "mac_key".

accessToken of type DOMString, required

The "access_token", as described in [[!RFC7635]], Section 6.2, in a base64-encoded format. This is an encrypted self-contained token that is opaque to the application. Authenticated encryption is used for message encryption and integrity protection. The access token contains a non-encrypted nonce value, which is used by the Authorization Server for unique mac_key generation. The second part of the token is protected by Authenticated Encryption. It contains the mac_key, a timestamp and a lifetime. The timestamp combined with lifetime provides expiry information; this information describes the time window during which the token credential is valid and accepted by the TURN server.

An example of an RTCOAuthCredential dictionary is:


{
  macKey: 'WmtzanB3ZW9peFhtdm42NzUzNG0=',
  accessToken: 'AAwg3kPHWPfvk9bDFL936wYvkoctMADzQ5VhNDgeMR3+ZlZ35byg972fW8QjpEl7bx91YLBPFsIhsxloWcXPhA=='
}
        

RTCIceServer Dictionary

The RTCIceServer dictionary is used to describe the STUN and TURN servers that can be used by the ICE Agent to establish a connection with a peer.

dictionary RTCIceServer {
    required (DOMString or sequence<DOMString>) urls;
             DOMString                          username;
             (DOMString or RTCOAuthCredential)     credential;
             RTCIceCredentialType               credentialType = "password";
};

Dictionary RTCIceServer Members

urls of type (DOMString or sequence<DOMString>), required

STUN or TURN URI(s) as defined in [[!RFC7064]] and [[!RFC7065]] or other URI types.

username of type DOMString

If this RTCIceServer object represents a TURN server, and credentialType is "password", then this attribute specifies the username to use with that TURN server.

If this RTCIceServer object represents a TURN server, and credentialType is "oauth", then this attribute specifies the Key ID (kid) of the shared symmetric key, which is shared between the TURN server and the Authorization Server, as described in [[!RFC7635]]. It is an ephemeral and unique key identifier. The kid allows the TURN server to select the appropriate keying material for decryption of the Access-Token, so the key identified by this kid is used in the Authenticated Encryption of the "access_token". The kid value is equal with the OAuth response "kid" parameter, as defined in [[!RFC7515]] Section 4.1.4.

credential of type (DOMString or RTCOAuthCredential)

If this RTCIceServer object represents a TURN server, then this attribute specifies the credential to use with that TURN server.

If credentialType is "password", credential is a DOMString, and represents a long-term authentication password, as described in [[!RFC5389]], Section 10.2.

If credentialType is "oauth", credential is an RTCOAuthCredential, which contains the OAuth access token and MAC key.

credentialType of type RTCIceCredentialType, defaulting to "password"

If this RTCIceServer object represents a TURN server, then this attribute specifies how credential should be used when that TURN server requests authorization.

An example array of RTCIceServer objects is:


[
  {urls: 'stun:stun1.example.net'},
  {urls: ['turns:turn.example.org', 'turn:turn.example.net'],
    username: 'user',
    credential: 'myPassword',
    credentialType: 'password'},
  {urls: 'turns:turn2.example.net',
    username: '22BIjxU93h/IgwEb',
    credential: {
      macKey: 'WmtzanB3ZW9peFhtdm42NzUzNG0=',
      accessToken: 'AAwg3kPHWPfvk9bDFL936wYvkoctMADzQ5VhNDgeMR3+ZlZ35byg972fW8QjpEl7bx91YLBPFsIhsxloWcXPhA=='
    },
    credentialType: 'oauth'}
];
        

RTCIceTransportPolicy Enum

As described in [[!JSEP]], if the iceTransportPolicy member of the RTCConfiguration is specified, it defines the ICE candidate policy [[!JSEP]] the browser uses to surface the permitted candidates to the application; only these candidates will be used for connectivity checks.

enum RTCIceTransportPolicy {
    "relay",
    "all"
};
Enumeration description (non-normative)
relay

The ICE Agent uses only media relay candidates such as candidates passing through a TURN server.

This can be used to prevent the remote endpoint from learning the user's IP addresses, which may be desired in certain use cases. For example, in a "call"-based application, the application may want to prevent an unknown caller from learning the callee's IP addresses until the callee has consented in some way.
all

The ICE Agent can use any type of candidate when this value is specified.

The implementation can still use its own candidate filtering policy in order to limit the IP addresses exposed to the application, as noted in the description of RTCIceCandidate.ip.

RTCBundlePolicy Enum

As described in [[!JSEP]], bundle policy affects which media tracks are negotiated if the remote endpoint is not bundle-aware, and what ICE candidates are gathered. If the remote endpoint is bundle-aware, all media tracks and data channels are bundled onto the same transport.

enum RTCBundlePolicy {
    "balanced",
    "max-compat",
    "max-bundle"
};
Enumeration description (non-normative)
balanced Gather ICE candidates for each media type in use (audio, video, and data). If the remote endpoint is not bundle-aware, negotiate only one audio and video track on separate transports.
max-compat Gather ICE candidates for each track. If the remote endpoint is not bundle-aware, negotiate all media tracks on separate transports.
max-bundle Gather ICE candidates for only one track. If the remote endpoint is not bundle-aware, negotiate only one media track.

RTCRtcpMuxPolicy Enum

As described in [[!JSEP]], the RtcpMuxPolicy affects what ICE candidates are gathered to support non-multiplexed RTCP.

enum RTCRtcpMuxPolicy {
    // At risk due to lack of implementers' interest.
    "negotiate",
    "require"
};
Enumeration description (non-normative)
negotiate Gather ICE candidates for both RTP and RTCP candidates. If the remote-endpoint is capable of multiplexing RTCP, multiplex RTCP on the RTP candidates. If it is not, use both the RTP and RTCP candidates separately. Note that, as stated in [[!JSEP]], the user agent MAY not implement non-multiplexed RTCP, in which case it will reject attempts to construct an RTCPeerConnection with the negotiate policy.
require Gather ICE candidates only for RTP and multiplex RTCP on the RTP candidates. If the remote endpoint is not capable of rtcp-mux, session negotiation will fail.

Aspects of this specification supporting non-multiplexed RTP/RTCP are marked as features at risk, since there is no clear commitment from implementers. This includes:

  1. The value negotiate, since there is no clear commitment from implementers for the behavior associated with this.
  2. Support for the rtcpTransport attribute within the RTCRtpSender and RTCRtpReceiver.

Offer/Answer Options

These dictionaries describe the options that can be used to control the offer/answer creation process.

dictionary RTCOfferAnswerOptions {
             boolean voiceActivityDetection = true;
};

Dictionary RTCOfferAnswerOptions Members

voiceActivityDetection of type boolean, defaulting to true

Many codecs and systems are capable of detecting "silence" and changing their behavior in this case by doing things such as not transmitting any media. In many cases, such as when dealing with emergency calling or sounds other than spoken voice, it is desirable to be able to turn off this behavior. This option allows the application to provide information about whether it wishes this type of processing enabled or disabled.

dictionary RTCOfferOptions : RTCOfferAnswerOptions {
             boolean iceRestart = false;
};

Dictionary RTCOfferOptions Members

iceRestart of type boolean, defaulting to false

When the value of this dictionary member is true, the generated description will have ICE credentials that are different from the current credentials (as visible in the localDescription attribute's SDP). Applying the generated description will restart ICE, as described in section 9.1.1.1 of [[!ICE]].

When the value of this dictionary member is false, and the localDescription attribute has valid ICE credentials, the generated description will have the same ICE credentials as the current value from the localDescription attribute.

The RTCAnswerOptions dictionary describe options specific to session description of type answer (none in this version of the specification).

          dictionary RTCAnswerOptions : RTCOfferAnswerOptions {
};

State Definitions

RTCSignalingState Enum

enum RTCSignalingState {
    "stable",
    "have-local-offer",
    "have-remote-offer",
    "have-local-pranswer",
    "have-remote-pranswer",
    "closed"
};
Enumeration description
stable There is no offer­answer exchange in progress. This is also the initial state in which case the local and remote descriptions are empty.
have-local-offer A local description, of type "offer", has been successfully applied.
have-remote-offer A remote description, of type "offer", has been successfully applied.
have-local-pranswer A remote description of type "offer" has been successfully applied and a local description of type "pranswer" has been successfully applied.
have-remote-pranswer A local description of type "offer" has been successfully applied and a remote description of type "pranswer" has been successfully applied.
closed The RTCPeerConnection has been closed; its [[\IsClosed]] slot is true.
signalling state transition diagram
Non-normative signalling state transitions diagram

An example set of transitions might be:

Caller transition:
  • new RTCPeerConnection(): stable
  • setLocal(offer): have-local-offer
  • setRemote(pranswer): have-remote-pranswer
  • setRemote(answer): stable
Callee transition:
  • new RTCPeerConnection(): stable
  • setRemote(offer): have-remote-offer
  • setLocal(pranswer): have-local-pranswer
  • setLocal(answer): stable

RTCIceGatheringState Enum

enum RTCIceGatheringState {
    "new",
    "gathering",
    "complete"
};
Enumeration description
new Any of the RTCIceTransports are in the "new" gathering state and none of the transports are in the "gathering" state, or there are no transports.
gathering Any of the RTCIceTransports are in the "gathering" state.
complete At least one RTCIceTransport exists, and all RTCIceTransports are in the "completed" gathering state.

RTCPeerConnectionState Enum

enum RTCPeerConnectionState {
    "new",
    "connecting",
    "connected",
    "disconnected",
    "failed",
    "closed"
};
Enumeration description
new Any of the RTCIceTransports or RTCDtlsTransports are in the "new" state and none of the transports are in the "connecting", "checking", "failed" or "disconnected" state, or all transports are in the "closed" state, or there are no transports.
connecting Any of the RTCIceTransports or RTCDtlsTransports are in the "connecting" or "checking" state and none of them is in the "failed" state.
connected All RTCIceTransports and RTCDtlsTransports are in the "connected", "completed" or "closed" state and at least one of them is in the "connected" or "completed" state.
disconnected Any of the RTCIceTransports or RTCDtlsTransports are in the "disconnected" state and none of them are in the "failed" or "connecting" or "checking" state.
failed Any of the RTCIceTransports or RTCDtlsTransports are in a "failed" state.
closed The RTCPeerConnection object's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true.

RTCIceConnectionState Enum

enum RTCIceConnectionState {
    "new",
    "checking",
    "connected",
    "completed",
    "disconnected",
    "failed",
    "closed"
};
Enumeration description
new Any of the RTCIceTransports are in the "new" state and none of them are in the "checking", "disconnected" or "failed" state, or all RTCIceTransports are in the "closed" state, or there are no transports.
checking Any of the RTCIceTransports are in the "checking" state and none of them are in the "disconnected" or "failed" state.
connected All RTCIceTransports are in the "connected", "completed" or "closed" state and at least one of them is in the "connected" state.
completed All RTCIceTransports are in the "completed" or "closed" state and at least one of them is in the "completed" state.
disconnected Any of the RTCIceTransports are in the "disconnected" state and none of them are in the "failed" state.
failed Any of the RTCIceTransports are in the "failed" state.
closed The RTCPeerConnection object's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true.

Note that if an RTCIceTransport is discarded as a result of signaling (e.g. RTCP mux or bundling), or created as a result of signaling (e.g. adding a new media description), the state may advance directly from one state to another.

RTCPeerConnection Interface

The [[!JSEP]] specification, as a whole, describes the details of how the RTCPeerConnection operates. References to specific subsections of [[!JSEP]] are provided as appropriate.

Operation

Calling new RTCPeerConnection(configuration) creates an RTCPeerConnection object.

configuration.servers contains information used to find and access the servers used by ICE. The application can supply multiple servers of each type, and any TURN server MAY also be used as a STUN server for the purposes of gathering server reflexive candidates.

An RTCPeerConnection object has a signaling state, a connection state, an ICE gathering state, and an ICE connection state. These are initialized when the object is created.

The ICE protocol implementation of an RTCPeerConnection is represented by an ICE agent [[!ICE]]. Certain RTCPeerConnection methods involve interactions with the ICE Agent, namely addIceCandidate, setConfiguration, setLocalDescription, setRemoteDescription and close. These interactions are described in the relevant sections in this document and in [[!JSEP]]. The ICE Agent also provides indications to the user agent when the state of its internal representation of an RTCIceTransport changes, as described in .

The task source for the tasks listed in this section is the networking task source.

Constructor

When the RTCPeerConnection() constructor is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. If any of the steps enumerated below fails for a reason not specified here, throw an UnknownError with the "message" field set to an appropriate description.

  2. Let connection be a newly created RTCPeerConnection object.

  3. If the certificates value in configuration is non-empty, check that the expires on each value is in the future. If a certificate has expired or a the [[\Origin]] internal slot of the certificate does not match the current origin, throw an InvalidAccessError; otherwise, store the certificates. If no certificates value was specified, one or more new RTCCertificate instances are generated for use with this RTCPeerConnection instance. This MAY happen asynchronously and the value of certificates remains undefined for the subsequent steps.

  4. If configuration.rtcpMuxPolicy is "negotiate", and the user agent does not implement non-muxed RTCP, throw a NotSupportedError.

  5. Initialize connection's ICE Agent.

  6. Let connection have a [[\Configuration]] internal slot. Set the configuration specified by configuration.

  7. Let connection have an [[\IsClosed]] internal slot, initialized to false.

  8. Let connection have a [[\NegotiationNeeded]] internal slot, initialized to false.

  9. Let connection have an [[\SctpTransport]] internal slot, initialized to null.

  10. Let connection have an [[\Operations]] internal slot, representing an operations queue, initialized to an empty list.

  11. Let connection have an [[\LastOffer]] internal slot, initialized to "".

  12. Let connection have an [[\LastAnswer]] internal slot, initialized to "".

  13. Set connection's signaling state to "stable".

  14. Set connection's ICE connection state to "new".

  15. Set connection's ICE gathering state to "new".

  16. Set connection's connection state to "new".

  17. Let connection have a [[\PendingLocalDescription]] internal slot, initialized to null.

  18. Let connection have a [[\CurrentLocalDescription]] internal slot, initialized to null.

  19. Let connection have a [[\PendingRemoteDescription]] internal slot, initialized to null.

  20. Let connection have a [[\CurrentRemoteDescription]] internal slot, initialized to null.

  21. Return connection.

Enqueue an operation

An RTCPeerConnection object has an operations queue, [[\Operations]], which ensures that only one asynchronous operation in the queue is executed concurrently. If subsequent calls are made while the returned promise of a previous call is still not settled, they are added to the queue and executed when all the previous calls have finished executing and their promises have settled.

To enqueue an operation to an RTCPeerConnection object's operation queue, run the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.

  3. Let operation be the operation to be enqueued.

  4. Let p be a new promise.

  5. Append operation to [[\Operations]].

  6. If the length of [[\Operations]] is exactly 1, execute operation.

  7. Upon fulfillment or rejection of the promise returned by the operation, run the following steps:

    1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

    2. If the promise returned by operation was fulfilled with a value, fulfill p with that value.

    3. If the promise returned by operation was rejected with a value, reject p with that value.

    4. Upon fulfillment or rejection of p, execute the following steps:

      1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

      2. Remove the first element of [[\Operations]].

      3. If [[\Operations]] is non-empty, execute the operation represented by the first element of [[\Operations]].

  8. Return p.

Update the connection state

An RTCPeerConnection object has an aggregated connection state. Whenever the state of an RTCDtlsTransport or RTCIceTransport changes or when the [[\IsClosed]] slot turns true, the user agent MUST update the connection state by queueing a task that runs the following steps:

  1. Let connection be this RTCPeerConnection object.

  2. Let newState be the value of deriving a new state value as described by the RTCPeerConnectionState enum.

  3. If connection's connection state is equal to newState, abort these steps.

  4. Let connection's connection state be newState.

  5. Fire a simple event named connectionstatechange at connection.

Update the ICE gathering state

To update the ICE gathering state of an RTCPeerConnection instance connection, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  2. Let newState be the value of deriving a new state value as described by the RTCIceGatheringState enum.

  3. If connection's ICE gathering state is equal to newState, abort these steps.

  4. Set connection's ice gathering state to newState.

  5. Fire a simple event named icegatheringstatechange at connection.

  6. If newState is "completed", fire an ice candidate event named icecandidate with null at connection.

    The null candidate event is fired to ensure legacy compatibility. New code should monitor the gathering state of RTCIceTransport and/or RTCPeerConnection.

Update the ICE connection state

To update the ICE connection state of an RTCPeerConnection instance connection, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  2. Let newState be the value of deriving a new state value as described by the RTCIceConnectionState enum.

  3. If connection's ICE connection state is equal to newState, abort these steps.

  4. Set connection's ice connection state to newState.

  5. Fire a simple event named iceconnectionstatechange at connection.

Set the RTCSessionDescription

To set an RTCSessionDescription description on an RTCPeerConnection object connection, enqueue the following steps to connection's operation queue:

  1. Let p be a new promise.

  2. In parallel, start the process to apply description as described in [[!JSEP]].

    1. If the process to apply description fails for any reason, then user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

      1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, then abort these steps.

      2. If the description's type is invalid for the current signaling state of connection as described in [[!JSEP]], then reject p with a newly created InvalidStateError and abort these steps.

      3. If description is set as a local description, if description.type is offer and description.sdp is not equal to connection's [[\LastOffer]] slot, then reject p with a newly created InvalidModificationError and abort these steps.
      4. If description is set as a local description, if description.type is "rollback" and signaling state is "stable" then reject p with a newly created InvalidStateError and abort these steps.

      5. If description is set as a local description, if description.type is "answer" or "pranswer" and description.sdp is not equal to connection's [[\LastAnswer]] slot, then reject p with a newly created InvalidModificationError and abort these steps.
      6. If the content of description is not valid SDP syntax, then reject p with an RTCError (with errorDetail set to "sdp-syntax-error" and the sdpLineNumber attribute set to the line number in the SDP where the syntax error was detected) and abort these steps.

      7. If the content of description is invalid, then reject p with a newly created InvalidAccessError and abort these steps.

      8. For all other errors, reject p with a newly created OperationError.

    2. If description is applied successfully, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

      1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, then abort these steps.

      2. If description is set as a local description, then run one of the following steps:

      3. Otherwise, if description is set as a remote description, then run one of the following steps:

      4. If description is of type "answer", and it initiates the closure of an existing SCTP association, as defined in [[!SCTP-SDP]], Sections 10.3 and 10.4, set the value of connection's [[\SctpTransport]] internal slot to null.

      5. If description is of type "answer" or "pranswer", then run the following steps:

        1. If description initiates the establishment of a new SCTP association, as defined in [[!SCTP-SDP]], Sections 10.3 and 10.4, create an RTCSctpTransport with an initial state of "connecting" and assign the result to the [[\SctpTransport]] slot.

        2. Otherwise, if an SCTP association is established, but the "max-message-size" SDP attribute is updated, update the data max message size of connection's [[\SctpTransport]].

        3. If description negotiates the DTLS role of the SCTP transport, and there is an RTCDataChannel with a null id, then generate an ID according to [[!RTCWEB-DATA-PROTOCOL]]. If no available ID could be generated, then run the following steps:

          1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object for which an ID could not be generated.

          2. Set channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot to "closed".

          3. Fire an event named error with an OperationError exception at channel.

          4. Fire a simple event named close at channel.

      6. Let trackEvents, muteTracks, addList, and removeList be empty lists.

      7. If description is set as a local description, then run the following steps:

        1. Run the following steps for each media description in description:

          1. If the media description is not yet associated with an RTCRtpTransceiver object then run the following steps:

            1. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver used to create the media description.

            2. Set transceiver's mid value to the mid of the media description.

            3. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, abort these sub steps.

            4. If the media description is indicated as using an existing media transport according to [[!BUNDLE]], let transport and rtcpTransport be the RTCDtlsTransport objects representing the RTP and RTCP components of that transport, respectively.

            5. Otherwise, let transport and rtcpTransport be newly created RTCDtlsTransport objects, each with a new underlying RTCIceTransport. Though if RTCP multiplexing is negotiated according to [[!RFC5761]], or if connection's RTCRtcpMuxPolicy is require, do not create any RTCP-specific transport objects, and instead let rtcpTransport equal transport.

            6. Set transceiver.[[\Sender]].[[\SenderTransport]] to transport.

            7. Set transceiver.[[\Sender]].[[\SenderRtcpTransport]] to rtcpTransport.

            8. Set transceiver.[[\Receiver]].[[\ReceiverTransport]] to transport.

            9. Set transceiver.[[\Receiver]].[[\ReceiverRtcpTransport]] to rtcpTransport.

          2. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver associated with the media description.

          3. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, abort these sub steps.

          4. Let direction be an RTCRtpTransceiverDirection value representing the direction from the media description.

          5. If direction is "sendrecv" or "recvonly", set transceiver's [[\Receptive]] slot to true, otherwise set it to false.

          6. If description is of type "answer" or "pranswer", then run the following steps:

            1. If direction is "sendonly" or "inactive", and transceiver's [[\FiredDirection]] slot is either "sendrecv" or "recvonly", process the removal of a remote track for the media description, given transceiver, removeList, and muteTracks.

            2. Set transceiver's [[\CurrentDirection]] and [[\FiredDirection]] slots to direction.

      8. If description is set as a remote description, then run the following steps:

        1. Run the following steps for each media description in description:

          1. Let direction be an RTCRtpTransceiverDirection value representing the direction from the media description, but with the send and receive directions reversed to represent this peer's point of view.

          2. As described by [[!JSEP]], attempt to find an existing RTCRtpTransceiver object, transceiver, to represent the media description.

          3. If no suitable transceiver is found (transceiver is unset), run the following steps:

            1. Create an RTCRtpSender, sender, from the media description.

            2. Create an RTCRtpReceiver, receiver, from the media description.

            3. Create an RTCRtpTransceiver with sender, receiver and an RTCRtpTransceiverDirection value of "recvonly", and let transceiver be the result.

          4. Set transceiver's mid value to the mid of the corresponding media description. If the media description has no MID, and transceiver's mid is unset, generate a random value as described in [[!JSEP]].

          5. If direction is "sendrecv" or "recvonly", and transceiver's [[\FiredDirection]] slot is neither "sendrecv" nor "recvonly", process the addition of a remote track for the media description, given transceiver, addList, and trackEvents.

          6. If direction is "sendonly" or "inactive", set transceiver's [[\Receptive]] slot to false.

          7. If direction is "sendonly" or "inactive", and transceiver's [[\FiredDirection]] slot is either "sendrecv" or "recvonly", process the removal of a remote track for the media description, given transceiver, removeList, and muteTracks.

          8. Set transceiver's [[\FiredDirection]] slot to direction.

          9. If description is of type "answer" or "pranswer", then run the following steps:

            1. Set transceiver's [[\CurrentDirection]] slot to direction.

            2. Let transport and rtcpTransport be the RTCDtlsTransport objects representing the RTP and RTCP components of the media transport used by transceiver's associated media description, according to [[!BUNDLE]].

            3. Set transceiver.[[\Sender]].[[\SenderTransport]] to transport.

            4. Set transceiver.[[\Sender]].[[\SenderRtcpTransport]] to rtcpTransport.

            5. Set transceiver.[[\Receiver]].[[\ReceiverTransport]] to transport.

            6. Set transceiver.[[\Receiver]].[[\ReceiverRtcpTransport]] to rtcpTransport.

          10. If the media description is rejected, and transceiver is not already stopped, stop the RTCRtpTransceiver transceiver.

      9. If description is of type "rollback", then run the following steps:

        1. If the mid value of an RTCRtpTransceiver was set to a non-null value by the RTCSessionDescription that is being rolled back, set the mid value of that transceiver to null, as described by [[!JSEP]].

        2. If an RTCRtpTransceiver was created by applying the RTCSessionDescription that is being rolled back, and a track has not been attached to it via addTrack, remove that transceiver from connection's set of transceivers, as described by [[!JSEP]].

        3. For the RTCRtpTransceivers remaining on connection, revert any changes to the [[\CurrentDirection]] and [[\Receptive]] internal slots made by the application of the RTCSessionDescription that is being rolled back.
        4. Restore the value of connection's [[\SctpTransport]] internal slot to its value at the last stable signaling state.

      10. If connection's signaling state changed above, fire a simple event named signalingstatechange at connection.

      11. For each track in muteTracks, set the muted state of track to the value true.

      12. For each stream and track pair in removeList, remove the track track from stream.

      13. For each stream and track pair in addList, add the track track to stream.

      14. For each RTCTrackEvent trackEvent in trackEvents, fire a track event named track with trackEvent at the connection object.

      15. If connection's signaling state is now "stable", update the negotiation-needed flag. If connection's [[\NegotiationNeeded]] slot was true both before and after this update, queue a task that runs the following steps:

        1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

        2. If connection's [[\NegotiationNeeded]] slot is false, abort these steps.

        3. Fire a simple event named negotiationneeded at connection.

      16. Resolve p with undefined.

  3. Return p.

Set the configuration

To set a configuration, run the following steps:

  1. Let configuration be the RTCConfiguration dictionary to be processed.
  2. Let connection be the target RTCPeerConnection object.
  3. If configuration.peerIdentity is set and its value differs from the target peer identity, throw an InvalidModificationError.
  4. If configuration.certificates is set and the set of certificates differs from the ones used when connection was constructed, throw an InvalidModificationError.
  5. If the value of configuration.bundlePolicy differs from the connection's bundle policy, throw an InvalidModificationError.
  6. If the value of configuration.rtcpMuxPolicy differs from the connection's rtcpMux policy, throw an InvalidModificationError.
  7. If the value of configuration.iceCandidatePoolSize differs from the connection's previously set iceCandidatePoolSize, and setLocalDescription has already been called, throw an InvalidModificationError.
  8. Set the ICE Agent's ICE transports setting to the value of configuration.iceTransportPolicy. As defined in [[!JSEP]], if the new ICE transports setting changes the existing setting, no action will be taken until the next gathering phase. If a script wants this to happen immediately, it should do an ICE restart.

  9. Set the ICE Agent's prefetched ICE candidate pool size as defined in [[!JSEP]] to the value of configuration.iceCandidatePoolSize. If the new ICE candidate pool size changes the existing setting, this may result in immediate gathering of new pooled candidates, or discarding of existing pooled candidates, as defined in [[!JSEP]].

  10. Let validatedServers be an empty list.

  11. If configuration.iceServers is defined, then run the following steps for each element:

    1. Let server be the current list element.

    2. If server.urls is a string, let server.urls be a list consisting of just that string.

    3. For each url in server.urls run the following steps:

      1. Parse the url using the generic URI syntax defined in [[!RFC3986]] and obtain the scheme name. If the parsing based on the syntax defined in [[!RFC3986]] fails, throw a SyntaxError. If the scheme name is not implemented by the browser throw a NotSupportedError. If scheme name is turn or turns, and parsing the url using the syntax defined in [[!RFC7064]] fails, throw a SyntaxError. If scheme name is stun or stuns, and parsing the url using the syntax defined in [[!RFC7065]] fails, throw a SyntaxError.

      2. If scheme name is turn or turns, and either of server.username or server.credential are omitted, then throw an InvalidAccessError.

      3. If scheme name is turn or turns, and server.credentialType is "password", and server.credential is not a DOMString, then throw an InvalidAccessError.

      4. If scheme name is turn or turns, and server.credentialType is "oauth", and server.credential is not an RTCOAuthCredential, then throw an InvalidAccessError.

    4. Append server to validatedServers.

    Let validatedServers be the ICE Agent's ICE servers list.

    As defined in [[!JSEP]], if a new list of servers replaces the ICE Agent's existing ICE servers list, no action will be taken until the next gathering phase. If a script wants this to happen immediately, it should do an ICE restart. However, if the ICE candidate pool has a nonzero size, any existing pooled candidates will be discarded, and new candidates will be gathered from the new servers.

  12. Store the configuration in the [[\Configuration]] internal slot.

Interface Definition

The RTCPeerConnection interface presented in this section is extended by several partial interfaces throughout this specification. Notably, the RTP Media API section, which adds the APIs to send and receive MediaStreamTrack objects.

          [ Constructor (optional RTCConfiguration configuration), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCPeerConnection : EventTarget  {
    Promise<RTCSessionDescriptionInit> createOffer (optional RTCOfferOptions options);
    Promise<RTCSessionDescriptionInit> createAnswer (optional RTCAnswerOptions options);
    Promise<void>                      setLocalDescription (RTCSessionDescriptionInit description);
    readonly        attribute RTCSessionDescription?    localDescription;
    readonly        attribute RTCSessionDescription?    currentLocalDescription;
    readonly        attribute RTCSessionDescription?    pendingLocalDescription;
    Promise<void>                      setRemoteDescription (RTCSessionDescriptionInit description);
    readonly        attribute RTCSessionDescription?    remoteDescription;
    readonly        attribute RTCSessionDescription?    currentRemoteDescription;
    readonly        attribute RTCSessionDescription?    pendingRemoteDescription;
    Promise<void>                      addIceCandidate ((RTCIceCandidateInit or RTCIceCandidate) candidate);
    readonly        attribute RTCSignalingState         signalingState;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceGatheringState      iceGatheringState;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceConnectionState     iceConnectionState;
    readonly        attribute RTCPeerConnectionState    connectionState;
    readonly        attribute boolean?                  canTrickleIceCandidates;
    static sequence<RTCIceServer>      getDefaultIceServers ();
    RTCConfiguration                   getConfiguration ();
    void                               setConfiguration (RTCConfiguration configuration);
    void                               close ();
                    attribute EventHandler              onnegotiationneeded;
                    attribute EventHandler              onicecandidate;
                    attribute EventHandler              onicecandidateerror;
                    attribute EventHandler              onsignalingstatechange;
                    attribute EventHandler              oniceconnectionstatechange;
                    attribute EventHandler              onicegatheringstatechange;
                    attribute EventHandler              onconnectionstatechange;
};

Constructors

RTCPeerConnection
See the RTCPeerConnection constructor algorithm.

Attributes

localDescription of type RTCSessionDescription, readonly, nullable

The localDescription attribute MUST return [[\PendingLocalDescription]] if it is not null and otherwise it MUST return [[\CurrentLocalDescription]].

Note that [[\CurrentLocalDescription]].sdp and [[\PendingLocalDescription]].sdp need not be string-wise identical to the SDP value passed to the corresponding setLocalDescription call (i.e. SDP may be parsed and reformatted, and ICE candidates may be added).

currentLocalDescription of type RTCSessionDescription, readonly, nullable

The currentLocalDescription attribute MUST return [[\CurrentLocalDescription]].

It represents the local description that was successfully negotiated the last time the RTCPeerConnection transitioned into the stable state plus any local candidates that have been generated by the ICE Agent since the offer or answer was created.

pendingLocalDescription of type RTCSessionDescription, readonly, nullable

The pendingLocalDescription attribute MUST return [[\PendingLocalDescription]].

It represents a local description that is in the process of being negotiated plus any local candidates that have been generated by the ICE Agent since the offer or answer was created. If the RTCPeerConnection is in the stable state, the value is null.

remoteDescription of type RTCSessionDescription, readonly, nullable

The remoteDescription attribute MUST return [[\PendingRemoteDescription]] if it is not null and otherwise it MUST return [[\CurrentRemoteDescription]].

Note that [[\CurrentRemoteDescription]].sdp and [[\PendingRemoteDescription]].sdp need not be string-wise identical to the SDP value passed to the corresponding setRemoteDescription call (i.e. SDP may be parsed and reformatted, and ICE candidates may be added).

currentRemoteDescription of type RTCSessionDescription, readonly, nullable

The currentRemoteDescription attribute MUST return [[\CurrentRemoteDescription]].

It represents the last remote description that was successfully negotiated the last time the RTCPeerConnection transitioned into the stable state plus any remote candidates that have been supplied via addIceCandidate() since the offer or answer was created.

pendingRemoteDescription of type RTCSessionDescription, readonly, nullable

The pendingRemoteDescription attribute MUST return [[\PendingRemoteDescription]].

It represents a remote description that is in the process of being negotiated, complete with any remote candidates that have been supplied via addIceCandidate() since the offer or answer was created. If the RTCPeerConnection is in the stable state, the value is null.

signalingState of type RTCSignalingState, readonly

The signalingState attribute MUST return the RTCPeerConnection object's signaling state.

iceGatheringState of type RTCIceGatheringState, readonly

The iceGatheringState attribute MUST return the ICE gathering state of the RTCPeerConnection instance.

iceConnectionState of type RTCIceConnectionState, readonly

The iceConnectionState attribute MUST return the ICE connection state of the RTCPeerConnection instance.

connectionState of type RTCPeerConnectionState, readonly

The connectionState attribute MUST return the connection state of the RTCPeerConnection instance.

canTrickleIceCandidates of type boolean, readonly, nullable

The canTrickleIceCandidates attribute indicates whether the remote peer is able to accept trickled ICE candidates [[TRICKLE-ICE]]. The value is determined based on whether a remote description indicates support for trickle ICE, as defined in [[!JSEP]]. Prior to the completion of setRemoteDescription, this value is null.

onnegotiationneeded of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is negotiationneeded.
onicecandidate of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is icecandidate.
onicecandidateerror of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is icecandidateerror.
onsignalingstatechange of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is signalingstatechange.
oniceconnectionstatechange of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is iceconnectionstatechange
onicegatheringstatechange of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is icegatheringstatechange.
onconnectionstatechange of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is connectionstatechange.

Methods

createOffer

The createOffer method generates a blob of SDP that contains an RFC 3264 offer with the supported configurations for the session, including descriptions of the local MediaStreamTracks attached to this RTCPeerConnection, the codec/RTP/RTCP capabilities supported by this implementation, and parameters of the ICE agent and the DTLS connection. The options parameter may be supplied to provide additional control over the offer generated.

If a system has limited resources (e.g. a finite number of decoders), createOffer needs to return an offer that reflects the current state of the system, so that setLocalDescription will succeed when it attempts to acquire those resources. The session descriptions MUST remain usable by setLocalDescription without causing an error until at least the end of the fulfillment callback of the returned promise.

Creating the SDP MUST follow the appropriate process for generating an offer described in [[!JSEP]]. As an offer, the generated SDP will contain the full set of codec/RTP/RTCP capabilities supported by the session (as opposed to an answer, which will include only a specific negotiated subset to use). In the event createOffer is called after the session is established, createOffer will generate an offer that is compatible with the current session, incorporating any changes that have been made to the session since the last complete offer-answer exchange, such as addition or removal of tracks. If no changes have been made, the offer will include the capabilities of the current local description as well as any additional capabilities that could be negotiated in an updated offer.

The generated SDP will also contain the ICE agent's usernameFragment, password and ICE options (as defined in [[!ICE]], Section 14) and may also contain any local candidates that have been gathered by the agent.

The certificates value in configuration for the RTCPeerConnection provides the certificates configured by the application for the RTCPeerConnection. These certificates, along with any default certificates are used to produce a set of certificate fingerprints. These certificate fingerprints are used in the construction of SDP and as input to requests for identity assertions.

If the RTCPeerConnection is configured to generate Identity assertions by calling setIdentityProvider, then the session description SHALL contain an appropriate assertion.

The process of generating an SDP exposes a subset of the media capabilities of the underlying system, which provides generally persistent cross-origin information on the device. It thus increases the fingerprinting surface of the application. In privacy-sensitive contexts, browsers can consider mitigations such as generating SDP matching only a common subset of the capabilities.

When the method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the method was invoked.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.

  3. If connection is configured with an identity provider, then begin the identity assertion request process if it has not already begun.

  4. Return the result of enqueuing the following steps to connection's operation queue:

    1. Let p be a new promise.

    2. In parallel, begin the steps to create an offer, given p.

    3. Return p.

The steps to create an offer given a promise p are as follows:

  1. If connection was not constructed with a set of certificates, and one has not yet been generated, wait for it to be generated.

  2. Let provider be connection's currently configured identity provider if one has been configured, or null otherwise.

  3. If provider is non-null, wait for the identity assertion request process to complete.

  4. If provider was unable to produce an identity assertion, reject p with a newly created NotReadableError and abort these steps.

  5. Inspect the system state to determine the currently available resources as necessary for generating the offer, as described in [[!JSEP]].

  6. If this inspection failed for any reason, reject p with a newly created OperationError and abort these steps.

  7. Queue a task that runs the final steps to create an offer, given p.

The final steps to create an offer given a promise p are as follows:

  1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, then abort these steps.

  2. If connection was modified in such a way that additional inspection of the system state is necessary, or if its configured indentity provider is no longer provider, then in parallel begin the steps to create an offer again, given p, and abort these steps.

    This may be necessary if, for example, createOffer was called when only an audio RTCRtpTransceiver was added to connection, but while performing the steps to create an offer in parallel, a video RTCRtpTransceiver was added, requiring additional inspection of video system resources.
  3. Given the information that was obtained from previous inspection, the current state of connection and its RTCRtpTransceivers, and the identity assertion from provider (if non-null), generate an SDP offer, sdpString, as described in [[!JSEP]].

  4. Let offer be a newly created RTCSessionDescriptionInit dictionary with its type member initialized to the string "offer" and its sdp member initialized to sdpString.

  5. Set the [[\LastOffer]] internal slot to sdpString.

  6. Resolve p with offer.

createAnswer

The createAnswer method generates an [[!SDP]] answer with the supported configuration for the session that is compatible with the parameters in the remote configuration. Like createOffer, the returned blob of SDP contains descriptions of the local MediaStreamTracks attached to this RTCPeerConnection, the codec/RTP/RTCP options negotiated for this session, and any candidates that have been gathered by the ICE Agent. The options parameter may be supplied to provide additional control over the generated answer.

Like createOffer, the returned description SHOULD reflect the current state of the system. The session descriptions MUST remain usable by setLocalDescription without causing an error until at least the end of the fulfillment callback of the returned promise.

As an answer, the generated SDP will contain a specific codec/RTP/RTCP configuration that, along with the corresponding offer, specifies how the media plane should be established. The generation of the SDP MUST follow the appropriate process for generating an answer described in [[!JSEP]].

The generated SDP will also contain the ICE agent's usernameFragment, password and ICE options (as defined in [[!ICE]], Section 14) and may also contain any local candidates that have been gathered by the agent.

The certificates value in configuration for the RTCPeerConnection provides the certificates configured by the application for the RTCPeerConnection. These certificates, along with any default certificates are used to produce a set of certificate fingerprints. These certificate fingerprints are used in the construction of SDP and as input to requests for identity assertions.

An answer can be marked as provisional, as described in [[!JSEP]], by setting the type to "pranswer".

If the RTCPeerConnection is configured to generate Identity assertions by calling setIdentityProvider, then the session description SHALL contain an appropriate assertion.

When the method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the method was invoked.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.

  3. If connection is configured with an identity provider, then begin the identity assertion request process if it has not already begun.

  4. Return the result of enqueuing the following steps to connection's operation queue:

    1. If connection's signaling state is neither "have-remote-offer" nor "have-local-pranswer", return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.

    2. Let p be a new promise.

    3. In parallel, begin the steps to create an answer, given p.

    4. Return p.

The steps to create an answer given a promise p are as follows:

  1. If connection was not constructed with a set of certificates, and one has not yet been generated, wait for it to be generated.

  2. Let provider be connection's currently configured identity provider if one has been configured, or null otherwise.

  3. If provider is non-null, wait for the identity assertion request process to complete.

  4. If provider was unable to produce an identity assertion, reject p with a newly created NotReadableError and abort these steps.

  5. Inspect the system state to determine the currently available resources as necessary for generating the answer, as described in [[!JSEP]].

  6. If this inspection failed for any reason, reject p with a newly created OperationError and abort these steps.

  7. Queue a task that runs the final steps to create an answer, given p.

The final steps to create an answer given a promise p are as follows:

  1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, then abort these steps.

  2. If connection was modified in such a way that additional inspection of the system state is necessary, or if its configured indentity provider is no longer provider, then in parallel begin the steps to create an answer again, given p, and abort these steps.

    This may be necessary if, for example, createAnswer was called when an RTCRtpTransceiver's direction was "recvonly", but while performing the steps to create an answer in parallel, the direction was changed to "sendrecv", requiring additional inspection of video encoding resources.
  3. Given the information that was obtained from previous inspection and the current state of connection and its RTCRtpTransceivers, and the identity assertion from provider (if non-null), generate an SDP answer, sdpString, as described in [[!JSEP]].

  4. Let answer be a newly created RTCSessionDescriptionInit dictionary with its type member initialized to the string "answer" and its sdp member initialized to sdpString.

  5. Set the [[\LastAnswer]] internal slot to sdpString.

  6. Resolve p with answer.

setLocalDescription

The setLocalDescription method instructs the RTCPeerConnection to apply the supplied RTCSessionDescriptionInit as the local description.

This API changes the local media state. In order to successfully handle scenarios where the application wants to offer to change from one media format to a different, incompatible format, the RTCPeerConnection MUST be able to simultaneously support use of both the current and pending local descriptions (e.g. support codecs that exist in both descriptions) until a final answer is received, at which point the RTCPeerConnection can fully adopt the pending local description, or rollback to the current description if the remote side rejected the change.

As noted in [[!JSEP]] the SDP returned from createOffer or createAnswer MUST NOT be changed before passing it to setLocalDescription. As a result, when the method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let description be the first argument to setLocalDescription.
  2. If description.sdp is the empty string and description.type is "answer" or "pranswer", set description.sdp to the value of connection's [[\LastAnswer]] slot.
  3. If description.sdp is the empty string and description.type is "offer", set description.sdp to the value of connection's [[\LastOffer]] slot.
  4. Return the result of setting the RTCSessionDescription indicated by description.

As noted in [[!JSEP]], calling this method may trigger the ICE candidate gathering process by the ICE Agent.

setRemoteDescription

The setRemoteDescription method instructs the RTCPeerConnection to apply the supplied RTCSessionDescriptionInit as the remote offer or answer. This API changes the local media state.

When the method is invoked, the user agent MUST return the result of setting the RTCSessionDescription indicated by the method's first argument.

In addition, a remote description is processed to determine and verify the identity of the peer.

If an a=identity attribute is present in the session description, the browser validates the identity assertion..

If the "peerIdentity" configuration is applied to the RTCPeerConnection, this establishes a target peer identity of the provided value. Alternatively, if the RTCPeerConnection has previously authenticated the identity of the peer (that is, there is a current value for peerIdentity ), then this also establishes a target peer identity.

The target peer identity cannot be changed once set. Once set, if a different value is provided, the user agent MUST reject the returned promise with a newly created InvalidModificationError and abort this operation. The RTCPeerConnection MUST be closed if the validated peer identity does not match the target peer identity.

If there is no target peer identity, then setRemoteDescription does not await the completion of identity validation.

addIceCandidate

The addIceCandidate method provides a remote candidate to the ICE Agent. This method can also be used to indicate the end of remote candidates when called with an empty string for the candidate member. The only members of the argument used by this method are candidate, sdpMid, sdpMLineIndex, and usernameFragment; the rest are ignored. When the method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let candidate be the method's argument.

  2. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the method was invoked.

  3. If both sdpMid and sdpMLineIndex are null, return a promise rejected with a newly created TypeError.

  4. Return the result of enqueuing the following steps to connection's operation queue:

    1. If remoteDescription is null return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.

    2. Let p be a new promise.

    3. If candidate.sdpMid is not null, run the following steps:

      1. If candidate.sdpMid is not equal to the mid of any media description in remoteDescription, reject p with a newly created OperationError and abort these steps.

    4. Else, if candidate.sdpMLineIndex is not null, run the following steps:

      1. If candidate.sdpMLineIndex is equal to or larger than the number of media descriptions in remoteDescription, reject p with a newly created OperationError and abort these steps.

    5. If candidate.usernameFragment is neither undefined nor null, and is not equal to any username fragment present in the corresponding media description of an applied remote description, reject p with a newly created OperationError and abort these steps.

    6. In parallel, add the ICE candidate candidate as described in [[!JSEP]]. Use candidate.usernameFragment to identify the ICE generation; if usernameFragment is null, process the candidate for the most recent ICE generation. If candidate.candidate is an empty string, process candidate as an end-of-candidates indication for the corresponding media description and ICE candidate generation.

      1. If candidate could not be successfully added the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

        1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, then abort these steps.

        2. Reject p with a DOMException object whose name attribute has the value OperationError and abort these steps.

      2. If candidate is applied successfully, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

        1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, then abort these steps.

        2. If connection.[[\PendingRemoteDescription]] is not null, and represents the ICE generation for which candidate was processed, add candidate to the connection.[[\PendingRemoteDescription]].sdp.

        3. If connection.[[\CurrentRemoteDescription]] is not null, and represents the ICE generation for which candidate was processed, add candidate to the connection.[[\CurrentRemoteDescription]].sdp.

        4. Resolve p with undefined.

    7. Return p.

getDefaultIceServers

Returns a list of ICE servers that are configured into the browser. A browser might be configured to use local or private STUN or TURN servers. This method allows an application to learn about these servers and optionally use them.

This list is likely to be persistent and is the same across origins. It thus increases the fingerprinting surface of the browser. In privacy-sensitive contexts, browsers can consider mitigations such as only providing this data to whitelisted origins (or not providing it at all.)

Since the use of this information is left to the discretion of application developers, configuring a user agent with these defaults does not per se increase a user's ability to limit the exposure of their IP addresses.

getConfiguration

Returns an RTCConfiguration object representing the current configuration of this RTCPeerConnection object.

When this method is called, the user agent MUST return the RTCConfiguration object stored in the [[\Configuration]] internal slot.

setConfiguration

The setConfiguration method updates the configuration of this RTCPeerConnection object. This includes changing the configuration of the ICE Agent. As noted in [[!JSEP]], when the ICE configuration changes in a way that requires a new gathering phase, an ICE restart is required.

When the setConfiguration method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection on which the method was invoked.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  3. Set the configuration specified by configuration.

close

When the close method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the method was invoked.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  3. Set connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot to true.

  4. Set connection's signaling state to "closed".

  5. Let transceivers be the result of executing the CollectTransceivers algorithm. For every RTCRtpTransceiver transceiver in transceivers, run the following steps:

    1. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, abort these steps.

    2. Let sender be transceiver's [[\Sender]].

    3. Let receiver be transceiver's [[\Receiver]].

    4. Stop sending media with sender.

    5. Send an RTCP BYE for each RTP stream that was being sent by sender, as specified in [[!RFC3550]].

    6. Stop receiving media with receiver.

    7. Set the readyState of receiver's [[\ReceiverTrack]] to "ended".

    8. Set transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot to true.

  6. Set the [[\ReadyState]] slot of each of connection's RTCDataChannels to "closed"

    The RTCDataChannels will be closed abruptly and the closing procedure will not be invoked.
  7. If the connection's [[\SctpTransport]] is not null, tear down the underlying SCTP association by sending an SCTP ABORT chunk and set the [[\SctpTransportState]] to "closed".

  8. Set the [[\DtlsTransportState]] slot of each of connection's RTCDtlsTransports to "closed".

  9. Destroy connection's ICE Agent, abruptly ending any active ICE processing and releasing any relevant resources (e.g. TURN permissions).

  10. Set the [[\IceTransportState]] slot of each of connection's RTCIceTransports to "closed".

  11. Set connection's ICE connection state to "closed".

  12. Set connection's connection state to "closed".

Legacy Interface Extensions

Supporting the methods in this section is optional. However, if these methods are supported it is mandatory to implement according to what is specified here.

The addStream method that used to exist on RTCPeerConnection is easy to polyfill as:
RTCPeerConnection.prototype.addStream = function(stream) {
  stream.getTracks().forEach((track) => this.addTrack(track, stream));
};

Method extensions

partial interface RTCPeerConnection {
    Promise<void> createOffer (RTCSessionDescriptionCallback successCallback, RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback failureCallback, optional RTCOfferOptions options);
    Promise<void> setLocalDescription (RTCSessionDescriptionInit description, VoidFunction successCallback, RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback failureCallback);
    Promise<void> createAnswer (RTCSessionDescriptionCallback successCallback, RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback failureCallback);
    Promise<void> setRemoteDescription (RTCSessionDescriptionInit description, VoidFunction successCallback, RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback failureCallback);
    Promise<void> addIceCandidate ((RTCIceCandidateInit or RTCIceCandidate) candidate, VoidFunction successCallback, RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback failureCallback);
};

Methods

createOffer

When the createOffer method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let successCallback be the method's first argument.

  2. Let failureCallback be the callback indicated by the method's second argument.

  3. Let options be the callback indicated by the method's third argument.

  4. Run the steps specified by RTCPeerConnection's createOffer() method with options as the sole argument, and let p be the resulting promise.

  5. Upon fulfillment of p with value offer, invoke successCallback with offer as the argument.

  6. Upon rejection of p with reason r, invoke failureCallback with r as the argument.

  7. Return a promise resolved with undefined.

setLocalDescription

When the setLocalDescription method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let description be the method's first argument.

  2. Let successCallback be the callback indicated by the method's second argument.

  3. Let failureCallback be the callback indicated by the method's third argument.

  4. Run the steps specified by RTCPeerConnection's setLocalDescription method with description as the sole argument, and let p be the resulting promise.

  5. Upon fulfillment of p, invoke successCallback with undefined as the argument.

  6. Upon rejection of p with reason r, invoke failureCallback with r as the argument.

  7. Return a promise resolved with undefined.

createAnswer
The legacy createAnswer method does not take an RTCAnswerOptions parameter, since no known legacy createAnswer implementation ever supported it.

When the createAnswer method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let successCallback be the method's first argument.

  2. Let failureCallback be the callback indicated by the method's second argument.

  3. Run the steps specified by RTCPeerConnection's createAnswer() method with no arguments, and let p be the resulting promise.

  4. Upon fulfillment of p with value answer, invoke successCallback with answer as the argument.

  5. Upon rejection of p with reason r, invoke failureCallback with r as the argument.

  6. Return a promise resolved with undefined.

setRemoteDescription

When the setRemoteDescription method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let description be the method's first argument.

  2. Let successCallback be the callback indicated by the method's second argument.

  3. Let failureCallback be the callback indicated by the method's third argument.

  4. Run the steps specified by RTCPeerConnection's setRemoteDescription method with description as the sole argument, and let p be the resulting promise.

  5. Upon fulfillment of p, invoke successCallback with undefined as the argument.

  6. Upon rejection of p with reason r, invoke failureCallback with r as the argument.

  7. Return a promise resolved with undefined.

addIceCandidate

When the addIceCandidate method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let candidate be the method's first argument.

  2. Let successCallback be the callback indicated by the method's second argument.

  3. Let failureCallback be the callback indicated by the method's third argument.

  4. Run the steps specified by RTCPeerConnection's addIceCandidate() method with candidate as the sole argument, and let p be the resulting promise.

  5. Upon fulfillment of p, invoke successCallback with undefined as the argument.

  6. Upon rejection of p with reason r, invoke failureCallback with r as the argument.

  7. Return a promise resolved with undefined.

Callback Definitions

These callbacks are only used on the legacy APIs.

RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback

                callback RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback = void (DOMException error);

Callback RTCPeerConnectionErrorCallback Parameters

error of type DOMException
An error object encapsulating information about what went wrong.

RTCSessionDescriptionCallback

                callback RTCSessionDescriptionCallback = void (RTCSessionDescriptionInit description);

Callback RTCSessionDescriptionCallback Parameters

description of type RTCSessionDescriptionInit
The object containing the SDP [[!SDP]].

Legacy configuration extensions

This section describes a set of legacy extensions that may be used to influence how an offer is created, in addition to the media added to the RTCPeerConnection. Developers are encouraged to use the RTCRtpTransceiver API instead.

When createOffer is called with any of the legacy options specified in this section, run the followings steps instead of the regular createOffer steps:

  1. Let options be the methods first argument.

  2. Let connection be the current RTCPeerConnection object.

  3. For each "offerToReceive<Kind>" member in options with kind, kind, run the following steps:

    1. If the value of the dictionary member is false,

      1. For each non-stopped "sendrecv" transceiver of transceiver kind kind, set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to "sendonly".

      2. For each non-stopped "recvonly" transceiver of transceiver kind kind, set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to "inactive".

      Continue with the next option, if any.

    2. If connection has any non-stopped "sendrecv" or "recvonly" transceivers of transceiver kind kind, continue with the next option, if any.

    3. Let transceiver be the result of invoking the equivalent of connection.addTransceiver(kind), except that this operation MUST NOT update the negotiation-needed flag.

    4. If transceiver is unset because the previous operation threw an error, abort these steps.

    5. Set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to "recvonly".

  4. Run the steps specified by createOffer to create the offer.

partial dictionary RTCOfferOptions {
            boolean offerToReceiveAudio;
            boolean offerToReceiveVideo;
          };
          

Attributes

offerToReceiveAudio of type boolean

This setting provides additional control over the directionality of audio. For example, it can be used to ensure that audio can be received, regardless if audio is sent or not.

offerToReceiveVideo of type boolean

This setting provides additional control over the directionality of video. For example, it can be used to ensure that video can be received, regardless if video is sent or not.

Garbage collection

An RTCPeerConnection object MUST not be garbage collected as long as any event can cause an event handler to be triggered on the object. When the object's [[\IsClosed]] internal slot is true, no such event handler can be triggered and it is therefore safe to garbage collect the object.

All RTCDataChannel and MediaStreamTrack objects that are connected to an RTCPeerConnection have a strong reference to the RTCPeerConnection object.

Error Handling

General Principles

All methods that return promises are governed by the standard error handling rules of promises. Methods that do not return promises may throw exceptions to indicate errors.

Session Description Model

RTCSdpType

The RTCSdpType enum describes the type of an RTCSessionDescriptionInit or RTCSessionDescription instance.

enum RTCSdpType {
    "offer",
    "pranswer",
    "answer",
    "rollback"
};
Enumeration description
offer

An RTCSdpType of offer indicates that a description MUST be treated as an [[!SDP]] offer.

pranswer

An RTCSdpType of pranswer indicates that a description MUST be treated as an [[!SDP]] answer, but not a final answer. A description used as an SDP pranswer may be applied as a response to an SDP offer, or an update to a previously sent SDP pranswer.

answer

An RTCSdpType of answer indicates that a description MUST be treated as an [[!SDP]] final answer, and the offer-answer exchange MUST be considered complete. A description used as an SDP answer may be applied as a response to an SDP offer or as an update to a previously sent SDP pranswer.

rollback

An RTCSdpType of rollback indicates that a description MUST be treated as canceling the current SDP negotiation and moving the SDP [[!SDP]] offer and answer back to what it was in the previous stable state. Note the local or remote SDP descriptions in the previous stable state could be null if there has not yet been a successful offer-answer negotiation.

RTCSessionDescription Class

The RTCSessionDescription class is used by RTCPeerConnection to expose local and remote session descriptions.

          [ Constructor (RTCSessionDescriptionInit descriptionInitDict), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCSessionDescription {
    readonly        attribute RTCSdpType type;
    readonly        attribute DOMString  sdp;
    [Default] object toJSON();
};

Constructors

RTCSessionDescription
The RTCSessionDescription() constructor takes a dictionary argument, descriptionInitDict, whose content is used to initialize the new RTCSessionDescription object. This constructor is deprecated; it exists for legacy compatibility reasons only.

Attributes

type of type RTCSdpType, readonly
The type of this RTCSessionDescription.
sdp of type DOMString, readonly
The string representation of the SDP [[!SDP]].

Methods

toJSON()
When called, run [[!WEBIDL-1]]'s default toJSON operation.
dictionary RTCSessionDescriptionInit {
    required RTCSdpType type;
             DOMString  sdp = "";
};

Dictionary RTCSessionDescriptionInit Members

type of type RTCSdpType, required
DOMString sdp
sdp of type DOMString
The string representation of the SDP [[!SDP]]; if type is "rollback", this member is unused.

Session Negotiation Model

Many changes to state of an RTCPeerConnection will require communication with the remote side via the signaling channel, in order to have the desired effect. The app can be kept informed as to when it needs to do signaling, by listening to the negotiationneeded event. This event is fired according to the state of the connection's negotiation-needed flag, represented by a [[\NegotiationNeeded]] internal slot.

Setting Negotiation-Needed

If an operation is performed on an RTCPeerConnection that requires signaling, the connection will be marked as needing negotiation. Examples of such operations include adding or stopping an RTCRtpTransceiver, or adding the first RTCDataChannel.

Internal changes within the implementation can also result in the connection being marked as needing negotiation.

Note that the exact procedures for updating the negotiation-needed flag are specified below.

Clearing Negotiation-Needed

The negotiation-needed flag is cleared when an RTCSessionDescription of type "answer" is applied, and the supplied description matches the state of the RTCRtpTransceivers and RTCDataChannels that currently exist on the RTCPeerConnection. Specifically, this means that all non-stopped transceivers have an associated section in the local description with matching properties, and, if any data channels have been created, a data section exists in the local description.

Note that the exact procedures for updating the negotiation-needed flag are specified below.

Updating the Negotiation-Needed flag

The process below occurs where referenced elsewhere in this document. It also may occur as a result of internal changes within the implementation that affect negotiation. If such changes occur, the user agent MUST queue a task to update the negotiation-needed flag.

To update the negotiation-needed flag for connection, run the following steps:

  1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  2. If connection's signaling state is not "stable", abort these steps.

    The negotiation-needed flag will be updated once the state transitions to "stable", as part of the steps for setting an RTCSessionDescription.

  3. If the result of checking if negotiation is needed is false, clear the negotiation-needed flag by setting connection's [[\NegotiationNeeded]] slot to false, and abort these steps.

  4. If connection's [[\NegotiationNeeded]] slot is already true, abort these steps.

  5. Set connection's [[\NegotiationNeeded]] slot to true.

  6. Queue a task that runs the following steps:

    1. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

    2. If connection's [[\NegotiationNeeded]] slot is false, abort these steps.

    3. Fire a simple event named negotiationneeded at connection.

    This queueing prevents negotiationneeded from firing prematurely, in the common situation where multiple modifications to connection are being made at once.

To check if negotiation is needed for connection, perform the following checks:

  1. If any implementation-specific negotiation is required, as described at the start of this section, return true.

  2. Let description be connection.[[\CurrentLocalDescription]].

  3. If connection has created any RTCDataChannels, and no m= section in description has been negotiated yet for data, return true.

  4. For each transceiver in connection's set of transceivers, perform the following checks:

    1. If transceiver isn't stopped and isn't yet associated with an m= section in description, return true.

    2. If transceiver isn't stopped and is associated with an m= section in description then perform the following checks:

      1. If transceiver.[[\Direction]] is "sendrecv" or "sendonly", and the associated m= section in description either doesn't contain a single "a=msid" line, or the number of MSIDs from the "a=msid" lines in this m= section, or the MSID values themselves, differ from what is in transceiver.sender.[[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]], return true.

      2. If description is of type "offer", and the direction of the associated m= section in neither connection.[[\CurrentLocalDescription]] nor connection.[[\CurrentRemoteDescription]] matches transceiver.[[\Direction]], return true.

      3. If description is of type "answer", and the direction of the associated m= section in the description does not match transceiver.[[\Direction]] intersected with the offered direction (as described in [[!JSEP]]), return true.

    3. If transceiver is stopped and is associated with an m= section, but the associated m= section is not yet rejected in connection.[[\CurrentLocalDescription]] or connection.[[\CurrentRemoteDescription]], return true.

  5. If all the preceding checks were performed and true was not returned, nothing remains to be negotiated; return false.

Interfaces for Connectivity Establishment

RTCIceCandidate Interface

This interface describes an ICE candidate, described in [[!ICE]] Section 2. Other than candidate, sdpMid, sdpMLineIndex, and usernameFragment, the remaining attributes are derived from parsing the candidate member in candidateInitDict, if it is well formed.

          [ Constructor (optional RTCIceCandidateInit candidateInitDict), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCIceCandidate {
    readonly        attribute DOMString               candidate;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?              sdpMid;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short?         sdpMLineIndex;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?              foundation;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceComponent?        component;
    readonly        attribute unsigned long?          priority;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?              ip;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceProtocol?         protocol;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short?         port;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceCandidateType?    type;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceTcpCandidateType? tcpType;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?              relatedAddress;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short?         relatedPort;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?              usernameFragment;
    RTCIceCandidateInit toJSON();
};

Constructor

RTCIceCandidate

The RTCIceCandidate() constructor takes a dictionary argument, candidateInitDict, whose content is used to initialize the new RTCIceCandidate object.

When invoked, run the following steps:

  1. If both the sdpMid and sdpMLineIndex dictionary members in candidateInitDict are null, throw a TypeError.
  2. Let iceCandidate be a newly created RTCIceCandidate object.
  3. Initialize the following attributes of iceCandidate to null: foundation, component, priority, ip, protocol, port, type, tcpType, relatedAddress, and relatedPort.
  4. Set the candidate, sdpMid, sdpMLineIndex, usernameFragment attributes of iceCandidate with the corresponding dictionary member values of candidateInitDict.
  5. Let candidate be the candidate dictionary member of candidateInitDict. If candidate is not an empty string, run the following steps:
    1. Parse candidate using the candidate-attribute grammar.
    2. If parsing of candidate-attribute has failed, abort these steps.
    3. If any field in the parse result represents an invalid value for the corresponding attribute in iceCandidate, abort these steps.
    4. Set the corresponding attributes in iceCandidate to the field values of the parsed result.
  6. Return iceCandidate.

The constructor for RTCIceCandidate only does basic parsing and type checking for the dictionary members in candidateInitDict. Detailed validation on the well-formedness of candidate, sdpMid, sdpMLineIndex, usernameFragment with the corresponding session description is done when passing the RTCIceCandidate object to addIceCandidate().

To maintain backward compatibility, any error on parsing the candidate attribute is ignored. In such case, the candidate attribute holds the raw candidate string given in candidateInitDict, but derivative attributes such as foundation, priority, etc are set to null.

Attributes

Most attributes below are defined in section 15.1 of [[!ICE]].

candidate of type DOMString, readonly
This carries the candidate-attribute as defined in section 15.1 of [[!ICE]]. If this RTCIceCandidate represents an end-of-candidates indication, candidate is an empty string.
sdpMid of type DOMString, readonly, nullable
If not null, this contains the media stream "identification-tag" defined in [[!RFC5888]] for the media component this candidate is associated with.
sdpMLineIndex of type unsigned short, readonly, nullable
If not null, this indicates the index (starting at zero) of the media description in the SDP this candidate is associated with.
foundation of type DOMString, readonly, nullable
A unique identifier that allows ICE to correlate candidates that appear on multiple RTCIceTransports.
component of type RTCIceComponent, readonly, nullable
The assigned network component of the candidate (rtp or rtcp). This corresponds to the component-id field in candidate-attribute, decoded to the string representation as defined in RTCIceComponent.
priority of type unsigned long, readonly, nullable
The assigned priority of the candidate.
ip of type DOMString, readonly, nullable

The IP address of the candidate. This corresponds to the connection-address field in candidate-attribute.

The IP addresses exposed in candidates gathered via ICE and made visibile to the application in RTCIceCandidate instances can reveal more information about the device and the user (e.g. location, local network topology) than the user might have expected in a non-WebRTC enabled browser.

These IP addresses are always exposed to the application, and potentially exposed to the communicating party, and can be exposed without any specific user consent (e.g. for peer connections used with data channels, or to receive media only).

These IP addresses can also be used as temporary or persistent cross-origin states, and thus contribute to the fingerprinting surface of the device.

Applications can avoid exposing IP addresses to the communicating party, either temporarily or permanently, by forcing the ICE Agent to report only relay candidates via the iceTransportPolicy member of RTCConfiguration.

To limit the IP addresses exposed to the application itself, browsers can offer their users different policies regarding sharing local IP addresses, as defined in [[RTCWEB-IP-HANDLING]].

protocol of type RTCIceProtocol, readonly, nullable
The protocol of the candidate (udp/tcp). This corresponds to the transport field in candidate-attribute.
port of type unsigned short, readonly, nullable
The port of the candidate.
type of type RTCIceCandidateType, readonly, nullable
The type of the candidate. This corresponds to the candidate-types field in candidate-attribute.
tcpType of type RTCIceTcpCandidateType, readonly, nullable
If protocol is tcp, tcpType represents the type of TCP candidate. Otherwise, tcpType is null. This corresponds to the tcp-type field in candidate-attribute.
relatedAddress of type DOMString, readonly, nullable
For a candidate that is derived from another, such as a relay or reflexive candidate, the relatedAddress is the IP address of the candidate that it is derived from. For host candidates, the relatedAddress is null. This corresponds to the rel-address field in candidate-attribute.
relatedPort of type unsigned short, readonly, nullable
For a candidate that is derived from another, such as a relay or reflexive candidate, the relatedPort is the port of the candidate that it is derived from. For host candidates, the relatedPort is null. This corresponds to the rel-port field in candidate-attribute.
usernameFragment of type DOMString, readonly, nullable
This carries the ufrag as defined in section 15.4 of [[!ICE]].

Methods

toJSON()
To invoke the toJSON() operation of the RTCIceCandidate interface, run the following steps:
  1. Let json be a new RTCIceCandidateInit dictionary.
  2. For each attribute identifier attr in «"candidate", "sdpMid", "sdpMLineIndex", "usernameFragment"»:
    1. Let value be the result of getting the underlying value of the attribute identified by attr, given this RTCIceCandidate object.
    2. Set json[attr] to value.
  3. Return json.
dictionary RTCIceCandidateInit {
             DOMString       candidate = "";
             DOMString?      sdpMid = null;
             unsigned short? sdpMLineIndex = null;
             DOMString       usernameFragment;
};

Dictionary RTCIceCandidateInit Members

candidate of type DOMString, defaulting to ""
This carries the candidate-attribute as defined in section 15.1 of [[!ICE]]. If this represents an end-of-candidates indication, candidate is an empty string.
sdpMid of type DOMString, nullable, defaulting to null
If not null, this contains the media stream "identification-tag" defined in [[!RFC5888]] for the media component this candidate is associated with.
sdpMLineIndex of type unsigned short, nullable, defaulting to null
If not null, this indicates the index (starting at zero) of the media description in the SDP this candidate is associated with.
usernameFragment of type DOMString
This carries the ufrag as defined in section 15.4 of [[!ICE]].

candidate-attribute Grammar

The candidate-attribute grammar is used to parse the candidate member of candidateInitDict in the RTCIceCandidate() constructor.

The primary grammar for candidate-attribute is defined in section 15.1 of [[!ICE]]. In addition, the browser MUST support the grammar extension for ICE TCP as defined in section 4.5 of [[!RFC6544]].

The browser MAY support other grammar extensions for candidate-attribute as defined in other RFCs.

RTCIceProtocol Enum

The RTCIceProtocol represents the protocol of the ICE candidate.

enum RTCIceProtocol {
    "udp",
    "tcp"
};
Enumeration description
udp A UDP candidate, as described in [[!ICE]].
tcp A TCP candidate, as described in [[!RFC6544]].

RTCIceTcpCandidateType Enum

The RTCIceTcpCandidateType represents the type of the ICE TCP candidate, as defined in [[!RFC6544]].

enum RTCIceTcpCandidateType {
    "active",
    "passive",
    "so"
};
Enumeration description
active An active TCP candidate is one for which the transport will attempt to open an outbound connection but will not receive incoming connection requests.
passive A passive TCP candidate is one for which the transport will receive incoming connection attempts but not attempt a connection.
so An so candidate is one for which the transport will attempt to open a connection simultaneously with its peer.

The user agent will typically only gather active ICE TCP candidates.

RTCIceCandidateType Enum

The RTCIceCandidateType represents the type of the ICE candidate, as defined in [[!ICE]] section 15.1.

enum RTCIceCandidateType {
    "host",
    "srflx",
    "prflx",
    "relay"
};
Enumeration description
host A host candidate, as defined in Section 4.1.1.1 of [[!ICE]].
srflx A server reflexive candidate, as defined in Section 4.1.1.2 of [[!ICE]].
prflx A peer reflexive candidate, as defined in Section 4.1.1.2 of [[!ICE]].
relay A relay candidate, as defined in Section 7.1.3.2.1 of [[!ICE]].

RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent

The icecandidate event of the RTCPeerConnection uses the RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent interface.

Firing an ice candidate event named e with an RTCIceCandidate candidate means that an event with the name e, which does not bubble (except where otherwise stated) and is not cancelable (except where otherwise stated), and which uses the RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent interface with the candidate attribute set to the new ICE candidate, MUST be created and dispatched at the given target.

When firing an RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent event that contains an RTCIceCandidate object, it MUST include values for both sdpMid and sdpMLineIndex. If the RTCIceCandidate is of type srflx or type relay, the url property of the event MUST be set to the URL of the ICE server from which the candidate was obtained.

The icecandidate event is used for three different types of indications:
  • A candidate has been gathered. The candidate member of the event will be populated normally. It should be signaled to the remote peer and passed into addIceCandidate.

  • An RTCIceTransport has finished gathering a generation of candidates, and is providing an end-of-candidates indication as defined by Section 8.2 of [[TRICKLE-ICE]]. This is indicated by candidate.candidate being set to an empty string. The candidate object should be signaled to the remote peer and passed into addIceCandidate like a typical ICE candidate, in order to provide the end-of-candidates indication to the remote peer.

  • All RTCIceTransports have finished gathering candidates, and the RTCPeerConnection's RTCIceGatheringState has transitioned to "complete". This is indicated by the candidate member of the event being set to null. This only exists for backwards compatibility, and this event does not need to be signaled to the remote peer. It's equivalent to an "icegatheringstatechange" event with the "complete" state.

          [ Constructor (DOMString type, optional RTCPeerConnectionIceEventInit eventInitDict), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent : Event {
    readonly        attribute RTCIceCandidate? candidate;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?       url;
};

Constructors

RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent

Attributes

candidate of type RTCIceCandidate, readonly, nullable

The candidate attribute is the RTCIceCandidate object with the new ICE candidate that caused the event.

This attribute is set to null when an event is generated to indicate the end of candidate gathering.

Even where there are multiple media components, only one event containing a null candidate is fired.

url of type DOMString, readonly, nullable

The url attribute is the STUN or TURN URL that identifies the STUN or TURN server used to gather this candidate. If the candidate was not gathered from a STUN or TURN server, this parameter will be set to null.

          dictionary RTCPeerConnectionIceEventInit : EventInit {
             RTCIceCandidate? candidate;
             DOMString?       url;
};

Dictionary RTCPeerConnectionIceEventInit Members

candidate of type RTCIceCandidate, nullable

See the candidate attribute of the RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent interface.

url of type DOMString, nullable
The url attribute is the STUN or TURN URL that identifies the STUN or TURN server used to gather this candidate.

RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEvent

The icecandidateerror event of the RTCPeerConnection uses the RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEvent interface.

          [ Constructor (DOMString type, RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEventInit eventInitDict), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEvent : Event {
    readonly        attribute DOMString      hostCandidate;
    readonly        attribute DOMString      url;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short errorCode;
    readonly        attribute USVString      errorText;
};

Constructors

RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEvent

Attributes

hostCandidate of type DOMString, readonly

The hostCandidate attribute is the local IP address and port used to communicate with the STUN or TURN server.

On a multihomed system, multiple interfaces may be used to contact the server, and this attribute allows the application to figure out on which one the failure occurred.

If use of multiple interfaces has been prohibited for privacy reasons, this attribute will be set to 0.0.0.0:0 or [::]:0, as appropriate.

url of type DOMString, readonly

The url attribute is the STUN or TURN URL that identifies the STUN or TURN server for which the failure occurred.

errorCode of type unsigned short, readonly

The errorCode attribute is the numeric STUN error code returned by the STUN or TURN server [[STUN-PARAMETERS]].

If no host candidate can reach the server, errorCode will be set to the value 701 which is outside the STUN error code range. This error is only fired once per server URL while in the RTCIceGatheringState of "gathering".

errorText of type USVString, readonly

The errorText attribute is the STUN reason text returned by the STUN or TURN server [[STUN-PARAMETERS]].

If the server could not be reached, errorText will be set to an implementation-specific value providing details about the error.

          dictionary RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEventInit : EventInit {
             DOMString      hostCandidate;
             DOMString      url;
             required unsigned short errorCode;
             USVString      statusText;
};

Dictionary RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEventInit Members

hostCandidate of type DOMString

The local IP address and port used to communicate with the STUN or TURN server.

url of type DOMString

The STUN or TURN URL that identifies the STUN or TURN server for which the failure occurred.

errorCode of type unsigned short, required

The numeric STUN error code returned by the STUN or TURN server.

statusText of type USVString

The STUN reason text returned by the STUN or TURN server.

Priority and QoS Model

Many applications have multiple media flows of the same data type and often some of the flows are more important than others. WebRTC uses the priority and Quality of Service (QoS) framework described in [[!RTCWEB-TRANSPORT]] and [[!TSVWG-RTCWEB-QOS]] to provide priority and DSCP marking for packets that will help provide QoS in some networking environments. The priority setting can be used to indicate the relative priority of various flows. The priority API allows the JavaScript applications to tell the browser whether a particular media flow is high, medium, low or of very low importance to the application by setting the priority property of RTCRtpEncodingParameters objects to one of the following values.

RTCPriorityType Enum

enum RTCPriorityType {
    "very-low",
    "low",
    "medium",
    "high"
};
Enumeration description
very-low See [[!RTCWEB-TRANSPORT]], Section 4. Corresponds to "below normal" as defined in [[!RTCWEB-DATA]].
low See [[!RTCWEB-TRANSPORT]], Section 4. Corresponds to "normal" as defined in [[!RTCWEB-DATA]].
medium See [[!RTCWEB-TRANSPORT]], Section 4. Corresponds to "high" as defined in [[!RTCWEB-DATA]].
high See [[!RTCWEB-TRANSPORT]], Section 4. Corresponds to "extra high" as defined in [[!RTCWEB-DATA]].

Applications that use this API should be aware that often better overall user experience is obtained by lowering the priority of things that are not as important rather than raising the priority of the things that are.

Certificate Management

The certificates that RTCPeerConnection instances use to authenticate with peers use the RTCCertificate interface. These objects can be explicitly generated by applications using the generateCertificate method and can be provided in the RTCConfiguration when constructing a new RTCPeerConnection instance.

The explicit certificate management functions provided here are optional. If an application does not provide the certificates configuration option when constructing an RTCPeerConnection a new set of certificates MUST be generated by the user agent. That set MUST include an ECDSA certificate with a private key on the P-256 curve and a signature with a SHA-256 hash.

partial interface RTCPeerConnection {
    static Promise<RTCCertificate> generateCertificate (AlgorithmIdentifier keygenAlgorithm);
};

Methods

generateCertificate, static

The generateCertificate function causes the user agent to create and store an X.509 certificate [[!X509V3]] and corresponding private key. A handle to information is provided in the form of the RTCCertificate interface. The returned RTCCertificate can be used to control the certificate that is offered in the DTLS sessions established by RTCPeerConnection.

The keygenAlgorithm argument is used to control how the private key associated with the certificate is generated. The keygenAlgorithm argument uses the WebCrypto [[!WebCryptoAPI]] AlgorithmIdentifier type. The keygenAlgorithm value MUST be a valid argument to window.crypto.subtle.generateKey; that is, the value MUST produce a non-error result when normalized according to the WebCrypto algorithm normalization process [[!WebCryptoAPI]] with an operation name of generateKey and a [[supportedAlgorithms]] value specific to production of certificates for RTCPeerConnection. If the algorithm normalization process produces an error, the call to generateCertificate MUST be rejected with that error.

Signatures produced by the generated key are used to authenticate the DTLS connection. The identified algorithm (as identified by the name of the normalized AlgorithmIdentifier) MUST be an asymmetric algorithm that can be used to produce a signature.

The certificate produced by this process also contains a signature. The validity of this signature is only relevant for compatibility reasons. Only the public key and the resulting certificate fingerprint are used by RTCPeerConnection, but it is more likely that a certificate will be accepted if the certificate is well formed. The browser selects the algorithm used to sign the certificate; a browser SHOULD select SHA-256 [[!FIPS-180-4]] if a hash algorithm is needed.

The resulting certificate MUST NOT include information that can be linked to a user or user agent. Randomized values for distinguished name and serial number SHOULD be used.

A user agent MUST reject a call to generateCertificate() with a DOMException of type NotSupportedError if the keygenAlgorithm parameter identifies an algorithm that the user agent cannot or will not use to generate a certificate for RTCPeerConnection.

The following values MUST be supported by a user agent: { name: "RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5", modulusLength: 2048, publicExponent: new Uint8Array([1, 0, 1]), hash: "SHA-256" }, and { name: "ECDSA", namedCurve: "P-256" }.

It is expected that a user agent will have a small or even fixed set of values that it will accept.

RTCCertificateExpiration Dictionary

RTCCertificateExpiration is used to set an expiration date on certificates generated by generateCertificate.

dictionary RTCCertificateExpiration {
    [EnforceRange]
    DOMTimeStamp expires;
};
expires

An optional expires attribute MAY be added to the definition of the algorithm that is passed to generateCertificate. If this parameter is present it indicates the maximum time that the RTCCertificate is valid for relative to the current time.

When generateCertificate is called with an object argument, the user agent attempts to convert the object into an RTCCertificateExpiration. If this is unsuccessful, immediately return a promise that is rejected with a newly created TypeError and abort processing.

A user agent generates a certificate that has an expiration date set to the current time plus the value of the expires attribute. The expires attribute of the returned RTCCertificate is set to the expiration time of the certificate. A user agent MAY choose to limit the value of the expires attribute.

RTCCertificate Interface

The RTCCertificate interface represents a certificate used to authenticate WebRTC communications. In addition to the visible properties, internal slots contain a handle to the generated private keying materal ([[\KeyingMaterial]]), a certificate ([[\Certificate]]]]) that RTCPeerConnection uses to authenticate with a peer, and the origin ([[\Origin]]) that created the object.

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCCertificate {
    readonly        attribute DOMTimeStamp expires;
    static sequence<AlgorithmIdentifier> getSupportedAlgorithms();
    sequence<RTCDtlsFingerprint> getFingerprints ();
};

Attributes

expires of type DOMTimeStamp, readonly

The expires attribute indicates the date and time in milliseconds relative to 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z after which the certificate will be considered invalid by the browser. After this time, attempts to construct an RTCPeerConnection using this certificate fail.

Note that this value might not be reflected in a notAfter parameter in the certificate itself.

Methods

getSupportedAlgorithms

Returns a sequence providing a representative set of supported certificate algorithms. At least one algorithm MUST be returned.

For example, the "RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5" algorithm dictionary, RsaHashedKeyGenParams, contains fields for the modulus length, public exponent, and hash algorithm. Implementations are likely to support a wide range of modulus lengths and exponents, but a finite number of hash algorithms. So in this case, it would be reasonable for the implementation to return one AlgorithmIdentifier for each supported hash algorithm that can be used with RSA, using default/recommended values for modulusLength and publicExponent (such as 1024 and 65537, respectively).

getFingerprints

Returns the list of certificate fingerprints, one of which is computed with the digest algorithm used in the certificate signature.

For the purposes of this API, the [[\Certificate]] slot contains unstructured binary data. No mechanism is provided for applications to access the [[\KeyingMaterial]] internal slot. Implementations MUST support applications storing and retrieving RTCCertificate objects from persistent storage. In implementations where an RTCCertificate might not directly hold private keying material (it might be stored in a secure module), a reference to the private key can be held in the [[\KeyingMaterial]] internal slot, allowing the private key to be stored and used.

When a user agent is required to obtain a structured clone [[!HTML51]] of an RTCCertificate object, it performs the following steps:

  1. Let input and memory be the corresponding inputs defined by the internal structured cloning algorithm, where input represents an RTCCertificate object to be cloned.
  2. Let output be a newly constructed RTCCertificate object.
  3. Copy the value of the expires attribute from input to output.
  4. Let the [[\Certificate]] internal slot of output be set to the result of invoking the internal structured clone algorithm recursively on the corresponding internal slots of input, with the slot contents as the new "input" argument and memory as the new "memory" argument.
  5. Let the [[\KeyingMaterial]] internal slot of output refer to the same private keying material represented by the [[\KeyingMaterial]] internal slot of input.
  6. Let the [[\Origin]] internal slot of output be a copy of the [[\Origin]] internal slot of input.

Supporting structured cloning in this manner allows RTCCertificate instances to be persisted to stores. It also allows instances to be passed to other origins using APIs like postMessage [[!webmessaging]]. However, the object cannot be used by any other origin than the one that originally created it.

RTP Media API

The RTP media API lets a web application send and receive MediaStreamTracks over a peer-to-peer connection. Tracks, when added to an RTCPeerConnection, result in signaling; when this signaling is forwarded to a remote peer, it causes corresponding tracks to be created on the remote side.

When sending media, the sender may need to rescale or resample the media to meet various requirements including the envelope negotiated by SDP.

Following the rules in [[!JSEP]], the video MAY be downscaled in order to fit the SDP constraints. The media MUST NOT be upscaled to create fake data that did not occur in the input source, the media MUST NOT be cropped except as needed to satisfy constraints on pixel counts, and the aspect ratio MUST NOT be changed.

The WebRTC Working Group is seeking implementation feedback on the need and timeline for a more complex handling of this situation. Some possible designs have been discussed in GitHub issue 1283.

When video is rescaled, for example for certain combinations of width or height and scaleResolutionDownBy values, situations when the resulting width or height is not an integer may occur. In such situations the user agent MUST use the integer part of the result. What to transmit if the integer part of the scaled width or height is zero is implementation-specific.

The actual encoding and transmission of MediaStreamTracks is managed through objects called RTCRtpSenders. Similarly, the reception and decoding of MediaStreamTracks is managed through objects called RTCRtpReceivers. Each RTCRtpSender is associated with at most one track, and each track to be received is associated with exactly one RTCRtpReceiver.

The encoding and transmission of each MediaStreamTrack SHOULD be made such that its characteristics (width, height and frameRate for video tracks; volume, sampleSize, sampleRate and channelCount for audio tracks) are to a reasonable degree retained by the track created on the remote side. There are situations when this does not apply, there may for example be resource constraints at either endpoint or in the network or there may be RTCRtpSender settings applied that instruct the implementation to act differently.

An RTCPeerConnection object contains a set of RTCRtpTransceivers, representing the paired senders and receivers with some shared state. This set is initialized to the empty set when the RTCPeerConnection object is created. RTCRtpSenders and RTCRtpReceivers are always created at the same time as an RTCRtpTransceiver, which they will remain attached to for their lifetime. RTCRtpTransceivers are created implicitly when the application attaches a MediaStreamTrack to an RTCPeerConnection via the addTrack method, or explicitly when the application uses the addTransceiver method. They are also created when a remote description is applied that includes a new media description. Additionally, when a remote description is applied that indicates the remote endpoint has media to send, the relevant MediaStreamTrack and RTCRtpReceiver are surfaced to the application via the track event.

RTCPeerConnection Interface Extensions

The RTP media API extends the RTCPeerConnection interface as described below.

partial interface RTCPeerConnection {
    sequence<RTCRtpSender>      getSenders ();
    sequence<RTCRtpReceiver>    getReceivers ();
    sequence<RTCRtpTransceiver> getTransceivers ();
    RTCRtpSender                addTrack (MediaStreamTrack track, MediaStream... streams);
    void                        removeTrack (RTCRtpSender sender);
    RTCRtpTransceiver           addTransceiver ((MediaStreamTrack or DOMString) trackOrKind, optional RTCRtpTransceiverInit init);
                    attribute EventHandler ontrack;
};

Attributes

ontrack of type EventHandler

The event type of this event handler is track.

Methods

getSenders

Returns a sequence of RTCRtpSender objects representing the RTP senders that are currently attached to this RTCPeerConnection object.

The getSenders method MUST return the result of executing the CollectSenders algorithm.

We define the CollectSenders algorithm as follows:

  1. Let transceivers be the result of executing the CollectTransceivers algorithm.
  2. Let senders be a new empty sequence.
  3. For each transceiver in transceivers,
    1. Let sender be transceiver's [[\Sender]].
    2. Add sender to senders.
  4. Return senders.
getReceivers

Returns a sequence of RTCRtpReceiver objects representing the RTP receivers that are currently attached to this RTCPeerConnection object.

The getReceivers method MUST return the result of executing the CollectReceivers algorithm.

We define the CollectReceivers algorithm as follows:

  1. Let transceivers be the result of executing the CollectTransceivers algorithm.
  2. Let receivers be a new empty sequence.
  3. For each transceiver in transceivers,
    1. Let receiver be transceiver's [[\Receiver]].
    2. Add receiver to receivers.
  4. Return receivers.
getTransceivers

Returns a sequence of RTCRtpTransceiver objects representing the RTP transceivers that are currently attached to this RTCPeerConnection object.

The getTransceivers method MUST return the result of executing the CollectTransceivers algorithm.

We define the CollectTransceivers algorithm as follows:

  1. Let transceivers be a new sequence consisting of all RTCRtpTransceiver objects in this RTCPeerConnection object's set of transceivers, in insertion order.
  2. Return transceivers.
addTrack

Adds a new track to the RTCPeerConnection, and indicates that it is contained in the specified MediaStreams.

When the addTrack method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which this method was invoked.

  2. Let track be the MediaStreamTrack object indicated by the method's first argument.

  3. Let kind be track.kind.

  4. Let streams be a list of MediaStream objects constructed from the method's remaining arguments, or an empty list if the method was called with a single argument.

  5. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  6. Let senders be the result of executing the CollectSenders algorithm. If an RTCRtpSender for track already exists in senders, throw an InvalidAccessError.

  7. The steps below describe how to determine if an existing sender can be reused. Doing so will cause future calls to createOffer and createAnswer to mark the corresponding media description as sendrecv or sendonly and add the MSID of the track added, as defined in [[!JSEP]].

    If any RTCRtpSender object in senders matches all the following criteria, let sender be that object, or null otherwise:

  8. If sender is not null, run the following steps to use that sender:

    1. Set sender's [[\SenderTrack]] to track.

    2. Set sender's [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] to an empty set.

    3. For each stream in streams, add stream.id to [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] if it's not already there.

    4. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver associated with sender.

    5. If transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot is recvonly, set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to sendrecv.

    6. If transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot is inactive, set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to sendonly.

  9. If sender is null, run the following steps:

    1. Create an RTCRtpSender with track, kind and streams, and let sender be the result.

    2. Create an RTCRtpReceiver with kind, and let receiver be the result.

    3. Create an RTCRtpTransceiver with sender, receiver and an RTCRtpTransceiverDirection value of sendrecv, and let transceiver be the result.

    4. Add transceiver to connection's set of transceivers

  10. A track could have contents that are inaccessible to the application. This can be due to being marked with a peerIdentity option or anything that would make a track CORS cross-origin. These tracks can be supplied to the addTrack method, and have an RTCRtpSender created for them, but content MUST NOT be transmitted, unless they are also marked with peerIdentity and they meet the requirements for sending (see isolated streams and RTCPeerConnection).

    All other tracks that are not accessible to the application MUST NOT be sent to the peer, with silence (audio), black frames (video) or equivalently absent content being sent in place of track content.

    Note that this property can change over time.

  11. Update the negotiation-needed flag for connection.

  12. Return sender.

removeTrack

Stops sending media from sender. The RTCRtpSender will still appear in getSenders. Doing so will cause future calls to createOffer to mark the media description for the corresponding transceiver as recvonly or inactive, as defined in [[!JSEP]].

When the other peer stops sending a track in this manner, the track is removed from any remote MediaStreams that were initially revealed in the track event, and if the MediaStreamTrack is not already muted, a muted event is fired at the track.

When the removeTrack method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let sender be the argument to removeTrack.

  2. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the method was invoked.

  3. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  4. If sender was not created by connection, throw an InvalidAccessError.

  5. Let senders be the result of executing the CollectSenders algorithm.

  6. If sender is not in senders (which indicates that it was removed due to setting an RTCSessionDescription of type "rollback"), then abort these steps.

  7. If sender's [[\SenderTrack]] is null, abort these steps.

  8. Set sender's [[\SenderTrack]] to null.

  9. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver object corresponding to sender.

  10. If transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot is sendrecv, set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to recvonly.

  11. If transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot is sendonly, set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to inactive.

  12. Update the negotiation-needed flag for connection.

addTransceiver

Create a new RTCRtpTransceiver and add it to the set of transceivers.

Adding a transceiver will cause future calls to createOffer to add a media description for the corresponding transceiver, as defined in [[!JSEP]].

The initial value of mid is null. Setting a new RTCSessionDescription may change it to a non-null value, as defined in [[!JSEP]].

The sendEncodings argument can be used to specify the number of offered simulcast encodings, and optionally their RIDs and encoding parameters.

When this method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let init be the second argument.

  2. Let streams be init's streams member.

  3. Let sendEncodings be init's sendEncodings member.

  4. Let direction be init's direction member.

  5. If the first argument is a string, let it be kind and run the following steps:

    1. If kind is not a legal MediaStreamTrack kind, throw a TypeError.

    2. Let track be null.

  6. If the first argument is a MediaStreamTrack, let it be track and let kind be track.kind.

  7. Verify that each rid value in sendEncodings is composed only of alphanumeric characters (a-z, A-Z, 0-9) up to a maximum of 16 characters. If one of the RIDs does not meet these requirements, throw a TypeError.

  8. If any RTCRtpEncodingParameters dictionary in sendEncodings contains a read-only parameter other than rid, throw an InvalidAccessError.

  9. Verify that each scaleResolutionDownBy value in sendEncodings is greater than or equal to 1.0. If one of the scaleResolutionDownBy values does not meet this requirement, throw a RangeError.

  10. Create an RTCRtpSender with track, kind, streams and sendEncodings and let sender be the result.

    If sendEncodings is set, then subsequent calls to createOffer will be configured to send multiple RTP encodings as defined in [[!JSEP]]. When setRemoteDescription is called with a corresponding remote description that is able to receive multiple RTP encodings as defined in [[!JSEP]], the RTCRtpSender may send multiple RTP encodings and the parameters retrieved via the transceiver's sender.getParameters() will reflect the encodings negotiated.

  11. Create an RTCRtpReceiver with kind and let receiver be the result. This specification does not define how to configure createOffer to receive multiple RTP encodings. However when setRemoteDescription is called with a corresponding remote description that is able to send multiple RTP encodings as defined in [[!JSEP]], the RTCRtpReceiver may receive multiple RTP encodings and the parameters retrieved via the transceiver's receiver.getParameters() will reflect the encodings negotiated.

    Support for the encodings attribute of RTCRtpReceiveParameters is marked as a feature at risk, since there is no clear commitment from implementers.

  12. Create an RTCRtpTransceiver with sender, receiver and direction, and let transceiver be the result.

  13. Add transceiver to connection's set of transceivers

  14. Update the negotiation-needed flag for connection.

  15. Return transceiver.

dictionary RTCRtpTransceiverInit {
             RTCRtpTransceiverDirection         direction = "sendrecv";
             sequence<MediaStream>              streams = [];
             sequence<RTCRtpEncodingParameters> sendEncodings = [];
};

Dictionary RTCRtpTransceiverInit Members

direction of type RTCRtpTransceiverDirection, defaulting to "sendrecv"
The direction of the RTCRtpTransceiver.
streams of type sequence<MediaStream>

When the remote PeerConnection's track event fires corresponding to the RTCRtpReceiver being added, these are the streams that will be put in the event.

sendEncodings of type sequence<RTCRtpEncodingParameters>

A sequence containing parameters for sending RTP encodings of media.

enum RTCRtpTransceiverDirection {
    "sendrecv",
    "sendonly",
    "recvonly",
    "inactive"
};
RTCRtpTransceiverDirection Enumeration description
sendrecv The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpSender sender will offer to send RTP, and will send RTP if the remote peer accepts and sender.getParameters().encodings[i].active is true for any value of i. The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpReceiver will offer to receive RTP, and will receive RTP if the remote peer accepts.
sendonly The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpSender sender will offer to send RTP, and will send RTP if the remote peer accepts and sender.getParameters().encodings[i].active is true for any value of i. The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpReceiver will not offer to receive RTP, and will not receive RTP.
recvonly The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpSender will not offer to send RTP, and will not send RTP. The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpReceiver will offer to receive RTP, and will receive RTP if the remote peer accepts.
inactive The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpSender will not offer to send RTP, and will not send RTP. The RTCRtpTransceiver's RTCRtpReceiver will not offer to receive RTP, and will not receive RTP.

Processing Remote MediaStreamTracks

An application can reject incoming media descriptions by calling RTCRtpTransceiver.stop() to stop both directions, or set the transceiver's direction to "sendonly" to reject only the incoming side.

To process the addition of a remote track for an incoming media description [[!JSEP]] given RTCRtpTransceiver transceiver, addList, and trackEvents, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let receiver be transceiver's [[\Receiver]].

  2. Let msids be a list of the MSIDs that the media description indicates track is to be associated with.

  3. Let removeList be an empty list.

  4. Set the associated remote streams given receiver, msids, addList, and removeList.

  5. Let track be receiver's [[\ReceiverTrack]].

  6. Let streams be receiver's [[\AssociatedRemoteMediaStreams]] slot.

  7. Add a new RTCTrackEvent with receiver, track, streams and transceiver to trackEvents.

To process the removal of a remote track for an incoming media description [[!JSEP]] given RTCRtpTransceiver transceiver, removeList, and muteTracks, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let receiver be transceiver's [[\Receiver]].

  2. Let msids and addList be empty lists.

  3. Set the associated remote streams, given receiver, msids, addList, and removeList.

  4. Let track be receiver's [[\ReceiverTrack]].

  5. If track.muted is false, add track to muteTracks.

To set the associated remote streams given RTCRtpReceiver receiver, msids, addList, and removeList, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with receiver.

  2. For each MSID in msids, unless a MediaStream object has previously been created with that id for this connection, create a MediaStream object with that id.

  3. Let streams be a list of the MediaStream objects created for this connection with the ids corresponding to msids.

  4. Let track be receiver's [[\ReceiverTrack]].

  5. For each stream in receiver's [[\AssociatedRemoteMediaStreams]] that is not present in streams, add stream and track as a pair to removeList.

  6. For each stream in streams that is not present in receiver's [[\AssociatedRemoteMediaStreams]], add stream and track as a pair to addList.

  7. Set receiver's [[\AssociatedRemoteMediaStreams]] slot to streams.

RTCRtpSender Interface

The RTCRtpSender interface allows an application to control how a given MediaStreamTrack is encoded and transmitted to a remote peer. When setParameters is called on an RTCRtpSender object, the encoding is changed appropriately.

To create an RTCRtpSender with a MediaStreamTrack, track, a string, kind, a list of MediaStream objects, streams, and optionally a list of RTCRtpEncodingParameters objects, sendEncodings, run the following steps:

  1. Let sender be a new RTCRtpSender object.

  2. Let sender have a [[\SenderTrack]] internal slot initialized to track.

  3. Let sender have a [[\SenderTransport]] internal slot initialized to null.

  4. Let sender have a [[\Dtmf]] internal slot initialized to null.

  5. If kind is "audio" then create an RTCDTMFSender dtmf and set the [[\Dtmf]] internal slot to dtmf.

  6. Let sender have a [[\SenderRtcpTransport]] internal slot initialized to null.

  7. Let sender have an [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] internal slot, representing a list of Ids of MediaStream objects that this sender is to be associated with. The [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] slot is used when sender is represented in SDP as described in [[!JSEP]].

  8. Set sender's [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] to an empty set.

  9. For each stream in streams, add stream.id to [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] if it's not already there.

  10. Let sender have a [[\SendEncodings]] internal slot, representing a list of RTCRtpEncodingParameters dictionaries.

  11. If sendEncodings is given as input to this algorithm, and is non-empty, set the [[\SendEncodings]] slot to sendEncodings. Otherwise, set it to a list containing a single RTCRtpEncodingParameters with active set to true.

    Providing a single, default RTCRtpEncodingParameters allows the application to set encoding parameters using setParameters, even when simulcast isn't used.
  12. Let maxN be the maximum number of total simultaneous encodings the user agent may support for this kind, at minimum 1.This should be an optimistic number since the codec to be used is not known yet.

  13. If the number of RTCRtpEncodingParameters stored in [[\SendEncodings]] exceeds maxN, then trim [[\SendEncodings]] from the tail until its length is maxN.

  14. If the number of RTCRtpEncodingParameters now stored in [[\SendEncodings]] is 1, then remove any rid member from the lone entry.

  15. Let sender have a [[\LastReturnedParameters]] internal slot, which will be used to match getParameters and setParameters transactions.

  16. Return sender.

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCRtpSender {
    readonly        attribute MediaStreamTrack? track;
    readonly        attribute RTCDtlsTransport?  transport;
    readonly        attribute RTCDtlsTransport? rtcpTransport;
    static RTCRtpCapabilities getCapabilities (DOMString kind);
    Promise<void>             setParameters (RTCRtpSendParameters parameters);
    RTCRtpSendParameters          getParameters ();
    Promise<void>             replaceTrack (MediaStreamTrack? withTrack);
    void                            setStreams(MediaStream... streams);
    Promise<RTCStatsReport>   getStats();
};

Attributes

track of type MediaStreamTrack, readonly, nullable

The track attribute is the track that is associated with this RTCRtpSender object. If track is ended, or if the track's output is disabled, i.e. the track is disabled and/or muted, the RTCRtpSender MUST send silence (audio), black frames (video) or a zero-information-content equivalent. In the case of video, the RTCRtpSender SHOULD send one black frame per second. If track is null then the RTCRtpSender does not send. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\SenderTrack]] slot.

transport of type RTCDtlsTransport, readonly, nullable

The transport attribute is the transport over which media from track is sent in the form of RTP packets. Prior to construction of the RTCDtlsTransport object, the transport attribute will be null. When bundling is used, multiple RTCRtpSender objects will share one transport and will all send RTP and RTCP over the same transport.

On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\SenderTransport]] slot.

rtcpTransport of type RTCDtlsTransport, readonly, nullable

The rtcpTransport attribute is the transport over which RTCP is sent and received. Prior to construction of the RTCDtlsTransport object, the rtcpTransport attribute will be null. When RTCP mux is used (or bundling, which mandates RTCP mux), rtcpTransport will be null, and both RTP and RTCP traffic will flow over the transport described by transport.

On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\SenderRtcpTransport]] slot.

Methods

getCapabilities, static

The getCapabilities() method returns the most optimistic view of the capabilities of the system for sending media of the given kind. It does not reserve any resources, ports, or other state but is meant to provide a way to discover the types of capabilities of the browser including which codecs may be supported. User agents MUST support kind values of "audio" and "video". If the system has no capabilities corresponding to the value of the kind argument, getCapabilities returns null.

These capabilities provide generally persistent cross-origin information on the device and thus increases the fingerprinting surface of the application. In privacy-sensitive contexts, browsers can consider mitigations such as reporting only a common subset of the capabilities.

setParameters

The setParameters method updates how track is encoded and transmitted to a remote peer.

When the setParameters method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let parameters be the method's first argument.
  2. Let sender be the RTCRtpSender object on which setParameters is invoked.
  3. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver object associated with sender (i.e. sender is transceiver's [[\Sender]]).
  4. Let N be the number of RTCRtpEncodingParameters stored in sender's internal [[\SendEncodings]] slot.
  5. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.
  6. If sender's [[\LastReturnedParameters]] internal slot is null, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.
  7. If any of the following conditions are met, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidModificationError:
    1. parameters.encodings.length is different from N.
    2. parameters.encodings has been re-ordered.
    3. Any parameter in parameters is marked as a Read-only parameter and has a value that is different from the corresponding parameter value in sender's [[\LastReturnedParameters]] internal slot. Note that this also applies to transactionId.
  8. For each value of i from 0 to the number of encodings, check whether parameters.encodings[i].codecPayloadType (if set) corresponds to a value of parameters.codecs[j].payloadType where j goes from 0 to the number of codecs. If there is no correspondence, or if the MIME subtype portion of parameters.codecs[j].mimeType is equal to "red", "cn", "telephone-event", "rtx" or a forward error correction codec ("ulpfec" [[RFC5109]] or "flexfec" [[FLEXFEC]]), reject p with a newly created InvalidAccessError.

  9. If the scaleResolutionDownBy parameter in the parameters argument has a value less than 1.0, return a promise rejected with a newly created RangeError.
  10. Let p be a new promise.
  11. In parallel, configure the media stack to use parameters to transmit sender's [[\SenderTrack]].
    1. If the media stack is successfully configured with parameters, queue a task to run the following steps:
      1. Set sender's internal [[\LastReturnedParameters]] slot to null.
      2. Set sender's internal [[\SendEncodings]] slot to parameters.encodings.
      3. Resolve p with undefined.
    2. If any error occurred while configuring the media stack, queue a task to run the following steps:
      1. If an error occurred due to hardware resources not being available, reject p with a newly created RTCError whose errorDetail is set to "hardware-encoder-not-available" and abort these steps.
      2. If an error occurred due to a hardware encoder not supporting parameters, reject p with a newly created RTCError whose errorDetail is set to "hardware-encoder-error" and abort these steps.
      3. For all other errors, reject p with a newly created OperationError.
  12. Return p.

If the application selects a codec via codecPayloadType, and this codec is removed from a subsequent offer/answer negotiation, codecPayloadType will be unset in the next call to getParameters, and the implementation will fall back to its default codec selection policy until a new codec is selected.

setParameters does not cause SDP renegotiation and can only be used to change what the media stack is sending or receiving within the envelope negotiated by Offer/Answer. The attributes in the RTCRtpSendParameters dictionary are designed to not enable this, so attributes like cname that cannot be changed are read-only. Other things, like bitrate, are controlled using limits such as maxBitrate, where the user agent needs to ensure it does not exceed the maximum bitrate specified by maxBitrate, while at the same time making sure it satisfies constraints on bitrate specified in other places such as the SDP.

getParameters

The getParameters() method returns the RTCRtpSender object's current parameters for how track is encoded and transmitted to a remote RTCRtpReceiver.

When getParameters is called, the RTCRtpSendParameters dictionary is constructed as follows:

  • transactionId is set to a new unique identifier, used to match this getParameters call to a setParameters call that may occur later.
  • encodings is set to the value of the [[\SendEncodings]] internal slot.
  • The headerExtensions sequence is populated based on the header extensions that have been negotiated for sending.
  • The codecs sequence is populated based on the codecs that have been negotiated for sending, and which the user agent is currently capable of sending.
  • rtcp.cname is set to the CNAME of the associated RTCPeerConnection. rtcp.reducedSize is set to true if reduced-size RTCP has been negotiated for sending, and false otherwise.
  • degradationPreference is set to the last value passed into setParameters, or the default value of "balanced" if setParameters hasn't been called.

The returned RTCRtpSendParameters dictionary MUST be stored in the RTCRtpSender object's [[\LastReturnedParameters]] internal slot.

getParameters may be used with setParameters to change the parameters in the following way:

async function updateParameters() {
  try {
    const params = sender.getParameters();
    // ... make changes to parameters
    params.encodings[0].active = false;
    await sender.setParameters(params);
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
}
              

After a completed call to setParameters, subsequent calls to getParameters will return the modified set of parameters.

replaceTrack

Attempts to replace the RTCRtpSender's current track with another track provided (or with a null track), without renegotiation.

To avoid track identifiers changing on the remote receiving end when a track is replaced, the sender MUST retain the original track identifier and stream associations and use these in subsequent negotiations.

When the replaceTrack method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let sender be the RTCRtpSender object on which replaceTrack is invoked.

  2. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver object associated with sender.

  3. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with sender.

  4. Let withTrack be the argument to this method.

  5. If withTrack is non-null and withTrack.kind differs from the transceiver kind of transceiver, return a promise rejected with a newly created TypeError.

  6. Return the result of enqueuing the following steps to connection's operation queue:

    1. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidStateError.

    2. Let p be a new promise.

    3. Let sending be true if the transceiver's [[\CurrentDirection]] is "sendrecv" or "sendonly", and false otherwise.

    4. Run the following steps in parallel:

      1. If sending is true, and withTrack is null, have the sender stop sending.

      2. If sending is true, and withTrack is not null, determine if withTrack can be sent immediately by the sender without violating the sender's already-negotiated envelope, and if it cannot, then reject p with a newly created InvalidModificationError, and abort these steps.

      3. If sending is true, and withTrack is not null, have the sender switch seamlessly to transmitting withTrack instead of the sender's existing track.

      4. Queue a task that runs the following steps:

        1. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, abort these steps.

        2. Set sender's track attribute to withTrack.

        3. Resolve p with undefined.

    5. Return p.

Changing dimensions and/or frame rates might not require negotiation. Cases that may require negotiation include:

  1. Changing a resolution to a value outside of the negotiated imageattr bounds, as described in [[!RFC6236]].
  2. Changing a frame rate to a value that causes the block rate for the codec to be exceeded.
  3. A video track differing in raw vs. pre-encoded format.
  4. An audio track having a different number of channels.
  5. Sources that also encode (typically hardware encoders) might be unable to produce the negotiated codec; similarly, software sources might not implement the codec that was negotiated for an encoding source.
setStreams

Sets the MediaStreams to be associated with this sender's track.

When the setStreams method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let sender be the RTCRtpSender object on which this method was invoked.

  2. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which this method was invoked.

  3. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  4. Let streams be a list of MediaStream objects constructed from the method's arguments, or an empty list if the method was called without arguments.

  5. Set sender's [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] to an empty set.

  6. For each stream in streams, add stream.id to [[\AssociatedMediaStreamIds]] if it's not already there.

  7. Update the negotiation-needed flag for connection.

getStats

Gathers stats for this sender only and reports the result asynchronously.

When the getStats() method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let selector be the RTCRtpSender object on which the method was invoked.

  2. Let p be a new promise, and run the following steps in parallel:

    1. Gather the stats indicated by selector according to the stats selection algorithm.

    2. Resolve p with the resulting RTCStatsReport object, containing the gathered stats.

  3. Return p.

RTCRtpParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpParameters {
             required sequence<RTCRtpHeaderExtensionParameters> headerExtensions;
             required RTCRtcpParameters                         rtcp;
             required sequence<RTCRtpCodecParameters>           codecs;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpParameters Members

headerExtensions of type sequence<RTCRtpHeaderExtensionParameters>, required

A sequence containing parameters for RTP header extensions. Read-only parameter.

rtcp of type RTCRtcpParameters, required

Parameters used for RTCP. Read-only parameter.

codecs of type sequence<RTCRtpCodecParameters>, required

A sequence containing the media codecs that an RTCRtpSender will choose from, as well as entries for RTX, RED and FEC mechanisms. Corresponding to each media codec where retransmission via RTX is enabled, there will be an entry in codecs[] with a mimeType attribute indicating retransmission via "audio/rtx" or "video/rtx", and an sdpFmtpLine attribute (providing the "apt" and "rtx-time" parameters). Read-only parameter.

RTCRtpSendParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpSendParameters : RTCRtpParameters {
             required DOMString             transactionId;
             required sequence<RTCRtpEncodingParameters>  encodings;
             RTCDegradationPreference       degradationPreference = "balanced";
};

Dictionary RTCRtpSendParameters Members

transactionId of type DOMString, required

An unique identifier for the last set of parameters applied. Ensures that setParameters can only be called based on a previous getParameters, and that there are no intervening changes. Read-only parameter.

encodings of type sequence<RTCRtpEncodingParameters>, required

A sequence containing parameters for RTP encodings of media.

degradationPreference of type RTCDegradationPreference, defaulting to "balanced"

When bandwidth is constrained and the RtpSender needs to choose between degrading resolution or degrading framerate, degradationPreference indicates which is preferred.

RTCRtpReceiveParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpReceiveParameters : RTCRtpParameters {
             required sequence<RTCRtpDecodingParameters>  encodings;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpReceiveParameters Members

encodings of type sequence<RTCRtpDecodingParameters>, required

A sequence containing information about incoming RTP encodings of media.

RTCRtpCodingParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpCodingParameters {
             DOMString           rid;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpCodingParameters Members

rid of type DOMString

If set, this RTP encoding will be sent with the RID header extension as defined by [[!JSEP]]. The RID is not modifiable via setParameters. It can only be set or modified in addTransceiver on the sending side. Read-only parameter.

RTCRtpDecodingParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpDecodingParameters : RTCRtpCodingParameters {
};

RTCRtpEncodingParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpEncodingParameters : RTCRtpCodingParameters {
             octet               codecPayloadType;
             RTCDtxStatus        dtx;
             boolean             active = true;
             RTCPriorityType     priority = "low";
             unsigned long       ptime;
             unsigned long       maxBitrate;
             double              maxFramerate;
             double              scaleResolutionDownBy;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpEncodingParameters Members

codecPayloadType of type octet

Used to select a codec to be sent. Must reference a payload type from the codecs member of RTCRtpParameters. If left unset, the implementation will select a codec according to its default policy.

dtx of type RTCDtxStatus

This member is only used if the sender's kind is "audio". It indicates whether discontinuous transmission will be used. Setting it to disabled causes discontinuous transmission to be turned off. Setting it to enabled causes discontinuous transmission to be turned on if it was negotiated (either via a codec-specific parameter or via negotiation of the CN codec); if it was not negotiated (such as when setting voiceActivityDetection to false), then discontinuous operation will be turned off regardless of the value of dtx, and media will be sent even when silence is detected.

active of type boolean, defaulting to true

Indicates that this encoding is actively being sent. Setting it to false causes this encoding to no longer be sent. Setting it to true causes this encoding to be sent.

priority of type RTCPriorityType, defaulting to "low"

Indicates the priority of this encoding. It is specified in [[!RTCWEB-TRANSPORT]], Section 4.

ptime of type unsigned long

When present, indicates the preferred duration of media represented by a packet in milliseconds for this encoding. Typically, this is only relevant for audio encoding. The user agent MUST use this duration if possible, and otherwise use the closest available duration. This value MUST take precedence over any "ptime" attribute in the remote description, whose processing is described in [[!JSEP]]. Note that the user agent MUST still respect the limit imposed by any "maxptime" attribute, as defined in [[!RFC4566]], Section 6.

maxBitrate of type unsigned long

When present, indicates the maximum bitrate that can be used to send this encoding. The encoding may also be further constrained by other limits (such as maxFramerate or per-transport or per-session bandwidth limits) below the maximum specified here. maxBitrate is computed the same way as the Transport Independent Application Specific Maximum (TIAS) bandwidth defined in [[RFC3890]] Section 6.2.2, which is the maximum bandwidth needed without counting IP or other transport layers like TCP or UDP.

maxFramerate of type double

When present, indicates the maximum framerate that can be used to send this encoding, in frames per second.

scaleResolutionDownBy of type double

This member is only present if the sender's kind is "video". The video's resolution will be scaled down in each dimension by the given value before sending. For example, if the value is 2.0, the video will be scaled down by a factor of 2 in each dimension, resulting in sending a video of one quarter the size. If the value is 1.0, the video will not be affected. The value must be greater than or equal to 1.0. By default, the sender will not apply any scaling, (i.e., scaleResolutionDownBy will be 1.0).

RTCDtxStatus Enum

enum RTCDtxStatus {
         "disabled",
         "enabled"
         };
RTCDtxStatus Enumeration description
disabled

Discontinuous transmission is disabled.

enabled

Discontinuous transmission is enabled if negotiated.

RTCDegradationPreference Enum

enum RTCDegradationPreference {
    "maintain-framerate",
    "maintain-resolution",
    "balanced"
};
RTCDegradationPreference Enumeration description
maintain-framerate

Degrade resolution in order to maintain framerate.

maintain-resolution

Degrade framerate in order to maintain resolution.

balanced

Degrade a balance of framerate and resolution.

RTCRtcpParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtcpParameters {
             DOMString cname;
             boolean   reducedSize;
};

Dictionary RTCRtcpParameters Members

cname of type DOMString

The Canonical Name (CNAME) used by RTCP (e.g. in SDES messages). Read-only parameter.

reducedSize of type boolean

Whether reduced size RTCP [[RFC5506]] is configured (if true) or compound RTCP as specified in [[RFC3550]] (if false). Read-only parameter.

RTCRtpHeaderExtensionParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpHeaderExtensionParameters {
             required DOMString      uri;
             required unsigned short id;
             boolean                 encrypted = false;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpHeaderExtensionParameters Members

uri of type DOMString, required

The URI of the RTP header extension, as defined in [[RFC5285]]. Read-only parameter.

id of type unsigned short, required

The value put in the RTP packet to identify the header extension. Read-only parameter.

encrypted of type boolean

Whether the header extension is encrypted or not. Read-only parameter.

RTCRtpCodecParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpCodecParameters {
             required octet          payloadType;
             required DOMString      mimeType;
             required unsigned long  clockRate;
             unsigned short channels;
             DOMString      sdpFmtpLine;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpCodecParameters Members

payloadType of type octet

The RTP payload type used to identify this codec. Read-only parameter.

mimeType of type DOMString

The codec MIME media type/subtype. Valid media types and subtypes are listed in [[IANA-RTP-2]]. Read-only parameter.

clockRate of type unsigned long

The codec clock rate expressed in Hertz. Read-only parameter.

channels of type unsigned short

When present, indicates the number of channels (mono=1, stereo=2). Read-only parameter.

sdpFmtpLine of type DOMString

The "format specific parameters" field from the "a=fmtp" line in the SDP corresponding to the codec, if one exists, as defined by [[!JSEP]]. For an RTCRtpSender, these parameters come from the remote description, and for an RTCRtpReceiver, they come from the local description. Read-only parameter.

RTCRtpCapabilities Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpCapabilities {
             required sequence<RTCRtpCodecCapability>           codecs;
             required sequence<RTCRtpHeaderExtensionCapability> headerExtensions;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpCapabilities Members

codecs of type sequence<RTCRtpCodecCapability>, required

Supported media codecs as well as entries for RTX, RED and FEC mechanisms. There will only be a single entry in codecs[] for retransmission via RTX, with sdpFmtpLine not present.

headerExtensions of type sequence<RTCRtpHeaderExtensionCapability>, required

Supported RTP header extensions.

RTCRtpCodecCapability Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpCodecCapability {
             required DOMString mimeType;
             required unsigned long  clockRate;
             unsigned short channels;
             DOMString      sdpFmtpLine;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpCodecCapability Members

The RTCRtpCodecCapability dictionary provides information about codec capabilities. Only capability combinations that would utilize distinct payload types in a generated SDP offer are provided. For example:

  1. Two H.264/AVC codecs, one for each of two supported packetization-mode values.
  2. Two CN codecs with different clock rates.
mimeType of type DOMString, required

The codec MIME media type/subtype. Valid media types and subtypes are listed in [[IANA-RTP-2]].

clockRate of type unsigned long, required

The codec clock rate expressed in Hertz.

channels of type unsigned short

If present, indicates the maximum number of channels (mono=1, stereo=2).

sdpFmtpLine of type DOMString

The "format specific parameters" field from the "a=fmtp" line in the SDP corresponding to the codec, if one exists.

RTCRtpHeaderExtensionCapability Dictionary

dictionary RTCRtpHeaderExtensionCapability {
             DOMString uri;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpHeaderExtensionCapability Members

uri of type DOMString

The URI of the RTP header extension, as defined in [[RFC5285]].

RTCRtpReceiver Interface

The RTCRtpReceiver interface allows an application to inspect the receipt of a MediaStreamTrack.

To create an RTCRtpReceiver with a string, kind, and optionally an id string, id, run the following steps:

  1. Let receiver be a new RTCRtpReceiver object.

  2. Let track be a new MediaStreamTrack object [[!GETUSERMEDIA]]. The source of track is a remote source provided by receiver.

  3. Initialize track.kind to kind.

  4. If an id string, id, was given as input to this algorithm, initialize track.id to id. (Otherwise the value generated when track was created will be used.)

  5. Initialize track.label to the result of concatenating the string "remote " with kind.

  6. Initialize track.readyState to live.

  7. Initialize track.muted to true. See the MediaStreamTrack section about how the muted attribute reflects if a MediaStreamTrack is receiving media data or not.

  8. Let receiver have a [[\ReceiverTrack]] internal slot initialized to track.

  9. Let receiver have a [[\ReceiverTransport]] internal slot initialized to null.

  10. Let receiver have a [[\ReceiverRtcpTransport]] internal slot initialized to null.

  11. Let receiver have an [[\AssociatedRemoteMediaStreams]] internal slot, representing a list of MediaStream objects that the MediaStreamTrack object of this receiver is associated with, and initialized to an empty list.

  12. Return receiver.

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCRtpReceiver {
    readonly        attribute MediaStreamTrack  track;
    readonly        attribute RTCDtlsTransport? transport;
    readonly        attribute RTCDtlsTransport? rtcpTransport;
    static RTCRtpCapabilities          getCapabilities (DOMString kind);
    RTCRtpReceiveParameters            getParameters ();
    sequence<RTCRtpContributingSource>    getContributingSources ();
    sequence<RTCRtpSynchronizationSource> getSynchronizationSources ();
    Promise<RTCStatsReport>   getStats();
};

Attributes

track of type MediaStreamTrack, readonly

The track attribute is the track that is associated with this RTCRtpReceiver object receiver.

Note that track.stop() is final, although clones are not affected. Since receiver.track.stop() does not implicitly stop receiver, Receiver Reports continue to be sent. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\ReceiverTrack]] slot.

transport of type RTCDtlsTransport, readonly, nullable

The transport attribute is the transport over which media for the receiver's track is received in the form of RTP packets. Prior to construction of the RTCDtlsTransport object, the transport attribute will be null. When bundling is used, multiple RTCRtpReceiver objects will share one transport and will all receive RTP and RTCP over the same transport.

On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\ReceiverTransport]] slot.

rtcpTransport of type RTCDtlsTransport, readonly, nullable

The rtcpTransport attribute is the transport over which RTCP is sent and received. Prior to construction of the RTCDtlsTransport object, the rtcpTransport attribute will be null. When RTCP mux is used (or bundling, which mandates RTCP mux), rtcpTransport will be null, and both RTP and RTCP traffic will flow over transport.

On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\ReceiverRtcpTransport]] slot.

Methods

getCapabilities, static

The getCapabilities() method returns the most optimistic view of the capabilities of the system for receiving media of the given kind. It does not reserve any resources, ports, or other state but is meant to provide a way to discover the types of capabilities of the browser including which codecs may be supported. User agents MUST support kind values of "audio" and "video". If the system has no capabilities corresponding to the value of the kind argument, getCapabilities returns null.

These capabilities provide generally persistent cross-origin information on the device and thus increases the fingerprinting surface of the application. In privacy-sensitive contexts, browsers can consider mitigations such as reporting only a common subset of the capabilities.

getParameters

The getParameters() method returns the RTCRtpReceiver object's current parameters for how track is decoded.

When getParameters is called, the RTCRtpReceiveParameters dictionary is constructed as follows:

  • encodings is populated based on the RIDs present in the current remote description.

  • The headerExtensions sequence is populated based on the header extensions that the receiver is currently prepared to receive.
  • The codecs sequence is populated based on the codecs that the receiver is currently prepared to receive.

    Both the local and remote description may affect this list of codecs. For example, if three codecs are offered, the receiver will be prepared to receive each of them and will return them all from getParameters. But if the remote endpoint only answers with two, the absent codec will no longer be returned by getParameters as the receiver no longer needs to be prepared to receive it.
  • rtcp.reducedSize is set to true if the receiver is currently prepared to receive reduced-size RTCP packets, and false otherwise. rtcp.cname is left out.
getContributingSources

Returns an RTCRtpContributingSource for each unique CSRC identifier received by this RTCRtpReceiver in the last 10 seconds.

getSynchronizationSources

Returns an RTCRtpSynchronizationSource for each unique SSRC identifier received by this RTCRtpReceiver in the last 10 seconds.

getStats

Gathers stats for this receiver only and reports the result asynchronously.

When the getStats() method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let selector be the RTCRtpReceiver object on which the method was invoked.

  2. Let p be a new promise, and run the following steps in parallel:

    1. Gather the stats indicated by selector according to the stats selection algorithm.

    2. Resolve p with the resulting RTCStatsReport object, containing the gathered stats.

  3. Return p.

The RTCRtpContributingSource and RTCRtpSynchronizationSource dictionaries contain information about a given contributing source (CSRC) or synchronization source (SSRC) respectively, including the most recent time a packet that the source contributed to was played out. The browser MUST keep information from RTP packets received in the previous 10 seconds. When the first audio frame contained in an RTP packet is delivered to the RTCRtpReceiver's MediaStreamTrack for playout, the user agent MUST queue a task to update the relevant information for the RTCRtpContributingSource and RTCRtpSynchronizationSource dictionaries based on the contents of the packet. The information relevant to the RTCRtpSynchronizationSource dictionary corresponding to the SSRC identifier, is updated each time, and if the RTP packet contains CSRC identifiers, then the information relevant to the RTCRtpContributingSource dictionaries corresponding to those CSRC identifiers is also updated.

As stated in the conformance section, requirements phrased as algorithms may be implemented in any manner so long as the end result is equivalent. So, an implementaion does not need to literally queue a task for every packet, as long as the end result is that within a single event loop task execution, all returned RTCRtpSynchronizationSource and RTCRtpContributingSource dictionaries for a particular RTCRtpReceiver contain information from a single point in the RTP stream.
dictionary RTCRtpContributingSource {
    required DOMHighResTimeStamp timestamp;
    required unsigned long       source;
             double              audioLevel;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpContributingSource Members

timestamp of type DOMHighResTimeStamp, required

The timestamp of type DOMHighResTimeStamp [[!HIGHRES-TIME]], indicating the most recent time of playout of media that arrived in an RTP packet originating from this source. The timestamp is defined as performance.timeOrigin + performance.now() at the time of playout.

source of type unsigned long, required

The CSRC or SSRC identifier of the contributing or synchronization source.

audioLevel of type double

This is a value between 0..1 (linear), where 1.0 represents 0 dBov, 0 represents silence, and 0.5 represents approximately 6 dBSPL change in the sound pressure level from 0 dBov.

For CSRCs, this MUST be converted from the level value defined in [[!RFC6465]] if the RFC 6465 header extension is present, otherwise this member MUST be absent.

For SSRCs, this MUST be converted from the level value defined in [[!RFC6464]] if the RFC 6464 header extension is present, otherwise the user agent must compute the value from the audio data (the member must never be absent).

Both RFCs define the level as an integral value from 0 to 127 representing the audio level in negative decibels relative to the loudest signal that the system could possibly encode. Thus, 0 represents the loudest signal the system could possibly encode, and 127 represents silence.

To convert these values to the linear 0..1 range, a value of 127 is converted to 0, and all other values are converted using the equation: 10^(-rfc_level/20).

dictionary RTCRtpSynchronizationSource : RTCRtpContributingSource {
    boolean voiceActivityFlag;
};

Dictionary RTCRtpSynchronizationSource Members

voiceActivityFlag of type boolean

Whether the last RTP packet played from this source contains voice activity (true) or not (false). If the RFC 6464 extension header was not present, or if the peer has signaled that it is not using the V bit by setting the "vad" extension attribute to "off", as described in [[!RFC6464]], Section 4, voiceActivityFlag will be absent.

RTCRtpTransceiver Interface

The RTCRtpTransceiver interface represents a combination of an RTCRtpSender and an RTCRtpReceiver that share a common mid. As defined in [[!JSEP]], an RTCRtpTransceiver is said to be associated with a media description if its mid property is non-null; otherwise it is said to be disassociated. Conceptually, an associated transceiver is one that's represented in the last applied session description.

The transceiver kind of an RTCRtpTransceiver is defined by the kind of the associated RTCRtpReceiver's MediaStreamTrack object.

To create an RTCRtpTransceiver with an RTCRtpReceiver object, receiver, RTCRtpSender object, sender, and an RTCRtpTransceiverDirection value, direction, run the following steps:

  1. Let transceiver be a new RTCRtpTransceiver object.

  2. Let transceiver have a [[\Sender]] internal slot, initialized to sender.

  3. Let transceiver have a [[\Receiver]] internal slot, initialized to receiver.

  4. Let transceiver have a [[\Stopped]] internal slot, initialized to false.

  5. Let transceiver have a [[\Direction]] internal slot, initialized to direction.

  6. Let transceiver have a [[\Receptive]] internal slot, initialized to false.

  7. Let transceiver have a [[\CurrentDirection]] internal slot, initialized to null.

  8. Let transceiver have a [[\FiredDirection]] internal slot, initialized to null.

  9. Return transceiver.

Creating a transceiver does not create the underlying RTCDtlsTransport and RTCIceTransport objects. This will only occur as part of the process of setting an RTCSessionDescription.
[Exposed=Window] interface RTCRtpTransceiver {
    readonly        attribute DOMString?                  mid;
    [SameObject]
    readonly        attribute RTCRtpSender                sender;
    [SameObject]
    readonly        attribute RTCRtpReceiver              receiver;
    readonly        attribute boolean                     stopped;
                    attribute RTCRtpTransceiverDirection  direction;
    readonly        attribute RTCRtpTransceiverDirection? currentDirection;
    void stop ();
    void setCodecPreferences (sequence<RTCRtpCodecCapability> codecs);
};

Attributes

mid of type DOMString, readonly, nullable

The mid attribute is the mid negotatiated and present in the local and remote descriptions as defined in [[!JSEP]]. Before negotiation is complete, the mid value may be null. After rollbacks, the value may change from a non-null value to null.

sender of type RTCRtpSender, readonly

The sender attribute exposes the RTCRtpSender corresponding to the RTP media that may be sent with mid = mid. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\Sender]] slot.

receiver of type RTCRtpReceiver, readonly

The receiver attribute is the RTCRtpReceiver corresponding to the RTP media that may be received with mid = mid. On getting the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\Receiver]] slot.

stopped of type boolean, readonly

The stopped attribute indicates that the sender of this transceiver will no longer send, and that the receiver will no longer receive. It is true if either stop has been called or if setting the local or remote description has caused the RTCRtpTransceiver to be stopped. On getting, this attribute MUST return the value of the [[\Stopped]] slot.

direction of type RTCRtpTransceiverDirection

As defined in [[!JSEP]], the direction attribute indicates the preferred direction of this transceiver, which will be used in calls to createOffer and createAnswer. An update of directionality does not take effect immediately. Instead, future calls to createOffer and createAnswer mark the corresponding media description as sendrecv, sendonly, recvonly or inactive as defined in [[!JSEP]]

On getting, this attribute MUST return the value of the [[\Direction]] slot.

On setting, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver object on which the setter is invoked.

  2. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with transceiver.

  3. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  4. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  5. Let newDirection be the argument to the setter.

  6. If newDirection is equal to transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot, abort these steps.

  7. Set transceiver's [[\Direction]] slot to newDirection.

  8. Update the negotiation-needed flag for connection.

currentDirection of type RTCRtpTransceiverDirection, readonly, nullable

As defined in [[!JSEP]], the currentDirection attribute indicates the current direction negotiated for this transceiver. The value of currentDirection is independent of the value of RTCRtpEncodingParameters.active since one cannot be deduced from the other. If this transceiver has never been represented in an offer/answer exchange, or if the transceiver is stopped, the value is null. On getting, this attribute MUST return the value of the [[\CurrentDirection]] slot.

Methods

stop

The stop method irreversibly stops the RTCRtpTransceiver. The sender of this transceiver will no longer send, the receiver will no longer receive. Calling stop() updates the negotiation-needed flag for the RTCRtpTransceiver's associated RTCPeerConnection.

Stopping a transceiver will cause future calls to createOffer to generate a zero port in the media description for the corresponding transceiver, as defined in [[!JSEP]].

When this method is invoked, to stop the RTCRtpTransceiver transceiver, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  2. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the transceiver is to be stopped.

  3. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  4. Let sender be transceiver's [[\Sender]].

  5. Let receiver be transceiver's [[\Receiver]].

  6. Stop sending media with sender.

  7. Send an RTCP BYE for each RTP stream that was being sent by sender, as specified in [[!RFC3550]].

  8. Stop receiving media with receiver.

  9. receiver's [[\ReceiverTrack]] is now said to be ended.

  10. Set transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot to true.

  11. Set transceiver's [[\Receptive]] slot to false.

  12. Set transceiver's [[\CurrentDirection]] slot to null.

  13. Update the negotiation-needed flag for connection.

When a remote description is applied with a zero port in the media description for the corresponding transceiver, as defined in [[!JSEP]], the user agent MUST run the above steps as if stop had been called. In addition, since the receiver's [[\ReceiverTrack]] has ended, the steps described in track ended MUST be followed.

setCodecPreferences

The setCodecPreferences method overrides the default codec preferences used by the user agent. When generating a session description using either createOffer or createAnswer, the user agent MUST use the indicated codecs, in the order specified in the codecs argument, for the media section corresponding to this RTCRtpTransceiver.

This method allows applications to disable the negotiation of specific codecs. It also allows an application to cause a remote peer to prefer the codec that appears first in the list for sending.

Codec preferences remain in effect for all calls to createOffer and createAnswer that include this RTCRtpTransceiver until this method is called again. Setting codecs to an empty sequence resets codec preferences to any default value.

The codecs sequence passed into setCodecPreferences can only contain codecs that are returned by RTCRtpSender.getCapabilities(kind) or RTCRtpReceiver.getCapabilities(kind), where kind is the kind of the RTCRtpTransceiver on which the method is called. Additionally, the RTCRtpCodecCapability dictionary members cannot be modified. If codecs does not fulfill these requirements, the user agent MUST throw an InvalidAccessError.

Due to a recommendation in [[!SDP]], calls to createAnswer SHOULD use only the common subset of the codec preferences and the codecs that appear in the offer. For example, if codec preferences are "C, B, A", but only codecs "A, B" were offered, the answer should only contain codecs "B, A". However, [[!JSEP]] allows adding codecs that were not in the offer, so implementations can behave differently.

"Hold" functionality

Together, the direction attribute and the replaceTrack method enable developers to implement "hold" scenarios.

To send music to a peer and cease rendering received audio (music-on-hold):

async function playMusicOnHold() {
  try {
    // Assume we have an audio transceiver and a music track named musicTrack
    await audio.sender.replaceTrack(musicTrack);
    // Mute received audio
    audio.receiver.track.enabled = false;
    // Set the direction to send-only (requires negotiation)
    audio.direction = 'sendonly';
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
}
        

To respond to a remote peer's "sendonly" offer:

async function handleSendonlyOffer() {
  try {
    // Apply the sendonly offer first,
    // to ensure the receiver is ready for ICE candidates.
    await pc.setRemoteDescription(sendonlyOffer);
    // Stop sending audio
    await audio.sender.replaceTrack(null);
    // Align our direction to avoid further negotiation
    audio.direction = 'recvonly';
    // Call createAnswer and send a recvonly answer
    await doAnswer();
  } catch (err) {
    // handle signaling error
  }
}
        

To stop sending music and send audio captured from a microphone, as well to render received audio:

async function stopOnHoldMusic() {
  // Assume we have an audio transceiver and a microphone track named micTrack
  await audio.sender.replaceTrack(micTrack);
  // Unmute received audio
  audio.receiver.track.enabled = true;
  // Set the direction to sendrecv (requires negotiation)
  audio.direction = 'sendrecv';
}
        

To respond to being taken off hold by a remote peer:

async function onOffHold() {
  try {
    // Apply the sendrecv offer first, to ensure receiver is ready for ICE candidates.
    await pc.setRemoteDescription(sendrecvOffer);
    // Start sending audio
    await audio.sender.replaceTrack(micTrack);
    // Set the direction sendrecv (just in time for the answer)
    audio.direction = 'sendrecv';
    // Call createAnswer and send a sendrecv answer
    await doAnswer();
  } catch (err) {
    // handle signaling error
  }
}
        

RTCDtlsTransport Interface

The RTCDtlsTransport interface allows an application access to information about the Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) transport over which RTP and RTCP packets are sent and received by RTCRtpSender and RTCRtpReceiver objects, as well other data such as SCTP packets sent and received by data channels. In particular, DTLS adds security to an underlying transport, and the RTCDtlsTransport interface allows access to information about the underlying transport and the security added. RTCDtlsTransport objects are constructed as a result of calls to setLocalDescription() and setRemoteDescription(). Each RTCDtlsTransport object represents the DTLS transport layer for the RTP or RTCP component of a specific RTCRtpTransceiver, or a group of RTCRtpTransceivers if such a group has been negotiated via [[!BUNDLE]].

A new DTLS association for an existing RTCRtpTransceiver will be represented by an existing RTCDtlsTransport object, whose state will be updated accordingly, as opposed to being represented by a new object.

An RTCDtlsTransport has a [[\DtlsTransportState]] internal slot initialized to new.

When the underlying DTLS transport needs to update the state of the corresponding RTCDtlsTransport object, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. Let transport be the RTCDtlsTransport object to receive the state update.

  2. Let newState be the new state.

  3. Set transport's [[\DtlsTransportState]] slot to newState.

  4. Fire a simple event named statechange at transport.

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCDtlsTransport : EventTarget {
    readonly        attribute RTCIceTransport       transport;
    readonly        attribute RTCDtlsTransportState state;
    sequence<ArrayBuffer> getRemoteCertificates ();
                    attribute EventHandler          onstatechange;
                    attribute EventHandler          onerror;
};

Attributes

transport of type RTCIceTransport, readonly

The transport attribute is the underlying transport that is used to send and receive packets. The underlying transport may not be shared between multiple active RTCDtlsTransport objects.

state of type RTCDtlsTransportState, readonly

The state attribute MUST, on getting, return the value of the [[\DtlsTransportState]] slot.

onstatechange of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is statechange.
onerror of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is error.

Methods

getRemoteCertificates

Returns the certificate chain in use by the remote side, with each certificate encoded in binary Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER) [[!X690]]. getRemoteCertificates() will return an empty list prior to selection of the remote certificate, which will be completed by the time RTCDtlsTransportState transitions to "connected".

RTCDtlsTransportState Enum

enum RTCDtlsTransportState {
    "new",
    "connecting",
    "connected",
    "closed",
    "failed"
};
Enumeration description
new DTLS has not started negotiating yet.
connecting DTLS is in the process of negotiating a secure connection and verifying the remote fingerprint.
connected DTLS has completed negotiation of a secure connection and verified the remote fingerprint.
closed The transport has been closed intentionally as the result of receipt of a close_notify alert, or calling close().
failed The transport has failed as the result of an error (such as receipt of an error alert or failure to validate the remote fingerprint).

RTCDtlsFingerprint Dictionary

The RTCDtlsFingerprint dictionary includes the hash function algorithm and certificate fingerprint as described in [[!RFC4572]].

dictionary RTCDtlsFingerprint {
             DOMString algorithm;
             DOMString value;
};

Dictionary RTCDtlsFingerprint Members

algorithm of type DOMString

One of the the hash function algorithms defined in the 'Hash function Textual Names' registry [[!IANA-HASH-FUNCTION]].

value of type DOMString

The value of the certificate fingerprint in lowercase hex string as expressed utilizing the syntax of 'fingerprint' in [[!RFC4572]] Section 5.

RTCIceTransport Interface

The RTCIceTransport interface allows an application access to information about the ICE transport over which packets are sent and received. In particular, ICE manages peer-to-peer connections which involve state which the application may want to access. RTCIceTransport objects are constructed as a result of calls to setLocalDescription() and setRemoteDescription(). The underlying ICE state is managed by the ICE agent; as such, the state of an RTCIceTransport changes when the ICE Agent provides indications to the user agent as described below. Each RTCIceTransport object represents the ICE transport layer for the RTP or RTCP component of a specific RTCRtpTransceiver, or a group of RTCRtpTransceivers if such a group has been negotiated via [[!BUNDLE]].

An ICE restart for an existing RTCRtpTransceiver will be represented by an existing RTCIceTransport object, whose state will be updated accordingly, as opposed to being represented by a new object.

When the ICE Agent indicates that it began gathering a generation of candidates for an RTCIceTransport, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with this ICE Agent.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  3. Let transport be the RTCIceTransport for which candidate gathering began.

  4. Set transport's [[\IceGathererState]] slot to gathering.

  5. Fire a simple event named gatheringstatechange at transport.

  6. Update the ICE gathering state of connection.

When the ICE Agent indicates that it finished gathering a generation of candidates for an RTCIceTransport, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with this ICE Agent.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  3. Let transport be the RTCIceTransport for which candidate gathering finished.

  4. Create an RTCIceCandidate instance newCandidate, with sdpMid and sdpMLineIndex set to the values associated with this RTCIceTransport, with usernameFragment set to the username fragment of the generation of candidates for which gathering finished, with candidate set to an empty string, and with all other nullable members set to null.

  5. Fire an ice candidate event named icecandidate with newCandidate at connection.

  6. If another generation of candidates is still being gathered, abort these steps.

    This may occur if an ICE restart is initiated while the ICE agent is still gathering the previous generation of candidates.
  7. Set transport's [[\IceGathererState]] slot to complete.

  8. Fire a simple event named gatheringstatechange at transport.

  9. Update the ICE gathering state of connection.

When the ICE Agent indicates that a new ICE candidate is available for an RTCIceTransport, either by taking one from the ICE candidate pool or gathering it from scratch, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with this ICE Agent.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  3. Let transport be the RTCIceTransport for which this candidate is being made available.

  4. If connection.[[\PendingLocalDescription]] is not null, and represents the ICE generation for which candidate was gathered, add candidate to the connection.[[\PendingLocalDescription]].sdp.

  5. If connection.[[\CurrentLocalDescription]] is not null, and represents the ICE generation for which candidate was gathered, add candidate to the connection.[[\CurrentLocalDescription]].sdp.

  6. Create an RTCIceCandidate instance to represent the candidate. Let newCandidate be that object.

  7. Add newCandidate to transport's set of local candidates.

  8. Fire an ice candidate event named icecandidate with newCandidate at connection.

When the ICE Agent indicates that the RTCIceTransportState for an RTCIceTransport has changed, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with this ICE Agent.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  3. Let transport be the RTCIceTransport whose state is changing.

  4. Let newState be the new indicated RTCIceTransportState.

  5. Set transport's [[\IceTransportState]] slot to newState.

  6. Fire a simple event named statechange at transport.

  7. Update the ICE connection state of connection.

  8. Update the connection state of connection.

When the ICE Agent indicates that the selected candidate pair for an RTCIceTransport has changed, the user agent MUST queue a task that runs the following steps:

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with this ICE Agent.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  3. Let transport be the RTCIceTransport whose selected candidate pair is changing.

  4. Let newCandidatePair be a newly created RTCIceCandidatePair representing the indicated pair if one is selected, and null otherwise.

  5. Set transport's [[\SelectedCandidatePair]] slot to newCandidatePair.

  6. Fire a simple event named selectedcandidatepairchange at transport.

An RTCIceTransport object has the following internal slots:

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCIceTransport : EventTarget {
    readonly        attribute RTCIceRole           role;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceComponent      component;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceTransportState state;
    readonly        attribute RTCIceGathererState gatheringState;
    sequence<RTCIceCandidate> getLocalCandidates ();
    sequence<RTCIceCandidate> getRemoteCandidates ();
    RTCIceCandidatePair?      getSelectedCandidatePair ();
    RTCIceParameters?         getLocalParameters ();
    RTCIceParameters?         getRemoteParameters ();
                    attribute EventHandler         onstatechange;
                    attribute EventHandler         ongatheringstatechange;
                    attribute EventHandler         onselectedcandidatepairchange;
};

Attributes

role of type RTCIceRole, readonly

The role attribute MUST return the ICE role of the transport.

component of type RTCIceComponent, readonly

The component attribute MUST return the ICE component of the transport. When RTCP mux is used, a single RTCIceTransport transports both RTP and RTCP and component is set to "RTP".

state of type RTCIceTransportState, readonly

The state attribute MUST, on getting, return the value of the [[\IceTransportState]] slot.

gatheringState of type RTCIceGathererState, readonly

The gathering state attribute MUST, on getting, return the value of the [[\IceGathererState]] slot.

onstatechange of type EventHandler
This event handler, of event handler event type statechange, MUST be fired any time the RTCIceTransport state changes.
ongatheringstatechange of type EventHandler
This event handler, of event handler event type gatheringstatechange, MUST be fired any time the RTCIceTransportgathering state changes.
onselectedcandidatepairchange of type EventHandler
This event handler, of event handler event type selectedcandidatepairchange, MUST be fired any time the RTCIceTransport's selected candidate pair changes.

Methods

getLocalCandidates

Returns a sequence describing the local ICE candidates gathered for this RTCIceTransport and sent in onicecandidate

getRemoteCandidates

Returns a sequence describing the remote ICE candidates received by this RTCIceTransport via addIceCandidate()

getSelectedCandidatePair

Returns the selected candidate pair on which packets are sent. This method MUST return the value of the [[\SelectedCandidatePair]] slot.

getLocalParameters

Returns the local ICE parameters received by this RTCIceTransport via setLocalDescription, or null if the parameters have not yet been received.

getRemoteParameters

Returns the remote ICE parameters received by this RTCIceTransport via setRemoteDescription or null if the parameters have not yet been received.

RTCIceParameters Dictionary

dictionary RTCIceParameters {
             DOMString usernameFragment;
             DOMString password;
};

Dictionary RTCIceParameters Members

usernameFragment of type DOMString

The ICE username fragment as defined in [[!ICE]], Section 7.1.2.3.

password of type DOMString

The ICE password as defined in [[!ICE]], Section 7.1.2.3.

RTCIceCandidatePair Dictionary

dictionary RTCIceCandidatePair {
             RTCIceCandidate local;
             RTCIceCandidate remote;
};

Dictionary RTCIceCandidatePair Members

local of type RTCIceCandidate

The local ICE candidate.

remote of type RTCIceCandidate

The remote ICE candidate.

RTCIceGathererState Enum

enum RTCIceGathererState {
    "new",
    "gathering",
    "complete"
};
RTCIceGathererState Enumeration description
new The RTCIceTransport was just created, and has not started gathering candidates yet.
gathering The RTCIceTransport is in the process of gathering candidates.
complete The RTCIceTransport has completed gathering and the end-of-candidates indication for this transport has been sent. It will not gather candidates again until an ICE restart causes it to restart.

RTCIceTransportState Enum

enum RTCIceTransportState {
    "new",
    "checking",
    "connected",
    "completed",
    "disconnected",
    "failed",
    "closed"
};
RTCIceTransportState Enumeration description
new The RTCIceTransport is gathering candidates and/or waiting for remote candidates to be supplied, and has not yet started checking.
checking The RTCIceTransport has received at least one remote candidate and is checking candidate pairs and has either not yet found a connection or consent checks [[!RFC7675]] have failed on all previously successful candidate pairs. In addition to checking, it may also still be gathering.
connected The RTCIceTransport has found a usable connection, but is still checking other candidate pairs to see if there is a better connection. It may also still be gathering and/or waiting for additional remote candidates. If consent checks [[!RFC7675]] fail on the connection in use, and there are no other successful candidate pairs available, then the state transitions to "checking" (if there are candidate pairs remaining to be checked) or "disconnected" (if there are no candidate pairs to check, but the peer is still gathering and/or waiting for additional remote candidates).
completed The RTCIceTransport has finished gathering, received an indication that there are no more remote candidates, finished checking all candidate pairs and found a connection. If consent checks [[!RFC7675]] subsequently fail on all successful candidate pairs, the state transitions to "failed".
disconnected The ICE Agent has determined that connectivity is currently lost for this RTCIceTransport. This is a transient state that may trigger intermittently (and resolve itself without action) on a flaky network. The way this state is determined is implementation dependent. Examples include:
  • Losing the network interface for the connection in use.
  • Repeatedly failing to receive a response to STUN requests.
Alternatively, the RTCIceTransport has finished checking all existing candidates pairs and not found a connection (or consent checks [[!RFC7675]] once successful, have now failed), but it is still gathering and/or waiting for additional remote candidates.
failed The RTCIceTransport has finished gathering, received an indication that there are no more remote candidates, finished checking all candidate pairs, and all pairs have either failed connectivity checks or have lost consent. This is a terminal state.
closed The RTCIceTransport has shut down and is no longer responding to STUN requests.

An ICE restart causes candidate gathering and connectity checks to begin anew, causing a transition to connected if begun in the completed state. If begun in the transient disconnected state, it causes a transition to checking, effectively forgetting that connectivity was previously lost.

The failed and completed states require an indication that there are no additional remote candidates. This can be indicated by calling addIceCandidate with a candidate value whose candidate property is set to an empty string or by canTrickleIceCandidates being set to false.

Some example state transitions are:

  • (RTCIceTransport first created, as a result of setLocalDescription or setRemoteDescription): new
  • (new, remote candidates received): checking
  • (checking, found usable connection): connected
  • (checking, checks fail but gathering still in progress): disconnected
  • (checking, gave up): failed
  • (disconnected, new local candidates): checking
  • (connected, finished all checks): completed
  • (completed, lost connectivity): disconnected
  • (disconnected or failed, ICE restart occurs): checking
  • (completed, ICE restart occurs): connected
  • RTCPeerConnection.close(): closed
ICE transport state transition diagram
Non-normative ICE transport state transition diagram

RTCIceRole Enum

enum RTCIceRole {
    "controlling",
    "controlled"
};
RTCIceRole Enumeration description
controlling A controlling agent as defined by [[!ICE]], Section 3.
controlled A controlled agent as defined by [[!ICE]], Section 3.

RTCIceComponent Enum

enum RTCIceComponent {
    "rtp",
    "rtcp"
};
RTCIceComponent Enumeration description
rtp The ICE Transport is used for RTP (or RTCP multiplexing), as defined in [[!ICE]], Section 4.1.1.1. Protocols multiplexed with RTP (e.g. data channel) share its component ID. This represents the component-id value 1 when encoded in candidate-attribute.
rtcp The ICE Transport is used for RTCP as defined by [[!ICE]], Section 4.1.1.1. This represents the component-id value 2 when encoded in candidate-attribute.

RTCTrackEvent

The track event uses the RTCTrackEvent interface.

Firing a track event named e with an RTCRtpReceiver receiver, a MediaStreamTrack track and a MediaStream[] streams, means that an event with the name e, which does not bubble (except where otherwise stated) and is not cancelable (except where otherwise stated), and which uses the RTCTrackEvent interface with the receiver attribute set to receiver, track attribute set to track, streams attribute set to streams, MUST be created and dispatched at the given target.

        [ Constructor (DOMString type, RTCTrackEventInit eventInitDict), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCTrackEvent : Event {
    readonly        attribute RTCRtpReceiver           receiver;
    readonly        attribute MediaStreamTrack         track;
    [SameObject]
    readonly        attribute FrozenArray<MediaStream> streams;
    readonly        attribute RTCRtpTransceiver        transceiver;
};

Constructors

RTCTrackEvent

Attributes

receiver of type RTCRtpReceiver, readonly

The receiver attribute represents the RTCRtpReceiver object associated with the event.

track of type MediaStreamTrack, readonly

The track attribute represents the MediaStreamTrack object that is associated with the RTCRtpReceiver identified by receiver.

streams of type FrozenArray<MediaStream>, readonly

The streams attribute returns an array of MediaStream objects representing the MediaStreams that this event's track is a part of.

transceiver of type RTCRtpTransceiver, readonly

The transceiver attribute represents the RTCRtpTransceiver object associated with the event.

dictionary RTCTrackEventInit : EventInit {
    required RTCRtpReceiver        receiver;
    required MediaStreamTrack      track;
             sequence<MediaStream> streams = [];
    required RTCRtpTransceiver     transceiver;
};

Dictionary RTCTrackEventInit Members

receiver of type RTCRtpReceiver, required

The receiver attribute represents the RTCRtpReceiver object associated with the event.

track of type MediaStreamTrack, required

The track attribute represents the MediaStreamTrack object that is associated with the RTCRtpReceiver identified by receiver.

streams of type sequence<MediaStream>, defaulting to []

The streams attribute returns an array of MediaStream objects representing the MediaStreams that this event's track is a part of.

transceiver of type RTCRtpTransceiver, required

The transceiver attribute represents the RTCRtpTransceiver object associated with the event.

Peer-to-peer Data API

The Peer-to-peer Data API lets a web application send and receive generic application data peer-to-peer. The API for sending and receiving data models the behavior of WebSockets [[WEBSOCKETS-API]].

RTCPeerConnection Interface Extensions

The Peer-to-peer data API extends the RTCPeerConnection interface as described below.

partial interface RTCPeerConnection {
    readonly        attribute RTCSctpTransport? sctp;
    RTCDataChannel createDataChannel (USVString label, optional RTCDataChannelInit dataChannelDict);
                    attribute EventHandler      ondatachannel;
};

Attributes

sctp of type RTCSctpTransport, readonly, nullable

The SCTP transport over which SCTP data is sent and received. If SCTP has not been negotiated, the value is null. This attribute MUST return the RTCSctpTransport object stored in the [[\SctpTransport]] internal slot.

ondatachannel of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is datachannel.

Methods

createDataChannel

Creates a new RTCDataChannel object with the given label. The RTCDataChannelInit dictionary can be used to configure properties of the underlying channel such as data reliability.

When the createDataChannel method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps.

  1. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the method is invoked.

  2. If connection's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  3. Create an RTCDataChannel, channel.

  4. Initialize channel's [[\DataChannelLabel]] slot to the value of the first argument.

  5. If [[\DataChannelLabel]] is longer than 65535 bytes, throw a TypeError.
  6. Let options be the second argument.

  7. Initialize channel's [[\MaxPacketLifeTime]] slot to option's maxPacketLifeTime member, if present, otherwise null.

  8. Initialize channel's [[\MaxRetransmits]] slot to option's maxRetransmits member, if present, otherwise null.

  9. Initialize channel's [[\Ordered]] slot to option's ordered member.

  10. Initialize channel's [[\DataChannelProtocol]] slot to option's protocol member.

  11. If [[\DataChannelProtocol]] is longer than 65535 bytes long, throw a TypeError.
  12. Initialize channel's [[\Negotiated]] slot to option's negotiated member.

  13. Initialize channel's [[\DataChannelId]] slot to the value of option's id member, if it is present and [[\Negotiated]] is true, otherwise null.

    This means the id member will be ignored if the data channel is negotiated in-band; this is intentional. Data channels negotiated in-band should have IDs selected based on the DTLS role, as specified in [[!RTCWEB-DATA-PROTOCOL]].
  14. If [[\Negotiated]] is true and [[\DataChannelId]] is null, throw a TypeError.

  15. Initialize channel's [[\DataChannelPriority]] slot to option's priority member.

  16. If both [[\MaxPacketLifeTime]] and [[\MaxRetransmits]] attributes are set (not null), throw a TypeError.

  17. If a setting, either [[\MaxPacketLifeTime]] or [[\MaxRetransmits]], has been set to indicate unreliable mode, and that value exceeds the maximum value supported by the user agent, the value MUST be set to the user agents maximum value.

  18. If [[\DataChannelId]] is equal to 65535, which is greater than the maximum allowed ID of 65534 but still qualifies as an unsigned short, throw a TypeError.

  19. If the [[\DataChannelId]] slot is null (due to no ID being passed into createDataChannel, or [[\Negotiated]] being false), and the DTLS role of the SCTP transport has already been negotiated, then initialize [[\DataChannelId]] to a value generated by the user agent, according to [[!RTCWEB-DATA-PROTOCOL]], and skip to the next step. If no available ID could be generated, or if the value of the [[\DataChannelId]] slot is being used by an existing RTCDataChannel, throw an OperationError exception.

    If the [[\DataChannelId]] slot is null after this step, it will be populated once the DTLS role is determined during the process of setting an RTCSessionDescription.
  20. Let transport be the connection's [[\SctpTransport]] slot.

    If the [[\DataChannelId]] slot is not null, transport is in the connected state and [[\DataChannelId]] is greater or equal to the transport's [[\MaxChannels]] slot, throw an OperationError.

  21. If channel is the first RTCDataChannel created on connection, update the negotiation-needed flag for connection.

  22. Return channel and continue the following steps in parallel.

  23. Create channel's associated underlying data transport and configure it according to the relevant properties of channel.

RTCSctpTransport Interface

The RTCSctpTransport interface allows an application access to information about the SCTP data channels tied to a particular SCTP association.

Create an instance

To create an RTCSctpTransport with an optional initial state, initialState, run the following steps:

  1. Let transport be a new RTCSctpTransport object.

  2. Let transport have a [[\SctpTransportState]] internal slot initialized to initialState, if provided, otherwise "new".

  3. Let transport have a [[\MaxMessageSize]] internal slot and run the steps labeled update the data max message size to initialize it.

  4. Let transport have a [[\MaxChannels]] internal slot initialized to null.

  5. Return transport.

Update max message size

To update the data max message size of an RTCSctpTransport run the following steps:

  1. Let transport be the RTCSctpTransport object to be updated.

  2. Let remoteMaxMessageSize be the value of the "max-message-size" SDP attribute read from the remote description, as described in [[!SCTP-SDP]] (section 6), or 65536 if the attribute is missing.

  3. Let canSendSize be the number of bytes that this client can send (i.e. the size of the local send buffer) or 0 if the implementation can handle messages of any size.

  4. If both remoteMaxMessageSize and canSendSize are 0, set [[\MaxMessageSize]] to the positive Infinity value.

  5. Else, if either remoteMaxMessageSize or canSendSize is 0, set [[\MaxMessageSize]] to the larger of the two.

  6. Else, set [[\MaxMessageSize]] to the smaller of remoteMaxMessageSize or canSendSize.

Connected procedure

Once an SCTP transport is connected, meaning the SCTP association of an RTCSctpTransport has been established, run the following steps:

  1. Let transport be the RTCSctpTransport object.

  2. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object associated with transport.

  3. Set [[\MaxChannels]] to the minimum of the negotiated amount of incoming and outgoing SCTP streams.

  4. Fire a simple event named statechange at transport.

  5. For each of connection's RTCDataChannel:

    1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object.

    2. If the channel's [[\DataChannelId]] slot is greater or equal to transport's [[\MaxChannels]] slot, close the channel due to a failure . Otherwise, announce the channel as open.

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCSctpTransport {
    readonly        attribute RTCDtlsTransport transport;
    readonly        attribute RTCSctpTransportState state;
    readonly        attribute unrestricted double maxMessageSize;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short? maxChannels;
                    attribute EventHandler     onstatechange;
};

Attributes

transport of type RTCDtlsTransport, readonly

The transport over which all SCTP packets for data channels will be sent and received.

state of type RTCSctpTransportState, readonly

The current state of the SCTP transport. On getting, this attribute MUST return the value of the [[\SctpTransportState]] slot.

maxMessageSize of type unrestricted double, readonly

The maximum size of data that can be passed to RTCDataChannel's send() method. The attribute MUST, on getting, return the value of the [[\MaxMessageSize]] slot.

maxChannels of type unsigned short , readonly, nullable

The maximum amount of RTCDataChannel's that can be used simultaneously. The attribute MUST, on getting, return the value of the [[\MaxChannels]] slot.

This attribute's value will be null until the SCTP transport went into the connected state.
onstatechange of type EventHandler

The event type of this event handler is statechange.

RTCSctpTransportState Enum

RTCSctpTransportState indicates the state of the SCTP transport.

enum RTCSctpTransportState {
    "new",
    "connecting",
    "connected",
    "closed"
};
Enumeration description
new

The RTCSctpTransport has not started negotiating yet.

connecting

The RTCSctpTransport is in the process of negotiating an association. This is the initial state when an RTCSctpTransport is created by applying an Answer.

connected

The RTCSctpTransport has completed negotiation of an association.

closed

The SCTP association has been closed intentionally (such as by closing the peer connection or applying a remote description that rejects data or changes the SCTP port) or via receipt of a SHUTDOWN or ABORT chunk.

RTCDataChannel

The RTCDataChannel interface represents a bi-directional data channel between two peers. An RTCDataChannel is created via a factory method on an RTCPeerConnection object. The messages sent between the browsers are described in [[!RTCWEB-DATA]] and [[!RTCWEB-DATA-PROTOCOL]].

There are two ways to establish a connection with RTCDataChannel. The first way is to simply create an RTCDataChannel at one of the peers with the negotiated RTCDataChannelInit dictionary member unset or set to its default value false. This will announce the new channel in-band and trigger an RTCDataChannelEvent with the corresponding RTCDataChannel object at the other peer. The second way is to let the application negotiate the RTCDataChannel. To do this, create an RTCDataChannel object with the negotiated RTCDataChannelInit dictionary member set to true, and signal out-of-band (e.g. via a web server) to the other side that it SHOULD create a corresponding RTCDataChannel with the negotiated RTCDataChannelInit dictionary member set to true and the same id. This will connect the two separately created RTCDataChannel objects. The second way makes it possible to create channels with asymmetric properties and to create channels in a declarative way by specifying matching ids.

Each RTCDataChannel has an associated underlying data transport that is used to transport actual data to the other peer. In the case of SCTP data channels utilizing an RTCSctpTransport (which represents the state of the SCTP association), the underlying data transport is the SCTP stream pair. The transport properties of the underlying data transport, such as in order delivery settings and reliability mode, are configured by the peer as the channel is created. The properties of a channel cannot change after the channel has been created. The actual wire protocol between the peers is specified by the WebRTC DataChannel Protocol specification [[RTCWEB-DATA]].

An RTCDataChannel can be configured to operate in different reliability modes. A reliable channel ensures that the data is delivered at the other peer through retransmissions. An unreliable channel is configured to either limit the number of retransmissions ( maxRetransmits ) or set a time during which transmissions (including retransmissions) are allowed ( maxPacketLifeTime ). These properties can not be used simultaneously and an attempt to do so will result in an error. Not setting any of these properties results in a reliable channel.

An RTCDataChannel, created with createDataChannel or dispatched via an RTCDataChannelEvent, MUST initially be in the connecting state. When the RTCDataChannel object's underlying data transport is ready, the user agent MUST announce the RTCDataChannel as open.

To create an RTCDataChannel, run the following steps:

  1. Let channel be a newly created RTCDataChannel object.

  2. Let channel have a [[\ReadyState]] internal slot initialized to "connecting".

  3. Let channel have a [[\BufferedAmount]] internal slot initialized to 0.

  4. Let channel have internal slots named [[\DataChannelLabel]], [[\Ordered]], [[\MaxPacketLifeTime]], [[\MaxRetransmits]], [[\DataChannelProtocol]], [[\Negotiated]], [[\DataChannelId]], and [[\DataChannelPriority]].

  5. Return channel.

When the user agent is to announce an RTCDataChannel as open, the user agent MUST queue a task to run the following steps:

  1. If the associated RTCPeerConnection object's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  2. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object to be announced.

  3. If channel's [[\ReadyState]] is closing or closed, abort these steps.

  4. Set channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot to open.

  5. Fire a simple event named open at channel.

When an underlying data transport is to be announced (the other peer created a channel with negotiated unset or set to false), the user agent of the peer that did not initiate the creation process MUST queue a task to run the following steps:

  1. If the associated RTCPeerConnection object's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, abort these steps.

  2. Create an RTCDataChannel, channel.

  3. Let configuration be an information bundle received from the other peer as a part of the process to establish the underlying data transport described by the WebRTC DataChannel Protocol specification [[!RTCWEB-DATA-PROTOCOL]].

  4. Initialize channel's [[\DataChannelLabel]], [[\Ordered]], [[\MaxPacketLifeTime]], [[\MaxRetransmits]], [[\DataChannelProtocol]], and [[\DataChannelId]] internal slots to the corresponding values in configuration.

  5. Initialize channel's [[\Negotiated]] internal slot to false.

  6. Initialize channel's [[\DataChannelPriority]] internal slot based on the integer priority value in configuration, according to the following mapping:

    configuration priority value RTCPriorityType value
    0 to 128 very-low
    129 to 256 low
    257 to 512 medium
    513 and greater high
  7. Set channel's [[\ReadyState]] to open (but do not fire the open event, yet).

    This allows to start sending messages inside of the datachannel event handler prior to the open event being fired.
  8. Fire a datachannel event named datachannel with channel at the RTCPeerConnection object.

  9. Announce the data channel as open.

An RTCDataChannel object's underlying data transport may be torn down in a non-abrupt manner by running the closing procedure. When that happens the user agent MUST queue a task to run the following steps:

  1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object whose transport was closed.

  2. Unless the procedure was initiated by the channel's close method, set channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot to closing.

  3. Run the following steps in parallel:

    1. Finish sending all currently pending messages of the channel.

    2. Follow the closing procedure defined for the channel's underlying transport:

      1. In the case of an SCTP-based transport, follow [[!RTCWEB-DATA]], section 6.7.

    3. Render the channel's data transport closed by following the associated procedure.

When an RTCDataChannel object's underlying data transport has been closed, the user agent MUST queue a task to run the following steps:

  1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object whose transport was closed.

  2. Set channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot to closed.

  3. If the transport was closed with an error, fire an RTCError event at channel with errorDetail set to "sctp-failure".

  4. Fire a simple event named close at channel.

In some cases, the user agent may be unable to create an RTCDataChannel 's underlying data transport. For example, the data channel's id may be outside the range negotiated by the [[!RTCWEB-DATA]] implementations in the SCTP handshake. When the user agent determines that an RTCDataChannel's underlying data transport cannot be created, the user agent MUST queue a task to run the following steps:

  1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object for which the user agent could not create an underlying data transport.

  2. Set channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot to closed.

  3. Fire an RTCError event at channel with errorDetail set to "data-channel-failure".

  4. Fire a simple event named close at channel.

When an RTCDataChannel message has been received via the underlying data transport with type type and data rawData, the user agent MUST queue a task to run the following steps:

  1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object for which the user agent has received a message.

  2. If channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot is not open, abort these steps and discard rawData.

  3. Execute the sub step by switching on type and the channel's binaryType:

    • If type indicates that rawData is a string:

      Let data be a DOMString that represents the result of decoding rawData as UTF-8.

    • If type indicates that rawData is binary and binaryType is "blob":

      Let data be a new Blob object containing rawData as its raw data source.

    • If type indicates that rawData is binary and binaryType is "arraybuffer":

      Let data be a new ArrayBuffer object containing rawData as its raw data source.

  4. Fire an event named message at channel with the origin attribute initialized to the origin of the document that created the channel's associated RTCPeerConnection, and the data attribute initialized to data.

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCDataChannel : EventTarget {
    readonly        attribute USVString           label;
    readonly        attribute boolean             ordered;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short?     maxPacketLifeTime;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short?     maxRetransmits;
    readonly        attribute USVString           protocol;
    readonly        attribute boolean             negotiated;
    readonly        attribute unsigned short?     id;
    readonly        attribute RTCPriorityType     priority;
    readonly        attribute RTCDataChannelState readyState;
    readonly        attribute unsigned long       bufferedAmount;
                    attribute unsigned long       bufferedAmountLowThreshold;
                    attribute EventHandler        onopen;
                    attribute EventHandler        onbufferedamountlow;
                    attribute EventHandler        onerror;
                    attribute EventHandler        onclose;
    void close ();
                    attribute EventHandler        onmessage;
                    attribute DOMString           binaryType;
    void send (USVString data);
    void send (Blob data);
    void send (ArrayBuffer data);
    void send (ArrayBufferView data);
};

Attributes

label of type USVString, readonly

The label attribute represents a label that can be used to distinguish this RTCDataChannel object from other RTCDataChannel objects. Scripts are allowed to create multiple RTCDataChannel objects with the same label. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\DataChannelLabel]] slot.

ordered of type boolean, readonly

The ordered attribute returns true if the RTCDataChannel is ordered, and false if other of order delivery is allowed. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\Ordered]] slot.

maxPacketLifeTime of type unsigned short, readonly, nullable

The maxPacketLifeTime attribute returns the length of the time window (in milliseconds) during which transmissions and retransmissions may occur in unreliable mode. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\MaxPacketLifeTime]] slot.

maxRetransmits of type unsigned short, readonly, nullable

The maxRetransmits attribute returns the maximum number of retransmissions that are attempted in unreliable mode. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\MaxRetransmits]] slot.

protocol of type USVString, readonly

The protocol attribute returns the name of the sub-protocol used with this RTCDataChannel. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\DataChannelProtocol]] slot.

negotiated of type boolean, readonly

The negotiated attribute returns true if this RTCDataChannel was negotiated by the application, or false otherwise. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\Negotiated]] slot.

id of type unsigned short, readonly, nullable

The id attribute returns the ID for this RTCDataChannel. The value is initally null, which is what will be returned if the ID was not provided at channel creation time, and the DTLS role of the SCTP transport has not yet been negotiated. Otherwise, it will return the ID that was either selected by the script or generated by the user agent according to [[!RTCWEB-DATA-PROTOCOL]]. After the ID is set to a non-null value, it will not change. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\DataChannelId]] slot.

priority of type RTCPriorityType, readonly

The priority attribute returns the priority for this RTCDataChannel. The priority is assigned by the user agent at channel creation time. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\DataChannelPriority]] slot.

readyState of type RTCDataChannelState, readonly

The readyState attribute represents the state of the RTCDataChannel object. On getting, the attribute MUST return the value of the [[\ReadyState]] slot.

bufferedAmount of type unsigned long, readonly

The bufferedAmount attribute MUST, on getting, return the value of the [[\BufferedAmount]] slot. The attribute exposes the number of bytes of application data (UTF-8 text and binary data) that have been queued using send(). Even though the data transmission can occur in parallel, the returned value MUST NOT be decreased before the current task yielded back to the event loop to prevent race conditions. The value does not include framing overhead incurred by the protocol, or buffering done by the operating system or network hardware. The value of the [[\BufferedAmount]] slot will only increase with each call to the send() method as long as the [[\ReadyState]] slot is open; however, the slot does not reset to zero once the channel closes. When the underlying data transport sends data from its queue, the user agent MUST queue a task that reduces [[\BufferedAmount]] with the number of bytes that was sent.

bufferedAmountLowThreshold of type unsigned long

The bufferedAmountLowThreshold attribute sets the threshold at which the bufferedAmount is considered to be low. When the bufferedAmount decreases from above this threshold to equal or below it, the bufferedamountlow event fires. The bufferedAmountLowThreshold is initially zero on each new RTCDataChannel, but the application may change its value at any time.

onopen of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is open.
onbufferedamountlow of type EventHandler
The event type of this event handler is bufferedamountlow.
onerror of type EventHandler

The event type of this event handler is RTCErrorEvent. errorDetail contains "sctp-failure", sctpCauseCode contains the SCTP Cause Code value, and message contains the SCTP Cause-Specific-Information, possibly with additional text.

onclose of type EventHandler

The event type of this event handler is close.

onmessage of type EventHandler

The event type of this event handler is message.

binaryType of type DOMString

The binaryType attribute MUST, on getting, return the value to which it was last set. On setting, if the new value is either the string "blob" or the string "arraybuffer", then set the IDL attribute to this new value. Otherwise, throw a SyntaxError. When an RTCDataChannel object is created, the binaryType attribute MUST be initialized to the string "blob".

This attribute controls how binary data is exposed to scripts. See the [[WEBSOCKETS-API]] for more information.

Methods

close

Closes the RTCDataChannel. It may be called regardless of whether the RTCDataChannel object was created by this peer or the remote peer.

When the close method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object which is about to be closed.

  2. If channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot is closing or closed, then abort these steps.

  3. Set channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot to closing.

  4. If the closing procedure has not started yet, start it.

send

Run the steps described by the send() algorithm with argument type string object.

send

Run the steps described by the send() algorithm with argument type Blob object.

send

Run the steps described by the send() algorithm with argument type ArrayBuffer object.

send

Run the steps described by the send() algorithm with argument type ArrayBufferView object.

dictionary RTCDataChannelInit {
             boolean         ordered = true;
             unsigned short  maxPacketLifeTime;
             unsigned short  maxRetransmits;
             USVString       protocol = "";
             boolean         negotiated = false;
             [EnforceRange]
             unsigned short  id;
             RTCPriorityType priority = "low";
};

Dictionary RTCDataChannelInit Members

ordered of type boolean, defaulting to true

If set to false, data is allowed to be delivered out of order. The default value of true, guarantees that data will be delivered in order.

maxPacketLifeTime of type unsigned short

Limits the time (in milliseconds) during which the channel will transmit or retransmit data if not acknowledged. This value may be clamped if it exceeds the maximum value supported by the user agent.

maxRetransmits of type unsigned short

Limits the number of times a channel will retransmit data if not successfully delivered. This value may be clamped if it exceeds the maximum value supported by the user agent.

protocol of type USVString, defaulting to ""

Subprotocol name used for this channel.

negotiated of type boolean, defaulting to false

The default value of false tells the user agent to announce the channel in-band and instruct the other peer to dispatch a corresponding RTCDataChannel object. If set to true, it is up to the application to negotiate the channel and create an RTCDataChannel object with the same id at the other peer.

id of type unsigned short

Overrides the default selection of ID for this channel.

priority of type RTCPriorityType, defaulting to low

Priority of this channel.

The send() method is overloaded to handle different data argument types. When any version of the method is called, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let channel be the RTCDataChannel object on which data is to be sent.

  2. If channel's [[\ReadyState]] slot is not open, throw an InvalidStateError.

  3. Execute the sub step that corresponds to the type of the methods argument:

    • string object:

      Let data be a byte buffer that represents the result of encoding the method's argument as UTF-8.

    • Blob object:

      Let data be the raw data represented by the Blob object.

    • ArrayBuffer object:

      Let data be the data stored in the buffer described by the ArrayBuffer object.

    • ArrayBufferView object:

      Let data be the data stored in the section of the buffer described by the ArrayBuffer object that the ArrayBufferView object references.

    Any data argument type this method has not been overloaded with will result in a TypeError. This includes null and undefined.
  4. If the byte size of data exceeds the value of maxMessageSize on channel's associated RTCSctpTransport, throw a TypeError.

  5. Queue data for transmission on channel's underlying data transport. If queuing data is not possible because not enough buffer space is available, throw an OperationError.

    The actual transmission of data occurs in parallel. If sending data leads to an SCTP-level error, the application will be notified asynchronously through onerror.
  6. Increase the value of the [[\BufferedAmount]] slot by the byte size of data.

enum RTCDataChannelState {
    "connecting",
    "open",
    "closing",
    "closed"
};
RTCDataChannelState Enumeration description
connecting

The user agent is attempting to establish the underlying data transport. This is the initial state of an RTCDataChannel object, whether created with createDataChannel, or dispatched as a part of an RTCDataChannelEvent.

open

The underlying data transport is established and communication is possible.

closing

The procedure to close down the underlying data transport has started.

closed

The underlying data transport has been closed or could not be established.

RTCDataChannelEvent

The datachannel event uses the RTCDataChannelEvent interface.

Firing a datachannel event named e with an RTCDataChannel channel means that an event with the name e, which does not bubble (except where otherwise stated) and is not cancelable (except where otherwise stated), and which uses the RTCDataChannelEvent interface with the channel attribute set to channel, MUST be created and dispatched at the given target.

        [ Constructor (DOMString type, RTCDataChannelEventInit eventInitDict), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCDataChannelEvent : Event {
    readonly        attribute RTCDataChannel channel;
};

Constructors

RTCDataChannelEvent

Attributes

channel of type RTCDataChannel, readonly

The channel attribute represents the RTCDataChannel object associated with the event.

dictionary RTCDataChannelEventInit : EventInit {
             required RTCDataChannel channel;
};

Dictionary RTCDataChannelEventInit Members

channel of type RTCDataChannel, required

The RTCDataChannel object to be announced by the event.

Garbage Collection

An RTCDataChannel object MUST not be garbage collected if its

Peer-to-peer DTMF

This section describes an interface on RTCRtpSender to send DTMF (phone keypad) values across an RTCPeerConnection. Details of how DTMF is sent to the other peer are described in [[!RTCWEB-AUDIO]].

RTCRtpSender Interface Extensions

The Peer-to-peer DTMF API extends the RTCRtpSender interface as described below.

partial interface RTCRtpSender {
    readonly        attribute RTCDTMFSender? dtmf;
};

Attributes

dtmf of type RTCDTMFSender, readonly, nullable

On getting, the dtmf attribute returns the value of the [[\Dtmf]]internal slot, which represents a RTCDTMFSender which can be used to send DTMF, or null if unset. The [[\Dtmf]]internal slot is set when the kind of an RTCRtpSender's [[\SenderTrack]] is "audio".

RTCDTMFSender

To create an RTCDTMFSender, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let dtmf be a newly created RTCDTMFSender object.

  2. Let dtmf have a [[\CanInsertDtmf]] internal slot, initialized to false.

  3. Let dtmf have a [[\Duration]] internal slot.

  4. Let dtmf have a [[\InterToneGap]] internal slot.

  5. Let dtmf have a [[\ToneBuffer]] internal slot.

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCDTMFSender : EventTarget {
    void insertDTMF (DOMString tones, optional unsigned long duration = 100, optional unsigned long interToneGap = 70);
                    attribute EventHandler ontonechange;
    readonly        attribute boolean      canInsertDTMF;
    readonly        attribute DOMString    toneBuffer;
};

Attributes

ontonechange of type EventHandler

The event type of this event handler is tonechange.

canInsertDTMF of type boolean, readonly

Whether the RTCDTMFSender is capable of sending DTMF.

toneBuffer of type DOMString, readonly

The toneBuffer attribute MUST return a list of the tones remaining to be played out. For the syntax, content, and interpretation of this list, see insertDTMF.

Methods

insertDTMF

An RTCDTMFSender object's insertDTMF method is used to send DTMF tones.

The tones parameter is treated as a series of characters. The characters 0 through 9, A through D, #, and * generate the associated DTMF tones. The characters a to d MUST be normalized to uppercase on entry and are equivalent to A to D. As noted in [[RTCWEB-AUDIO]] Section 3, support for the characters 0 through 9, A through D, #, and * are required. The character ',' MUST be supported, and indicates a delay of 2 seconds before processing the next character in the tones parameter. All other characters (and only those other characters) MUST be considered unrecognized.

The duration parameter indicates the duration in ms to use for each character passed in the tones parameters. The duration cannot be more than 6000 ms or less than 40 ms. The default duration is 100 ms for each tone.

The interToneGap parameter indicates the gap between tones in ms. The user agent clamps it to at least 30 ms and at most 6000 ms. The default value is 70 ms.

The browser MAY increase the duration and interToneGap times to cause the times that DTMF start and stop to align with the boundaries of RTP packets but it MUST not increase either of them by more than the duration of a single RTP audio packet.

When the insertDTMF() method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let sender be the RTCRtpSender used to send DTMF.
  2. Let transceiver be the RTCRtpTransceiver object associated with sender.

  3. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.
  4. If transceiver's [[\CurrentDirection]] slot is recvonly or inactive, throw an InvalidStateError.
  5. Let dtmf be the RTCDTMFSender associated with sender.
  6. If dtmf's [[\CanInsertDTMF]] internal slot is false, throw an InvalidStateError.
  7. Let tones be the method's first argument.
  8. If tones contains any unrecognized characters, throw an InvalidCharacterError.
  9. Set the object's [[\ToneBuffer]] slot to tones.
  10. Set dtmf's [[\Duration]] slot to the value of the duration parameter.
  11. Set dtmf's [[\InterToneGap]] slot to the value of the interToneGap parameter.
  12. If the value of the duration parameter is less than 40 ms, set dtmf's [[\Duration]] slot to 40 ms.
  13. If the value of the duration parameter is greater than 6000 ms, set dtmf's [[\Duration]] slot to 6000 ms.
  14. If the value of the interToneGap parameter is less than 30 ms, set dtmf's [[\InterToneGap]] slot to 30 ms.
  15. If the value of the interToneGap parameter is greater than 6000 ms, set dtmf's [[\InterToneGap]] slot to 6000 ms.
  16. If [[\ToneBuffer]] slot is an empty string, abort these steps.
  17. If a Playout task is scheduled to be run, abort these steps; otherwise queue a task that runs the following steps (Playout task):
    1. If transceiver's [[\Stopped]] slot is true, abort these steps.
    2. If transceiver's [[\CurrentDirection]] slot is recvonly or inactive, abort these steps.
    3. If the [[\ToneBuffer]] slot contains the empty string, fire an event named tonechange with an empty string at the RTCDTMFSender object and abort these steps.
    4. Remove the first character from the [[\ToneBuffer]] slot and let that character be tone.
    5. If tone is "," delay sending tones for 2000 ms on the associated RTP media stream, and queue a task to be executed in 2000 ms from now that runs the steps labelled Playout task.
    6. If tone is not "," start playout of tone for [[\Duration]] ms on the associated RTP media stream, using the appropriate codec, then queue a task to be executed in [[\Duration]] + [[\InterToneGap]] ms from now that runs the steps labelled Playout task.
    7. Fire a tonechange event named tonechange with a string consisting of tone at the RTCDTMFSender object.

Since insertDTMF replaces the tone buffer, in order to add to the DTMF tones being played, it is necessary to call insertDTMF with a string containing both the remaining tones (stored in the [[\ToneBuffer]] slot) and the new tones appended together. Calling insertDTMF with an empty tones parameter can be used to cancel all tones queued to play after the currently playing tone.

RTCDTMFToneChangeEvent

The tonechange event uses the RTCDTMFToneChangeEvent interface.

Firing a tonechange event named e with a DOMString tone means that an event with the name e, which does not bubble (except where otherwise stated) and is not cancelable (except where otherwise stated), and which uses the RTCDTMFToneChangeEvent interface with the tone attribute set to tone, MUST be created and dispatched at the given target.

        [ Constructor (DOMString type, RTCDTMFToneChangeEventInit eventInitDict), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCDTMFToneChangeEvent : Event {
    readonly        attribute DOMString tone;
};

Constructors

RTCDTMFToneChangeEvent

Attributes

tone of type DOMString, readonly

The tone attribute contains the character for the tone (including ",") that has just begun playout (see insertDTMF ). If the value is the empty string, it indicates that the [[\ToneBuffer]] slot is an empty string and that the previous tones have completed playback.

dictionary RTCDTMFToneChangeEventInit : EventInit {
             required DOMString tone;
};

Dictionary RTCDTMFToneChangeEventInit Members

tone of type DOMString

The tone attribute contains the character for the tone (including ",") that has just begun playout (see insertDTMF ). If the value is the empty string, it indicates that the [[\ToneBuffer]] slot is an empty string and that the previous tones have completed playback.

Statistics Model

Introduction

The basic statistics model is that the browser maintains a set of statistics for monitored objects, in the form of stats objects.

A group of related objects may be referenced by a selector. The selector may, for example, be a MediaStreamTrack. For a track to be a valid selector, it MUST be a MediaStreamTrack that is sent or received by the RTCPeerConnection object on which the stats request was issued. The calling Web application provides the selector to the getStats() method and the browser emits (in the JavaScript) a set of statistics that are relevant to the selector, according to the stats selection algorithm. Note that that algorithm takes the sender or receiver of a selector.

The statistics returned are designed in such a way that repeated queries can be linked by the RTCStats id dictionary member. Thus, a Web application can make measurements over a given time period by requesting measurements at the beginning and end of that period.

Stats objects may have a limited lifetime. Until the end of their lifetime, they are always present in the result from getStats(). When their lifetime ends, a record of the statistics for that object is emitted through a "statsended" event, containing an RTCStats dictionary. The object descriptions in [[WEBRTC-STATS]] describe the lifetime of each stats object type.

RTCPeerConnection Interface Extensions

The Statistics API extends the RTCPeerConnection interface as described below.

partial interface RTCPeerConnection {
    Promise<RTCStatsReport> getStats (optional MediaStreamTrack? selector = null);
    attribute EventHandler onstatsended;
          };

Attributes

onstatsended of type EventHandler

The event type of this event handler is statsended.

To delete stats for a set of monitored objects, the UA MUST queue a task to run the following steps:

  • Create a new RTCStatsReport object called report
  • For each monitored object, create a new RTCStats object with the stats object for that monitored object, and add it to report
  • Create a new RTCStatsEvent called e, with its name set to "statsended" and its "report" being set to report
  • Fire e

Methods

getStats

Gathers stats for the given selector and reports the result asynchronously.

When the getStats() method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. Let selectorArg be the method's first argument.

  2. Let connection be the RTCPeerConnection object on which the method was invoked.

  3. If selectorArg is null, let selector be null.

  4. If selectorArg is a MediaStreamTrack let selector be an RTCRtpSender or RTCRtpReceiver on connection which track member matches selectorArg. If no such sender or receiver exists, or if more than one sender or receiver fit this criteria, return a promise rejected with a newly created InvalidAccessError.

  5. Let p be a new promise.

  6. Run the following steps in parallel:

    1. Gather the stats indicated by selector according to the stats selection algorithm.

    2. Resolve p with the resulting RTCStatsReport object, containing the gathered stats.

  7. Return p.

RTCStatsReport Object

The getStats() method delivers a successful result in the form of an RTCStatsReport object. An RTCStatsReport object is a map between strings that identify the inspected objects (id attribute in RTCStats instances), and their corresponding RTCStats-derived dictionaries.

An RTCStatsReport may be composed of several RTCStats-derived dictionaries, each reporting stats for one underlying object that the implementation thinks is relevant for the selector. One achieves the total for the selector by summing over all the stats of a certain type; for instance, if an RTCRtpSender uses multiple SSRCs to carry its track over the network, the RTCStatsReport may contain one RTCStats-derived dictionary per SSRC (which can be distinguished by the value of the "ssrc" stats attribute).

[Exposed=Window] interface RTCStatsReport {
    readonly maplike<DOMString, object>;
};

This interface has "entries", "forEach", "get", "has", "keys", "values", @@iterator methods and a "size" getter brought by readonly maplike.

Use these to retrieve the various dictionaries descended from RTCStats that this stats report is composed of. The set of supported property names [[!WEBIDL-1]] is defined as the ids of all the RTCStats-derived dictionaries that have been generated for this stats report.

RTCStats Dictionary

An RTCStats dictionary represents the stats object constructed by inspecting a specific monitored object. The RTCStats dictionary is a base type that specifies as set of default attributes, such as timestamp and type. Specific stats are added by extending the RTCStats dictionary.

Note that while stats names are standardized, any given implementation may be using experimental values or values not yet known to the Web application. Thus, applications MUST be prepared to deal with unknown stats.

Statistics need to be synchronized with each other in order to yield reasonable values in computation; for instance, if "bytesSent" and "packetsSent" are both reported, they both need to be reported over the same interval, so that "average packet size" can be computed as "bytes / packets" - if the intervals are different, this will yield errors. Thus implementations MUST return synchronized values for all stats in an RTCStats-derived dictionary.

dictionary RTCStats {
             required DOMHighResTimeStamp timestamp;
             required RTCStatsType        type;
             required DOMString           id;
};

Dictionary RTCStats Members

timestamp of type DOMHighResTimeStamp

The timestamp, of type DOMHighResTimeStamp [[!HIGHRES-TIME]], associated with this object. The time is relative to the UNIX epoch (Jan 1, 1970, UTC). For statistics that came from a remote source (e.g., from received RTCP packets), timestamp represents the time at which the information arrived at the local endpoint. The remote timestamp can be found in an additional field in an RTCStats-derived dictionary, if applicable.

type of type RTCStatsType

The type of this object.

The type attribute MUST be initialized to the name of the most specific type this RTCStats dictionary represents.

id of type DOMString

A unique id that is associated with the object that was inspected to produce this RTCStats object. Two RTCStats objects, extracted from two different RTCStatsReport objects, MUST have the same id if they were produced by inspecting the same underlying object. User agents are free to pick any format for the id as long as it meets the requirements above.

The set of valid values for RTCStatsType, and the dictionaries derived from RTCStats that they indicate, are documented in [[!WEBRTC-STATS]].

RTCStatsEvent

The statsended event uses the RTCStatsEvent.

[ Constructor (DOMString type, RTCStatsEventInit
          eventInitDict), Exposed=Window]
          interface RTCStatsEvent : Event {
            readonly attribute RTCStatsReport report;
          };

Constructors

RTCStatsEvent

Attributes

report of type RTCStatsReport

The report attribute contains the stats objects of the appropriate subclass of RTCStats object giving the value of the statistics for the monitored objects whose lifetime have ended, at the time that it ended.

dictionary RTCStatsEventInit : EventInit {
            required RTCStatsReport report;
          };

Dictionary RTCStatsEventInit members

report of type RTCStatsReport, required

Contains the RTCStats objects giving the stats for the objects whose lifetime have ended.

The stats selection algorithm

The stats selection algorithm is as follows:

  1. Let result be an empty RTCStatsReport.
  2. If selector is null, gather stats for the whole connection, add them to result, return result, and abort these steps.
  3. If selector is an RTCRtpSender, gather stats for and add the following objects to result:
    • All RTCOutboundRTPStreamStats objects representing RTP streams being sent by selector.
    • All stats objects referenced directly or indirectly by the RTCOutboundRTPStreamStats objects added.
  4. If selector is an RTCRtpReceiver, gather stats for and add the following objects to result:
    • All RTCInboundRTPStreamStats objects representing RTP streams being received by selector.
    • All stats objects referenced directly or indirectly by the RTCInboundRTPStreamStats added.
  5. Return result.

Mandatory To Implement Stats

The stats listed in [[WEBRTC-STATS]] are intended to cover a wide range of use cases. Not all of them have to be implemented by every WebRTC implementation.

An implementation MUST support generating statistics of the following types when the corresponding objects exist on a PeerConnection, with the attributes that are listed when they are valid for that object:

An implementation MAY support generating any other statistic defined in [[!WEBRTC-STATS]], and MAY generate statistics that are not documented.

GetStats Example

Consider the case where the user is experiencing bad sound and the application wants to determine if the cause of it is packet loss. The following example code might be used:

async function gatherStats() {
  try {
    const sender = pc.getSenders()[0];
    const baselineReport = await sender.getStats();
    await new Promise((resolve) => setTimeout(resolve, aBit)); // ... wait a bit
    const currentReport = await sender.getStats();

    // compare the elements from the current report with the baseline
    for (let now of currentReport.values()) {
      if (now.type != 'outbound-rtp') continue;

      // get the corresponding stats from the baseline report
      const base = baselineReport.get(now.id);

      if (base) {
        const remoteNow = currentReport.get(now.remoteId);
        const remoteBase = baselineReport.get(base.remoteId);

        const packetsSent = now.packetsSent - base.packetsSent;
        const packetsReceived = remoteNow.packetsReceived - remoteBase.packetsReceived;

        const fractionLost = (packetsSent - packetsReceived) / packetsSent;
        if (fractionLost > 0.3) {
          // if fractionLost is > 0.3, we have probably found the culprit
        }
      }
    }
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
}
      

Identity

Identity Provider Interaction

WebRTC offers and answers (and hence the channels established by RTCPeerConnection objects) can be authenticated by using a web-based Identity Provider (IdP). The idea is that the entity sending an offer or answer acts as the Authenticating Party (AP) and obtains an identity assertion from the IdP which it attaches to the session description. The consumer of the session description (i.e., the RTCPeerConnection on which setRemoteDescription is called) acts as the Relying Party (RP) and verifies the assertion.

The interaction with the IdP is designed to decouple the browser from any particular identity provider; the browser need only know how to load the IdP's JavaScript, the location of which is determined by the IdP's identity, and the generic interface to generating and validating assertions. The IdP provides whatever logic is necessary to bridge the generic protocol to the IdP's specific requirements. Thus, a single browser can support any number of identity protocols, including being forward compatible with IdPs which did not exist at the time the browser was written.

Identity Provider Selection

An IdP is used to generate an identity assertion as follows:

  1. If the setIdentityProvider() method has been called, the IdP provided shall be used.
  2. If the setIdentityProvider() method has not been called, then the user agent MAY use an IdP configured into the browser.

In order to verify assertions, the IdP domain name and protocol are taken from the domain and protocol fields of the identity assertion.

Instantiating an IdP Proxy

In order to communicate with the IdP, the user agent loads the IdP JavaScript from the IdP. The URI for the IdP script is a well-known URI formed from the domain and protocol fields, as specified in [[!RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]].

The IdP MAY generate an HTTP redirect to another "https" origin, the browser MUST treat a redirect to any other scheme as a fatal error.

The user agent instantiates an isolated interpreted context, a JavaScript realm that operates in the origin of the loaded JavaScript. Note that a redirect will change the origin of the loaded script.

The realm is populated with a global that implements both the RTCIdentityProviderGlobalScope and WorkerGlobalScope [[!WEBWORKERS]] interfaces.

The user agent provides an instance of RTCIdentityProviderRegistrar named rtcIdentityProvider in the global scope of the realm. This object is used by the IdP to interact with the user agent.

[Global, Exposed=RTCIdentityProviderGlobalScope]
interface RTCIdentityProviderGlobalScope : WorkerGlobalScope {
    readonly        attribute RTCIdentityProviderRegistrar rtcIdentityProvider;
};

Attributes

rtcIdentityProvider of type RTCIdentityProviderRegistrar, readonly
This object is used by the IdP to register an RTCIdentityProvider instance with the browser.

Implementing an IdP Securely

An environment that mimics the identity provider realm can be provided by any script. However, only scripts running in the origin of the IdP are able to generate an identical environment. Other origins can load and run the IdP proxy code, but they will be unable to replicate data that is unique to the origin of the IdP.

This means that it is critical that an IdP use data that is restricted to its own origin when generating identity assertions. Otherwise, another origin could load the IdP script and use it to impersonate users.

The data that the IdP script uses could be stored on the client (for example, in [[INDEXEDDB]]) or loaded from servers. Data that is acquired from a server SHOULD require credentials and be protected from cross-origin access.

There is no risk to the integrity of identity assertions if an IdP validates an identity assertion without using origin-private data.

Registering an IdP Proxy

An IdP proxy implements the RTCIdentityProvider methods, which are the means by which the user agent is able to request that an identity assertion be generated or validated.

Once instantiated, the IdP script is executed. The IdP MUST call the register() function on the RTCIdentityProviderRegistrar instance during script execution. If an IdP is not registered during this script execution, the user agent cannot use the IdP proxy and MUST fail any future attempt to interact with the IdP.

[Exposed=RTCIdentityProviderGlobalScope]
interface RTCIdentityProviderRegistrar {
    void register (RTCIdentityProvider idp);
};

Methods

register

This method is invoked by the IdP when its script is first executed. This registers RTCIdentityProvider methods with the user agent.

Interface Exposed by Identity Providers

The callback functions in RTCIdentityProvider are exposed by identity providers and is called by RTCPeerConnection to acquire or validate identity assertions.

dictionary RTCIdentityProvider {
    required GenerateAssertionCallback generateAssertion;
    required ValidateAssertionCallback validateAssertion;
};

Dictionary RTCIdentityProvider Members

generateAssertion of type GenerateAssertionCallback, required

A user agent invokes this method on the IdP to request the generation of an identity assertion.

The IdP provides a promise that resolves to an RTCIdentityAssertionResult to successfully generate an identity assertion. Any other value, or a rejected promise, is treated as an error.

validateAssertion of type ValidateAssertionCallback, required

A user agent invokes this method on the IdP to request the validation of an identity assertion.

The IdP returns a Promise that resolves to an RTCIdentityValidationResult to successfully validate an identity assertion and to provide the actual identity. Any other value, or a rejected promise, is treated as an error.

          callback GenerateAssertionCallback = Promise<RTCIdentityAssertionResult>
          (DOMString contents, DOMString origin, RTCIdentityProviderOptions options);
          

Callback GenerateAssertionCallback Parameters

contents of type DOMString
The contents parameter includes the information that the user agent wants covered by the identity assertion. The IdP MUST treat contents as opaque string. A successful validation of the provided assertion MUST produce the same string.
origin of type DOMString
The origin parameter identifies the origin of the RTCPeerConnection that triggered this request. An IdP can use this information as input to policy decisions about use. This value is generated by the user agent based on the origin of the document that created the RTCPeerConnection and therefore can be trusted to be correct.
options of type RTCIdentityProviderOptions
This includes the options provided by the application when calling setIdentityProvider. Though the dictionary is an optional argument to setIdentityProvider, default values are used as necessary when passing the value to the identity provider; see the definition of RTCIdentityProviderOptions for details.
          callback ValidateAssertionCallback = Promise<RTCIdentityValidationResult>
          (DOMString assertion, DOMString origin);
          

Callback ValidateAssertionCallback Parameters

assertion of type DOMString
The assertion parameter includes the assertion that was recovered from an a=identity in the session description; that is, the value that was part of the RTCIdentityAssertionResult provided by the IdP that generated the assertion.
origin of type DOMString
The origin parameter identifies the origin of the RTCPeerConnection that triggered this request. An IdP can use this information as input to policy decisions about use.

Identity Assertion and Validation Results

dictionary RTCIdentityAssertionResult {
    required RTCIdentityProviderDetails idp;
    required DOMString                  assertion;
};

Dictionary RTCIdentityAssertionResult Members

idp of type RTCIdentityProviderDetails, required

An IdP provides these details to identify the IdP that validates the identity assertion. This struct contains the same information that is provided to setIdentityProvider.

assertion of type DOMString, required

An identity assertion. This is an opaque string that MUST contain all information necessary to assert identity. This value is consumed by the validating IdP.

dictionary RTCIdentityProviderDetails {
    required DOMString domain;
             DOMString protocol = "default";
};

Dictionary RTCIdentityProviderDetails Members

domain of type DOMString, required

The domain name of the IdP that validated the associated identity assertion.

protocol of type DOMString, defaulting to "default"

The protocol parameter used for the IdP. The string MUST NOT include the character '/' or '\'.

dictionary RTCIdentityValidationResult {
    required DOMString identity;
    required DOMString contents;
};

Dictionary RTCIdentityValidationResult Members

identity of type DOMString, required

The validated identity of the peer.

contents of type DOMString, required

The payload of the identity assertion. An IdP that validates an identity assertion MUST return the same string that was provided to the original IdP that generated the assertion.

The user agent uses the contents string to determine if the identity assertion matches the session description.

Requesting Identity Assertions

The identity assertion request process is triggered by a call to createOffer, createAnswer, or getIdentityAssertion. When these calls are invoked and an identity provider has been set, the following steps are executed:

  1. The RTCPeerConnection instantiates an IdP as described in Identity Provider Selection and Registering an IdP Proxy. If the IdP cannot be loaded, instantiated, or the IdP proxy is not registered, this process fails.

  2. If the RTCPeerConnection was not constructed with a set of certificates, and one has not yet been generated, wait for it to be generated.

  3. The RTCPeerConnection invokes the generateAssertion method on the RTCIdentityProvider methods registered by the IdP.

    The RTCPeerConnection generates the contents parameter to this method as described in [[!RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]]. The value of contents includes the fingerprint of the certificate that was selected or generated during the construction of the RTCPeerConnection. The origin parameter contains the origin of the script that calls the RTCPeerConnection method that triggers this behavior. The usernameHint value is the same value that is provided to setIdentityProvider, if any such value was provided.

  4. The IdP proxy returns a Promise to the RTCPeerConnection. The IdP proxy is expected to generate the identity assertion asynchronously.

    If the user has been authenticated by the IdP, and the IdP is able to generate an identity assertion, the IdP resolves the promise with an identity assertion in the form of an RTCIdentityAssertionResult.

    This step depends entirely on the IdP. The methods by which an IdP authenticates users or generates assertions is not specified, though they could involve interacting with the IdP server or other servers.

  5. If the IdP proxy produces an error or returns a promise that does not resolve to a valid RTCIdentityAssertionResult (see ), then assertion generation fails.

  6. The RTCPeerConnection MAY store the identity assertion for use with future offers or answers. If a fresh identity assertion is needed for any reason, applications can create a new RTCPeerConnection.

  7. If the identity request was triggered by a createOffer() or createAnswer(), then the assertion is converted to a JSON string, base64-encoded and inserted into an a=identity attribute in the session description.

If assertion generation fails, then the promise for the corresponding function call is rejected with a newly created OperationError.

User Login Procedure

An IdP MAY reject an attempt to generate an identity assertion if it is unable to verify that a user is authenticated. This might be due to the IdP not having the necessary authentication information available to it (such as cookies).

Rejecting the promise returned by generateAssertion will cause the error to propagate to the application. Login errors are indicated by rejecting the promise with an RTCError with errorDetail set to "idp-need-login".

The URL to login at will be passed to the application in the idpLoginUrl attribute of the RTCPeerConnection.

An application can load the login URL in an IFRAME or popup window; the resulting page then SHOULD provide the user with an opportunity to enter any information necessary to complete the authorization process.

Once the authorization process is complete, the page loaded in the IFRAME or popup sends a message using postMessage [[!webmessaging]] to the page that loaded it (through the window.opener attribute for popups, or through window.parent for pages loaded in an IFRAME). The message MUST consist of the DOMString "WEBRTC-LOGINDONE". This message informs the application that another attempt at generating an identity assertion is likely to be successful.

Verifying Identity Assertions

Identity assertion validation happens when setRemoteDescription is invoked on RTCPeerConnection. The process runs asynchronously, meaning that validation of an identity assertion might not block the completion of setRemoteDescription.

The identity assertion request process involves the following asynchronous steps:

  1. The RTCPeerConnection awaits any prior identity validation. Only one identity validation can run at a time for an RTCPeerConnection. This can happen because the resolution of setRemoteDescription is not blocked by identity validation unless there is a target peer identity.

  2. The RTCPeerConnection loads the identity assertion from the session description and decodes the base64 value, then parses the resulting JSON. The idp parameter of the resulting dictionary contains a domain and an optional protocol value that identifies the IdP, as described in [[!RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]].

  3. If the identity assertion is malformed, or if protocol includes the character '/' or '\', this process fails.

  4. The RTCPeerConnection instantiates the identified IdP as described in and . If the IdP cannot be loaded, instantiated or the IdP proxy is not registered, this process fails.

  5. The RTCPeerConnection invokes the validateAssertion method registered by the IdP.

    The assertion parameter is taken from the decoded identity assertion. The origin parameter contains the origin of the script that calls the RTCPeerConnection method that triggers this behavior.

  6. The IdP proxy returns a promise and performs the validation process asynchronously.

    The IdP proxy verifies the identity assertion using whatever means necessary. Depending on the authentication protocol this could involve interacting with the IdP server.

  7. If the IdP proxy produces an error or returns a promise that does not resolve to a valid RTCIdentityValidationResult (see ), then identity validation fails.

  8. Once the assertion is successfully verified, the IdP proxy resolves the promise with an RTCIdentityValidationResult containing the validated identity and the original contents that are the payload of the assertion.

  9. The RTCPeerConnection decodes the contents and validates that it contains a fingerprint value for every a=fingerprint attribute in the session description. This ensures that the certificate used by the remote peer for communications is covered by the identity assertion.

    A user agent is required to fail to communicate with peers that offer a certificate that doesn't match an a=fingerprint line in the negotiated session description.

    The user agent decodes contents using the format described in [[!RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]]. However the IdP MUST treat contents as opaque and return the same string to allow for future extensions.

  10. The RTCPeerConnection validates that the domain portion of the identity matches the domain of the IdP as described in [[!RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]]. If this check fails then the identity validation fails.

  11. The RTCPeerConnection resolves the peerIdentity attribute with a new instance of RTCIdentityAssertion that includes the IdP domain and peer identity.

  12. The user agent MAY display identity information to a user in its UI. Any user identity information that is displayed in this fashion MUST use a mechanism that cannot be spoofed by content.

If identity validation fails, the peerIdentity promise is rejected with a newly created OperationError.

If identity validation fails and there is a target peer identity for the RTCPeerConnection, the promise returned by setRemoteDescription MUST be rejected with the same DOMException.

If identity validation fails and there is no a target peer identity, the value of the peerIdentity MUST be set to a new, unresolved promise instance. This permits the use of renegotiation (or a subsequent answer, if the session description was a provisional answer) to resolve or reject the identity.

IdP Error Handling

Errors in IdP processing will - in most cases - result in the failure of the procedure that invoked the IdP proxy. This will result in the rejection of the promise returned by getIdentityAssertion, createOffer, or createAnswer. An IdP proxy error causes a setRemoteDescription promise to be rejected if there is a target peer identity; IdP errors in calls to setRemoteDescription where there is no target peer identity cause the peerIdentity promise to be rejected instead.

If an error occurs these promises are rejected with an RTCError if an error occurs in interacting with the IdP proxy. The following scenarios result in errors:

Any error generated by the IdP MAY provide additional information in the idpErrorInfo attribute. The information in this string is defined by the IdP in use.

RTCPeerConnection Interface Extensions

The Identity API extends the RTCPeerConnection interface as described below.

partial interface RTCPeerConnection {
    void               setIdentityProvider (DOMString provider, optional RTCIdentityProviderOptions options);
    Promise<DOMString> getIdentityAssertion ();
    readonly        attribute Promise<RTCIdentityAssertion> peerIdentity;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?                    idpLoginUrl;
    readonly        attribute DOMString?                    idpErrorInfo;
};

Attributes

peerIdentity of type Promise<RTCIdentityAssertion>, readonly

A promise that resolves with the identity of the peer if the identity is successfully validated.

This promise is rejected if an identity assertion is present in a remote session description and validation of that assertion fails for any reason. If the promise is rejected, a new unresolved value is created, unless a target peer identity has been established. If this promise successfully resolves, the value will not change.

idpLoginUrl of type DOMString, readonly, nullable

The URL that an application can navigate to so that the user can login to the IdP, as described in .

idpErrorInfo of type DOMString, readonly, nullable

An attribute that the IdP can use to pass additional information back to the applications about the error. The format of this string is defined by the IdP and may be JSON.

Methods

setIdentityProvider

Sets the identity provider to be used for a given RTCPeerConnection object. Applications need not make this call; if the browser is already configured for an IdP, then that configured IdP might be used to get an assertion.

When the setIdentityProvider method is invoked, the user agent MUST run the following steps:

  1. If the RTCPeerConnection object's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  2. If options.protocol includes the the character '/' or '\', throw a SyntaxError.

  3. Set the current identity provider values to the tuple (provider, options).

  4. If any identity provider value has changed, discard any stored identity assertion.

Identity provider information is not used until an identity assertion is required, either in response to a call to getIdentityAssertion, or a session description is requested with a call to either createOffer or createAnswer.

getIdentityAssertion

Initiates the process of obtaining an identity assertion. Applications need not make this call. It is merely intended to allow them to start the process of obtaining identity assertions before a call is initiated. If an identity is needed, either because the browser has been configured with a default identity provider or because the setIdentityProvider method was called, then an identity will be automatically requested when an offer or answer is created.

When getIdentityAssertion is invoked, queue a task to run the following steps:

  1. If the RTCPeerConnection object's [[\IsClosed]] slot is true, throw an InvalidStateError.

  2. Request an identity assertion from the IdP.

  3. Resolve the promise with the base64 and JSON encoded assertion.

dictionary RTCIdentityProviderOptions {
    DOMString protocol = "default";
    DOMString usernameHint;
    DOMString peerIdentity;
};
        

RTCIdentityProviderOptions Members

protocol of type DOMString

The name of the protocol that is used by the identity provider. This MUST NOT include '/' (U+002F) or '\' (U+005C) characters. This value defaults to "default" if not provided.

usernameHint of type DOMString

A hint to the identity provider about the identity of the principal for which it should generate an identity assertion. If absent, the value undefined is used.

peerIdentity of type DOMString

The identity of the peer. For identity providers that bind their assertions to a particular pair of communication peers, this allows them to generate an assertion that includes both local and remote identities. If this value is omitted, but a value is provided for the peerIdentity member of RTCConfiguration, the value from RTCConfiguration is used.

[Constructor(DOMString idp, DOMString name), Exposed=Window]
interface RTCIdentityAssertion {
    attribute DOMString idp;
    attribute DOMString name;
};

RTCIdentityAssertion Attributes

idp of type DOMString

The domain name of the identity provider that validated this identity.

name of type DOMString

An RFC5322-conformant [[RFC5322]] representation of the verified peer identity. This identity will have been verified via the procedures described in [[!RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]].

Identity Examples

The identity system is designed so that applications need not take any special action in order for users to generate and verify identity assertions; if a user has configured an IdP into their browser, then the browser will automatically request/generate assertions and the other side will automatically verify them and display the results. However, applications may wish to exercise tighter control over the identity system as shown by the following examples.

This example shows how to configure the identity provider.

pc.setIdentityProvider('example.com');
        

This example shows how to configure the identity provider with all the options.

pc.setIdentityProvider('example.com', {
  usernameHint: 'alice@example.com',
  peerIdentity: 'bob@example.net'
});
        

This example shows how to consume identity assertions inside a Web application.

async function consumeIdentityAssertion() {
  const identity = await pc.peerIdentity;
  console.log('IdP = ', identity.idp, 'identity =', identity.name);
}
        

Media Stream API Extensions for Network Use

Introduction

The MediaStreamTrack interface, as defined in the [[!GETUSERMEDIA]] specification, typically represents a stream of data of audio or video. One or more MediaStreamTracks can be collected in a MediaStream (strictly speaking, a MediaStream as defined in [[!GETUSERMEDIA]] may contain zero or more MediaStreamTrack objects).

A MediaStreamTrack may be extended to represent a media flow that either comes from or is sent to a remote peer (and not just the local camera, for instance). The extensions required to enable this capability on the MediaStreamTrack object will be described in this section. How the media is transmitted to the peer is described in [[!RTCWEB-RTP]], [[!RTCWEB-AUDIO]], and [[!RTCWEB-TRANSPORT]].

A MediaStreamTrack sent to another peer will appear as one and only one MediaStreamTrack to the recipient. A peer is defined as a user agent that supports this specification. In addition, the sending side application can indicate what MediaStream object(s) the MediaStreamTrack is a member of. The corresponding MediaStream object(s) on the receiver side will be created (if not already present) and populated accordingly.

As also described earlier in this document, the objects RTCRtpSender and RTCRtpReceiver can be used by the application to get more fine grained control over the transmission and reception of MediaStreamTracks.

Channels are the smallest unit considered in the MediaStream specification. Channels are intended to be encoded together for transmission as, for instance, an RTP payload type. All of the channels that a codec needs to encode jointly MUST be in the same MediaStreamTrack and the codecs SHOULD be able to encode, or discard, all the channels in the track.

The concepts of an input and output to a given MediaStreamTrack apply in the case of MediaStreamTrack objects transmitted over the network as well. A MediaStreamTrack created by an RTCPeerConnection object (as described previously in this document) will take as input the data received from a remote peer. Similarly, a MediaStreamTrack from a local source, for instance a camera via [[!GETUSERMEDIA]], will have an output that represents what is transmitted to a remote peer if the object is used with an RTCPeerConnection object.

The concept of duplicating MediaStream and MediaStreamTrack objects as described in [[!GETUSERMEDIA]] is also applicable here. This feature can be used, for instance, in a video-conferencing scenario to display the local video from the user's camera and microphone in a local monitor, while only transmitting the audio to the remote peer (e.g. in response to the user using a "video mute" feature). Combining different MediaStreamTrack objects into new MediaStream objects is useful in certain situations.

In this document, we only specify aspects of the following objects that are relevant when used along with an RTCPeerConnection. Please refer to the original definitions of the objects in the [[!GETUSERMEDIA]] document for general information on using MediaStream and MediaStreamTrack.

MediaStream

id

The id attribute specified in MediaStream returns an id that is unique to this stream, so that streams can be recognized at the remote end of the RTCPeerConnection API.

When a MediaStream is created to represent a stream obtained from a remote peer, the id attribute is initialized from information provided by the remote source.

The id of a MediaStream object is unique to the source of the stream, but that does not mean it is not possible to end up with duplicates. For example, the tracks of a locally generated stream could be sent from one user agent to a remote peer using RTCPeerConnection and then sent back to the original user agent in the same manner, in which case the original user agent will have multiple streams with the same id (the locally-generated one and the one received from the remote peer).

MediaStreamTrack

A MediaStreamTrack object's reference to its MediaStream in the non-local media source case (an RTP source, as is the case for each MediaStreamTrack associated with an RTCRtpReceiver) is always strong.

Whenever an RTCRtpReceiver receives data on an RTP source whose corresponding MediaStreamTrack is muted, and the [[\Receptive]] slot of the RTCRtpTransceiver object the RTCRtpReceiver is a member of is true, it MUST queue a task to set the muted state of the corresponding MediaStreamTrack to false.

When one of the SSRCs for RTP source media streams received by an RTCRtpReceiver is removed either due to reception of a BYE or via timeout, it MUST queue a task to set the muted state of the corresponding MediaStreamTrack to true. Note that setRemoteDescription can also lead to the setting of the muted state of the track to the value true.

The procedures add a track, remove a track and set a track's muted state are specified in [[!GETUSERMEDIA]].

When a MediaStreamTrack track produced by an RTCRtpReceiver receiver has ended [[!GETUSERMEDIA]] (such as via a call to receiver.track.stop), the user agent MAY choose to free resources allocated for the incoming stream, by for instance turning off the decoder of receiver.

MediaTrackSupportedConstraints, MediaTrackCapabilities, MediaTrackConstraints and MediaTrackSettings

The basics of MediaTrackSupportedConstraints, MediaTrackCapabilites, MediaTrackConstraints and MediaTrackSettings is outlined in [[!GETUSERMEDIA]]. However, the MediaTrackSettings for a MediaStreamTrack sourced by an RTCPeerConnection will only be populated with members to the extent that data is supplied by means of the remote RTCSessionDescription applied via setRemoteDescription and the actual RTP data. This means that certain members, such as facingMode, echoCancellation, latency, deviceId and groupId, will always be missing.

Isolated Media Streams

A MediaStream acquired using getUserMedia() is, by default, accessible to an application. This means that the application is able to access the contents of tracks, modify their content, and send that media to any peer it chooses.

WebRTC supports calling scenarios where media is sent to a specifically identified peer, without the contents of media streams being accessible to applications. This is enabled by use of the peerIdentity parameter to getUserMedia().

An application willingly relinquishes access to media by including a peerIdentity parameter in the MediaStreamConstraints. This attribute is set to a DOMString containing the identity of a specific peer.

The MediaStreamConstraints dictionary is expanded to include the peerIdentity parameter.

partial dictionary MediaStreamConstraints {
             DOMString peerIdentity;
};

Dictionary MediaStreamConstraints Members

peerIdentity of type DOMString

If set, peerIdentity isolates media from the application. Media can only be sent to the identified peer.

A user that is prompted to provide consent for access to a camera or microphone can be shown the value of the peerIdentity parameter, so that they can be informed that the consent is more narrowly restricted.

When the peerIdentity option is supplied to getUserMedia(), all of the MediaStreamTracks in the resulting MediaStream are isolated so that content is not accessible to any application. Isolated MediaStreamTracks can be used for two purposes:

A MediaStreamTrack that is added to another MediaStream remains isolated. When an isolated MediaStreamTrack is added to a MediaStream with a different peerIdentity, the MediaStream gets a combination of isolation restrictions. A MediaStream containing MediaStreamTrack instances with mixed isolation properties can be displayed, but cannot be sent using RTCPeerConnection.

Any peerIdentity property MUST be retained on cloned copies of MediaStreamTracks.

Extended MediaStreamTrack Properties

MediaStreamTrack is expanded to include an isolated attribute and a corresponding event. This allows an application to quickly and easily determine whether a track is accessible.

partial interface MediaStreamTrack {
    readonly        attribute boolean      isolated;
                    attribute EventHandler onisolationchange;
};

Attributes

isolated of type boolean, readonly

A MediaStreamTrack is isolated (and the corresponding isolated attribute set to true) when content is inaccessible to the owning document. This occurs as a result of setting the peerIdentity option. A track is also isolated if it comes from a cross origin source.

onisolationchange of type EventHandler

This event handler, of type isolationchange, is fired when the value of the isolated attribute changes.

Isolated Streams and RTCPeerConnection

A MediaStreamTrack with a peerIdentity option set can be added to any RTCPeerConnection. However, the content of an isolated track MUST NOT be transmitted unless all of the following constraints are met:

  • A MediaStreamTrack from a stream acquired using the peerIdentity option can be transmitted if the RTCPeerConnection has successfully validated the identity of the peer AND that identity is the same identity that was used in the peerIdentity option associated with the track. That is, the name attribute of the peerIdentity attribute of the RTCPeerConnection instance MUST match the value of the peerIdentity option passed to getUserMedia().

    Rules for matching identity are described in [[!RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]].

  • The peer has indicated that it will respect the isolation properties of streams. That is, a DTLS connection with a promise to respect stream confidentiality, as defined in [[!RTCWEB-ALPN]] has been established.

Failing to meet these conditions means that no media can be sent for the affected MediaStreamTrack. Video MUST be replaced by black frames, audio MUST be replaced by silence, and equivalently information-free content MUST be provided for other media types.

Remotely sourced MediaStreamTracks MUST be isolated if they are received over a DTLS connection that has been negotiated with track isolation. This protects isolated media from the application in the receiving browser. These tracks MUST only be displayed to a user using the appropriate media element (e.g., <video> or <audio>).

Any MediaStreamTrack that has the peerIdentity option set causes all tracks sent using the same RTCPeerConnection to be isolated at the receiving peer. All DTLS connections created for an RTCPeerConnection with isolated local streams MUST be negotiated so that media remains isolated at the remote peer. This causes non-isolated media to become isolated at the receiving peer if any isolated tracks are added to the same RTCPeerConnection.

Tracks that are not bound to a particular peerIdentity do not cause other streams to be isolated, these tracks simply do not have their content transmitted.

If a stream becomes isolated after initially being accessible, or an isolated stream is added to an active session, then media for that stream is replaced by information-free content (e.g., black frames or silence).

Protection Afforded by Media Isolation

Media isolation ensures that the content of a MediaStreamTrack is not accessible to web applications. However, to ensure that media with a peerIdentity option set can be sent to peers, some meta-information about the media will be exposed to applications.

Applications will be able to observe the parameters of the media that affect session negotiation and conversion into RTP. This includes the codecs that might be supported by the track, the bitrate, the number of packets, and the current settings that are set on the MediaStreamTrack.

In particular, the statistics that RTCPeerConnection records are not reduced in capability. New statistics that might compromise isolation MUST be avoided, or explicitly suppressed for isolated streams.

Most of these data are exposed to the network when the media is transmitted. Only the settings for the MediaStreamTrack present a new source of information. This can includes the frame rate and resolution of video tracks, the bandwidth of audio tracks, and other information about the source, which would not otherwise be revealed to a network observer. Since settings don't change at a high frequency or in response to changes in media content, settings only reveal limited reveal information about the content of a track. However, any setting that might change dynamically in response to the content of an isolated MediaStreamTrack MUST have changes suppressed.

Examples and Call Flows

Simple Peer-to-peer Example

When two peers decide they are going to set up a connection to each other, they both go through these steps. The STUN/TURN server configuration describes a server they can use to get things like their public IP address or to set up NAT traversal. They also have to send data for the signaling channel to each other using the same out-of-band mechanism they used to establish that they were going to communicate in the first place.

const signaling = new SignalingChannel(); // handles JSON.stringify/parse
const constraints = {audio: true, video: true};
const configuration = {iceServers: [{urls: 'stuns:stun.example.org'}]};
const pc = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);

// send any ice candidates to the other peer
pc.onicecandidate = ({candidate}) => signaling.send({candidate});

// let the "negotiationneeded" event trigger offer generation
pc.onnegotiationneeded = async () => {
  try {
    await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createOffer());
    // send the offer to the other peer
    signaling.send({desc: pc.localDescription});
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
};

// once media for a remote track arrives, show it in the remote video element
pc.ontrack = (event) => {
  // don't set srcObject again if it is already set.
  if (remoteView.srcObject) return;
  remoteView.srcObject = event.streams[0];
};

// call start() to initiate
async function start() {
  try {
    // get a local stream, show it in a self-view and add it to be sent
    const stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia(constraints);
    stream.getTracks().forEach((track) => pc.addTrack(track, stream));
    selfView.srcObject = stream;
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
}

signaling.onmessage = async ({desc, candidate}) => {
  try {
    if (desc) {
      // if we get an offer, we need to reply with an answer
      if (desc.type == 'offer') {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
        const stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia(constraints);
        stream.getTracks().forEach((track) => pc.addTrack(track, stream));
        await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createAnswer());
        signaling.send({desc: pc.localDescription});
      } else if (desc.type == 'answer') {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
      } else {
        console.log('Unsupported SDP type. Your code may differ here.');
      }
    } else if (candidate) {
      await pc.addIceCandidate(candidate);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
};
        

Advanced Peer-to-peer Example with Warm-up

When two peers decide they are going to set up a connection to each other and want to have the ICE, DTLS, and media connections "warmed up" such that they are ready to send and receive media immediately, they both go through these steps.

const signaling = new SignalingChannel();
const configuration = {iceServers: [{urls: 'stuns:stun.example.org'}]};
const audio = null;
const audioSendTrack = null;
const video = null;
const videoSendTrack = null;
const started = false;
let pc;

// Call warmup() to warm-up ICE, DTLS, and media, but not send media yet.
async function warmup(isAnswerer) {
  pc = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);
  if (!isAnswerer) {
    audio = pc.addTransceiver('audio');
    video = pc.addTransceiver('video');
  }

  // send any ice candidates to the other peer
  pc.onicecandidate = (event) => {
    signaling.send(JSON.stringify({candidate: event.candidate}));
  };

  // let the "negotiationneeded" event trigger offer generation
  pc.onnegotiationneeded = async () => {
    try {
      await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createOffer());
      // send the offer to the other peer
      signaling.send(JSON.stringify({desc: pc.localDescription}));
    } catch (err) {
      console.error(err);
    }
  };

  // once media for the remote track arrives, show it in the remote video element
  pc.ontrack = async (event) => {
    try {
      if (event.track.kind == 'audio') {
        if (isAnswerer) {
          audio = event.transceiver;
          audio.direction = 'sendrecv';
          if (started && audioSendTrack) {
            await audio.sender.replaceTrack(audioSendTrack);
          }
        }
      } else if (event.track.kind == 'video') {
        if (isAnswerer) {
          video = event.transceiver;
          video.direction = 'sendrecv';
          if (started && videoSendTrack) {
            await video.sender.replaceTrack(videoSendTrack);
          }
        }
      }

      // don't set srcObject again if it is already set.
      if (remoteView.srcObject) return;
      remoteView.srcObject = event.streams[0];
    } catch (err) {
      console.error(err);
    }
  };

  try {
    // get a local stream, show it in a self-view and add it to be sent
    const stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({audio: true, video: true});
    selfView.srcObject = stream;
    audioSendTrack = stream.getAudioTracks()[0];
    if (started) {
      await audio.sender.replaceTrack(audioSendTrack);
    }
    videoSendTrack = stream.getVideoTracks()[0];
    if (started) {
      await video.sender.replaceTrack(videoSendTrack);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    console.erro(err);
  }
}

// Call start() to start sending media.
function start() {
  started = true;
  signaling.send(JSON.stringify({start: true}));
}

signaling.onmessage = async (event) => {
  if (!pc) warmup(true);

  try {
    const message = JSON.parse(event.data);
    if (message.desc) {
      const desc = message.desc;

      // if we get an offer, we need to reply with an answer
      if (desc.type == 'offer') {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
        await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createAnswer());
        signaling.send(JSON.stringify({desc: pc.localDescription}));
      } else {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
      }
    } else if (message.start) {
      started = true;
      if (audio && audioSendTrack) {
        await audio.sender.replaceTrack(audioSendTrack);
      }
      if (video && videoSendTrack) {
        await video.sender.replaceTrack(videoSendTrack);
      }
    } else {
      await pc.addIceCandidate(message.candidate);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
};
        

Peer-to-peer Example with media before signaling

The answerer may wish to send media in parallel with sending the answer, and the offerer may wish to render the media before the answer arrives.

const signaling = new SignalingChannel();
const configuration = {iceServers: [{urls: 'stuns:stun.example.org'}]};
let pc;

// call start() to initiate
async function start() {
  pc = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);

  // send any ice candidates to the other peer
  pc.onicecandidate = (event) => {
    signaling.send(JSON.stringify({candidate: event.candidate}));
  };

  // let the "negotiationneeded" event trigger offer generation
  pc.onnegotiationneeded = async () => {
    try {
      await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createOffer());
      // send the offer to the other peer
      signaling.send(JSON.stringify({desc: pc.localDescription}));
    } catch (err) {
      console.error(err);
    }
  };

  try {
    // get a local stream, show it in a self-view and add it to be sent
    const stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({audio: true, video: true});
    selfView.srcObject = stream;
    // Render the media even before ontrack fires.
    remoteView.srcObject = new MediaStream(pc.getReceivers().map((r) => r.track));
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
};

signaling.onmessage = async (event) => {
  if (!pc) start();

  try {
    const message = JSON.parse(event.data);
    if (message.desc) {
      const desc = message.desc;

      // if we get an offer, we need to reply with an answer
      if (desc.type == 'offer') {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
        await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createAnswer());
        signaling.send(JSON.stringify({desc: pc.localDescription}));
      } else {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
      }
    } else {
      await pc.addIceCandidate(message.candidate);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
};
        

Simulcast Example

A client wants to send multiple RTP encodings (simulcast) to a server.

const signaling = new SignalingChannel();
const configuration = {'iceServers': [{'urls': 'stuns:stun.example.org'}]};
let pc;

// call start() to initiate
async function start() {
  pc = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);

  // let the "negotiationneeded" event trigger offer generation
  pc.onnegotiationneeded = async () => {
    try {
      await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createOffer());
      // send the offer to the other peer
      signaling.send(JSON.stringify({desc: pc.localDescription}));
    } catch (err) {
      console.error(err);
    }
  };

  try {
    // get a local stream, show it in a self-view and add it to be sent
    const stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({audio: true, video: true});
    selfView.srcObject = stream;
    pc.addTransceiver(stream.getAudioTracks()[0], {direction: 'sendonly'});
    pc.addTransceiver(stream.getVideoTracks()[0], {
      direction: 'sendonly',
      sendEncodings: [
        {rid: 'f'},
        {rid: 'h', scaleResolutionDownBy: 2.0},
        {rid: 'q', scaleResolutionDownBy: 4.0}
      ]
    });
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
}

signaling.onmessage = async (event) => {
  try {
    const message = JSON.parse(event.data);
    if (message.desc) {
      await pc.setRemoteDescription(message.desc);
    } else {
      await pc.addIceCandidate(message.candidate);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
};
        

Peer-to-peer Data Example

This example shows how to create an RTCDataChannel object and perform the offer/answer exchange required to connect the channel to the other peer. The RTCDataChannel is used in the context of a simple chat application and listeners are attached to monitor when the channel is ready, messages are received and when the channel is closed.

const signaling = new SignalingChannel(); // handles JSON.stringify/parse
const configuration = {iceServers: [{urls: 'stuns:stun.example.org'}]};
let pc;
let channel;

// call start(true) to initiate
function start(isInitiator) {
  pc = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);

  // send any ice candidates to the other peer
  pc.onicecandidate = (candidate) => {
    signaling.send({candidate});
  };

  // let the "negotiationneeded" event trigger offer generation
  pc.onnegotiationneeded = async () => {
    try {
      await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createOffer());
      // send the offer to the other peer
      signaling.send({desc: pc.localDescription});
    } catch (err) {
      console.error(err);
    }
  };

  if (isInitiator) {
    // create data channel and setup chat
    channel = pc.createDataChannel('chat');
    setupChat();
  } else {
    // setup chat on incoming data channel
    pc.ondatachannel = (event) => {
      channel = event.channel;
      setupChat();
    };
  }
}

signaling.onmessage = async ({desc, candidate}) => {
  if (!pc) start(false);

  try {
    if (desc) {
      // if we get an offer, we need to reply with an answer
      if (desc.type == 'offer') {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
        await pc.setLocalDescription(await pc.createAnswer());
        signaling.send({desc: pc.localDescription});
      } else {
        await pc.setRemoteDescription(desc);
      }
    } else {
      await pc.addIceCandidate(candidate);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
  }
};

function setupChat() {
  // e.g. enable send button
  channel.onopen = () => enableChat(channel);
  channel.onmessage = (event) => showChatMessage(event.data);
}
        

Call Flow Browser to Browser

This shows an example of one possible call flow between two browsers. This does not show the procedure to get access to local media or every callback that gets fired but instead tries to reduce it down to only show the key events and messages.

A message sequence chart detailing a call flow between two browsers

DTMF Example

Examples assume that sender is an RTCRtpSender.

Sending the DTMF signal "1234" with 500 ms duration per tone:

if (sender.dtmf.canInsertDTMF) {
  const duration = 500;
  sender.dtmf.insertDTMF('1234', duration);
} else {
  console.log('DTMF function not available');
}
      

Send the DTMF signal "123" and abort after sending "2".

async function sendDTMF() {
  if (sender.dtmf.canInsertDTMF) {
    sender.dtmf.insertDTMF('123');
    await new Promise((r) => sender.dtmf.ontonechange = (e) => e.tone == '2' && r());
    // empty the buffer to not play any tone after "2"
    sender.dtmf.insertDTMF('');
  } else {
    console.log('DTMF function not available');
  }
}
      

Send the DTMF signal "1234", and light up the active key using lightKey(key) while the tone is playing (assuming that lightKey("") will darken all the keys):

const wait = (ms) => new Promise((resolve) => setTimeout(resolve, ms));

if (sender.dtmf.canInsertDTMF) {
  const duration = 500;
  sender.dtmf.insertDTMF(sender.dtmf.toneBuffer + '1234', duration);
  sender.dtmf.ontonechange = async (event) => {
    if (!event.tone) return;
    lightKey(event.tone); // light up the key when playout starts
    await wait(duration);
    lightKey(''); // turn off the light after tone duration
  };
} else {
  console.log('DTMF function not available');
}
      

It is always safe to append to the tone buffer. This example appends before any tone playout has started as well as during playout.

if (sender.dtmf.canInsertDTMF) {
  sender.dtmf.insertDTMF('123');
  // append more tones to the tone buffer before playout has begun
  sender.dtmf.insertDTMF(sender.dtmf.toneBuffer + '456');

  sender.dtmf.ontonechange = (event) => {
    if (event.tone == '1') {
      // append more tones when playout has begun
      sender.dtmf.insertDTMF(sender.dtmf.toneBuffer + '789');
    }
  };
} else {
  console.log('DTMF function not available');
}
      

Send a 1-second "1" tone followed by a 2-second "2" tone:

if (sender.dtmf.canInsertDTMF) {
  sender.dtmf.ontonechange = (event) => {
    if (event.tone == '1') {
      sender.dtmf.insertDTMF(sender.dtmf.toneBuffer + '2', 2000);
    }
  };
  sender.dtmf.insertDTMF(sender.dtmf.toneBuffer + '1', 1000);
} else {
  console.log('DTMF function not available');
}
      

Error Handling

This section and its subsections extend the list of Error subclasses defined in [[!ECMASCRIPT-6.0]] following the pattern for NativeError in section 19.5.6 of that specification. Assume the following:

ECMAScript 6 Terminology

The following terms used in this section are defined in [[!ECMASCRIPT-6.0]].

Term/Notation Section in [[!ECMASCRIPT-6.0]]
Type(X) 6
intrinsic object 6.1.7.4
[[\ErrorData]] 19.5.1
internal slot 6.1.7.2
NewTarget various uses, but no definition
active function object 8.3
OrdinaryCreateFromConstructor() 9.1.14
ReturnIfAbrupt() 6.2.2.4
Assert 5.2
String 4.3.17-19, depending on context
PropertyDescriptor 6.2.4
[[\Value]] 6.1.7.1
[[\Writable]] 6.1.7.1
[[\Enumerable]] 6.1.7.1
[[\Configurable]] 6.1.7.1
DefinePropertyOrThrow() 7.3.7
abrupt completion 6.2.2
ToString() 7.1.12
[[\Prototype]] 9.1
%Error% 19.5.1
Error 19.5
%ErrorPrototype% 19.5.3
Object.prototype.toString 19.1.3.6

RTCError Object

RTCError Constructor

The RTCError Constructor is the %RTCError% intrinsic object. When RTCError is called as a function rather than as a constructor, it creates and initializes a new RTCError object. A call of the object as a function is equivalent to calling it as a constructor with the same arguments. Thus the function call RTCError(...) is equivalent to the object creation expression new RTCError(...) with the same arguments.

The RTCError constructor is designed to be subclassable. It may be used as the value of an extends clause of a class definition. Subclass constructors that intend to inherit the specified RTCError behaviour must include a super call to the RTCError constructor to create and initialize the subclass instance with an [[\ErrorData]] internal slot.

RTCErrorDetailType Enum

enum RTCErrorDetailType {
              "data-channel-failure",
              "dtls-failure",
              "fingerprint-failure",
              "idp-bad-script-failure",
              "idp-execution-failure",
              "idp-load-failure",
              "idp-need-login",
              "idp-timeout",
              "idp-tls-failure",
              "idp-token-expired",
              "idp-token-invalid",
              "sctp-failure",
              "sdp-syntax-error",
              "hardware-encoder-not-available",
              "hardware-encoder-error"
          };
Enumeration description
data-channel-failure The data channel has failed.
dtls-failure The DTLS negotiation has failed or the connection has been terminated with a fatal error. The message contains information relating to the nature of error. If a fatal DTLS alert was received, the receivedAlert attribute is set to the value of the DTLS alert received. If a fatal DTLS alert was sent, the sentAlert attribute is set to the value of the DTLS alert sent.
fingerprint-failure The RTCDtlsTransport's remote certificate did not match any of the fingerprints provided in the SDP. If the remote peer cannot match the local certificate against the provided fingerprints, this error is not generated. Instead a "bad_certificate" (42) DTLS alert might be received from the remote peer, resulting in a "dtls-failure".
idp-bad-script-failure The script loaded from the identity provider is not valid JavaScript or did not implement the correct interfaces.
idp-execution-failure The identity provider has thrown an exception or returned a rejected promise.
idp-load-failure Loading of the IdP URI has failed. The httpRequestStatusCode attribute is set to the HTTP status code of the response.
idp-need-login The identity provider requires the user to login. The idpLoginUrl attribute is set to the URL that can be used to login.
idp-timeout The IdP timer has expired.
idp-tls-failure The TLS certificate used for the IdP HTTPS connection is not trusted.
idp-token-expired The IdP token has expired.
idp-token-invalid The IdP token is invalid.
sctp-failure The SCTP negotiation has failed or the connection has been terminated with a fatal error. The sctpCauseCode attribute is set to the SCTP cause code.
sdp-syntax-error The SDP syntax is not valid. The sdpLineNumber attribute is set to the line number in the SDP where the syntax error was detected.
hardware-encoder-not-available The hardware encoder resources required for the requested operation are not available.
hardware-encoder-error The hardware encoder does not support the provided parameters.

RTCError ( errorDetail, message )

When the RTCError function is called with arguments errorDetail and message the following steps are taken:

  1. If NewTarget is undefined, let newTarget be the active function object, else let newTarget be NewTarget.
  2. Let O be OrdinaryCreateFromConstructor(newTarget, "%RTCErrorPrototype%", «[[\ErrorData]]» ).
  3. ReturnIfAbrupt(O).
  4. If errorDetail is not undefined, then
    1. Let errorDetailDesc be the PropertyDescriptor{[[\Value]]: errorDetail, [[\Writable]]: false, [[\Enumerable]]: false, [[\Configurable]]: false}.
    2. Let cStatus be DefinePropertyOrThrow(O, "errorDetail", errorDetailDesc).
    3. Assert: eStatus is not an abrupt completion.
  5. If message is not undefined, then
    1. Let msg be ToString(message).
    2. Let msgDesc be the PropertyDescriptor{[[\Value]]: msg, [[\Writable]]: true, [[\Enumerable]]: false, [[\Configurable]]: true}.
    3. Let mStatus be DefinePropertyOrThrow(O, "message", msgDesc).
    4. Assert: mStatus is not an abrupt completion.
  6. Return O.

Properties of the RTCError Constructor

The value of the [[\Prototype]] internal slot of the RTCError constructor is the intrinsic object %Error%.

Besides the length property (whose value is 1), the RTCError constructor has the following properties:

RTCError.prototype

The initial value of RTCError.prototype is the RTCError prototype object. This property has the attributes { [[\Writable]]: false, [[\Enumerable]]: false, [[\Configurable]]: false }.

Properties of the RTCError Prototype Object

The RTCError prototype object is an ordinary object. It is not an Error instance and does not have an [[\ErrorData]] internal slot.

The value of the [[\Prototype]] internal slot of the RTCError prototype object is the intrinsic object %ErrorPrototype%.

RTCError.prototype.constructor

The initial value of the constructor property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is the intrinsic object %RTCError%.

RTCError.prototype.errorDetail

The initial value of the errorDetail property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is the empty String.

RTCError.prototype.sdpLineNumber

The initial value of the sdpLineNumber property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is 0.

RTCError.prototype.httpRequestStatusCode

The initial value of the httpRequestStatusCode property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is 0.

RTCError.prototype.sctpCauseCode

The initial value of the sctpCauseCode property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is 0.

RTCError.prototype.receivedAlert

An unsigned integer representing the value of the DTLS alert received. The initial value of the receivedAlert property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is null.

RTCError.prototype.sentAlert

An unsigned integer representing the value of the DTLS alert sent. The initial value of the sentAlert property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is null.

RTCError.prototype.message

The initial value of the message property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is the empty String.

RTCError.prototype.name

The initial value of the name property of the prototype for the RTCError constructor is "RTCError".

Properties of RTCError Instances

RTCError instances are ordinary objects that inherit properties from the RTCError prototype object and have an [[\ErrorData]] internal slot whose value is undefined. The only specified use of [[\ErrorData]] is by Object.prototype.toString ([[!ECMASCRIPT-6.0]], section 19.1.3.6) to identify instances of Error or its various subclasses.

The RTCErrorEvent interface is defined for cases when an RTCError is raised as an event:

[Exposed=Window,
 Constructor (DOMString type, RTCErrorEventInit eventInitDict)]
interface RTCErrorEvent : Event {
    readonly        attribute RTCError? error;
};

Constructors

RTCErrorEvent

Constructs a new RTCErrorEvent.

Attributes

error of type RTCError, readonly, nullable

The RTCError describing the error that triggered the event (if any).

dictionary RTCErrorEventInit : EventInit {
             RTCError? error = null;
};

Dictionary RTCErrorEventInit Members

error of type RTCError, nullable, defaulting to null

The RTCError describing the error associated with the event (if any)

Event summary

The following events fire on RTCDataChannel objects:

Event name Interface Fired when...
open Event The RTCDataChannel object's underlying data transport has been established (or re-established).
message MessageEvent [[!webmessaging]] A message was successfully received.
bufferedamountlow Event The RTCDataChannel object's bufferedAmount decreases from above its bufferedAmountLowThreshold to less than or equal to its bufferedAmountLowThreshold.
error RTCErrorEvent An error occurred on the data channel.
close Event The RTCDataChannel object's underlying data transport has been closed.

The following events fire on RTCPeerConnection objects:

Event name Interface Fired when...
track RTCTrackEvent New incoming media has been negotiated for a specific RTCRtpReceiver, and that receiver's track has been added to any associated remote MediaStreams.
negotiationneeded Event The browser wishes to inform the application that session negotiation needs to be done (i.e. a createOffer call followed by setLocalDescription).
signalingstatechange Event The signaling state has changed. This state change is the result of either setLocalDescription or setRemoteDescription being invoked.
iceconnectionstatechange Event The RTCPeerConnection's ICE connection state has changed.
icegatheringstatechange Event The RTCPeerConnection's ICE gathering state has changed.
icecandidate RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent A new RTCIceCandidate is made available to the script.
connectionstatechange Event The RTCPeerConnection connectionState has changed.
icecandidateerror RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEvent A failure occured when gathering ICE candidates.
datachannel RTCDataChannelEvent A new RTCDataChannel is dispatched to the script in response to the other peer creating a channel.
isolationchange Event A new Event is dispatched to the script when the isolated attribute on a MediaStreamTrack changes.
statsended RTCStatsEvent A new RTCStatsEvent is dispatched to the script in response to the end of a stats object's lifetime.

The following events fire on RTCDTMFSender objects:

Event name Interface Fired when...
tonechange RTCDTMFToneChangeEvent The RTCDTMFSender object has either just begun playout of a tone (returned as the tone attribute) or just ended the playout of tones in the toneBuffer (returned as an empty value in the tone attribute).

The following events fire on RTCIceTransport objects:

Event name Interface Fired when...
statechange Event The RTCIceTransport state changes.
gatheringstatechange Event The RTCIceTransport gathering state changes.
selectedcandidatepairchange Event The RTCIceTransport's selected candidate pair changes.

The following events fire on RTCDtlsTransport objects:

Event name Interface Fired when...
statechange Event The RTCDtlsTransport state changes.
error RTCErrorEvent An error occurred on the RTCDtlsTransport (either "dtls-error" or "fingerprint-failure").

The following events fire on RTCSctpTransport objects:

Event name Interface Fired when...
statechange Event The RTCSctpTransport state changes.

Privacy and Security Considerations

This section is non-normative; it specifies no new behaviour, but instead summarizes information already present in other parts of the specification. The overall security considerations of the general set of APIs and protocols used in WebRTC are described in [[RTCWEB-SECURITY-ARCH]].

Impact on same origin policy

This document extends the Web platform with the ability to set up real time, direct communication between browsers and other devices, including other browsers.

This means that data and media can be shared between applications running in different browsers, or between an application running in the same browser and something that is not a browser, something that is an extension to the usual barriers in the Web model against sending data between entities with different origins.

The WebRTC specification provides no user prompts or chrome indicators for communication; it assumes that once the Web page has been allowed to access media, it is free to share that media with other entities as it chooses. Peer-to-peer exchanges of data view WebRTC datachannels can thus occur without any user explicit consent or involvement, similarly as a server-mediated exchange (e.g. via Web Sockets) could occur without user involvement.

The peerIdentity mechanism loads and executes JavaScript code from a third-party server acting as an identity provider. That code is executed in a separate JavaScript realm and does not affect the protections afforded by the same origin policy.

Revealing IP addresses

Even without WebRTC, the Web server providing a Web application will know the public IP address to which the application is delivered. Setting up communications exposes additional information about the browser’s network context to the web application, and may include the set of (possibly private) IP addresses available to the browser for WebRTC use. Some of this information has to be passed to the corresponding party to enable the establishment of a communication session.

Revealing IP addresses can leak location and means of connection; this can be sensitive. Depending on the network environment, it can also increase the fingerprinting surface and create persistent cross-origin state that cannot easily be cleared by the user.

A connection will always reveal the IP addresses proposed for communication to the corresponding party. The application can limit this exposure by choosing not to use certain addresses using the settings exposed by the RTCIceTransportPolicy dictionary, and by using relays (for instance TURN servers) rather than direct connections between participants. One will normally assume that the IP address of TURN servers is not sensitive information. These choices can for instance be made by the application based on whether the user has indicated consent to start a media connection with the other party.

Mitigating the exposure of IP addresses to the application itself requires limiting the IP addresses that can be used, which will impact the ability to communicate on the most direct path between endpoints. Browsers are encouraged to provide appropriate controls for deciding which IP addresses are made available to applications, based on the security posture desired by the user. The choice of which addresses to expose is controlled by local policy (see [[RTCWEB-IP-HANDLING]] for details).

Impact on local network

Since the browser is an active platform executing in a trusted network environment (inside the firewall), it is important to limit the damage that the browser can do to other elements on the local network, and it is important to protect data from interception, manipulation and modification by untrusted participants.

Mitigations include:

These measures are specified in the relevant IETF documents.

Confidentiality of Communications

The fact that communication is taking place cannot be hidden from adversaries that can observe the network, so this has to be regarded as public information.

A mechanism, peerIdentity, is provided that gives Javascript the option of requesting media that the same javascript cannot access, but can only be sent to certain other entities.

Persistent information exposed by WebRTC

As described above, the list of IP addresses exposed by the WebRTC API can be used as a persistent cross-origin state.

Beyond IP addresses, the WebRTC API exposes information about the underlying media system via the RTCRtpSender.getCapabilities and RTCRtpReceiver.getCapabilities methods, including detailed and ordered information about the codecs that the system is able to produce and consume. A subset of that information is likely to be represented in the SDP session descriptions generated, exposed and transmitted during session negotiation. That information is in most cases persistent across time and origins, and increases the fingerprint surface of a given device.

If set, the configured default ICE servers exposed by getDefaultIceServers on RTCPeerConnection instances also provides persistent across time and origins information which increases the fingerprinting surface of a given browser.

When establishing DTLS connections, the WebRTC API can generate certificates that can be persisted by the application (e.g. in IndexedDB). These certificates are not shared across origins, and get cleared when persistent storage is cleared for the origin.

Change Log

This section will be removed before publication.

Changes since October 02, 2017

  1. [#1616] Add Duration, InterToneGap, ToneBuffer and CanInsertDTMF internal slots of RTCDTMFSender
  2. [#1614] createDataChannel: Update negotiation needed state on the main thread
  3. [#1553] Add API to expose what algorithms the browser supports
  4. [#1430] Have createOffer call addTransceiver() on offerToReceive
  5. [#1615] setParameters: Use more specific hardware encoder errors
  6. [#1621] RTCPeerConnection.close should close Data Channels and SctpTransports
  7. [#1538] IdP protocol can only contain characters legal in a URI
  8. [#1620] Add RTCSctpTransportState
  9. [#1634] Add onstatechange event to SctpTransport Event table
  10. [#1631] Explain the scope of DTLS/ICE transport objects in more detail
  11. [#1623] Describe how transport objects are assigned to senders/receivers
  12. [#1636] Simple text for scaling issue - no letterbox allowed
  13. [#1641] Note about video dimension adaptation discussion added

Changes since August 22, 2017

  1. [#1559] Reference rtcweb-data-channel for RTCPriorityType enum
  2. [#1557] Make fields in RTCStats dictionary required
  3. [#1556] Update mandatory to implement stats fields to sync with webrtc-stats
  4. [#1555] Fix reference to validating assertion result in requesting assertions
  5. [#1551] Clarify the meaning of session description sdp need not match
  6. [#1550] Validate binaryType value when setting it in RTCDataChannel
  7. [#1549] Allow createAnswer to be called only in valid signaling state
  8. [#1547] Wait for certificate to be generated before identity assertion process
  9. [#1544] Align stats example with WebRTC stast spec (s/outboundrtp/outbound-rtp)
  10. [#1539] Remove unnecessary type checking for selectorArg in getStats
  11. [#1536] Define vhen dtmf attribute is set
  12. [#1525] Update paragraph that introduces senders/receivers/transceivers
  13. [#1541] Specify getCapabilities behavior with an unsupported value of kind
  14. [#1487] Check for invalid rollback
  15. [#1522] Formalize how createOffer interacts with identity providers
  16. [#1558] Throw if a DataChannel, to be negotiated by the script, lacks id
  17. [#1552] Harmonize and update our references to other specifications
  18. [#1443] SLD/SRD: Check if transceiver is stopped before setting currentDirection
  19. [#1548] Add note that IdP must treat contents as opaque
  20. [#1561] Clarify which session description to check for if negotiation is needed
  21. [#1566] Add a section summarizing different ICE candidate events
  22. [#1580] Add ICE candidates only to the applicable descriptions.
  23. [#1572] Annotate all interfaces with Exposed extended attribute
  24. [#1571] Remove unreferenced [HTML] ref using respec post processing
  25. [#1596] Add Promise terms to Terminology section
  26. [#1595] Add note that null candidate is for legacy compatibility
  27. [#1592] Select sent codec via "codecPayloadType" field rather than reordering
  28. [#1591] Add some text about how the AssociatedMediaStreams internal slot is used
  29. [#1590] Use internal slots for transceiver's sender/receiver and receiver's track
  30. [#1585] Use internal slot for RTCRtpSender's track
  31. [#1604] Add 'resolved' (and variants) to Promise terminology
  32. [#1582] RTCIceTransport: Use internal slots
  33. [#1577] scaleResolutionDownBy: Specify how the User Agent should behave when scaling video
  34. [#1607] Update DTMF examples to match specified behavior
  35. [#1581] RTCDtlsTransport: Use internal slots
  36. [#1560] setParameters: Do argument checks in sync section and specify parellel steps

Changes since June 05, 2017

  1. [#1160] Remove getAlgorithm()
  2. [#1298] Specify DTMF intertone gap maximum
  3. [#1327] Remove fingerprint matching.
  4. [#1329] Update maxBitrate definition
  5. [#1337] Fix DTMF Examples (Section 11.7)
  6. [#1348] Add a note on the absence of privacy impact of configured default ICE
  7. [#1349] Show RFC2119 keywords in small-caps (was broken by respec update)
  8. [#1350] Remove meaningless case-sensitive qualification of RID characters
  9. [#1359] createOffer/Answer: Remove sentence with vague 'reasonably soon'
  10. [#1356] createDataChannel: Use TypeError for bad reliability arguments
  11. [#1340] Section 4.2.5/4.2.6: Enum Table Inconsistency
  12. [#1115] Specify DTLS failures in more detail
  13. [#1168] Remove paragraph about removeTrack causing track to be ended remotely
  14. [#1209] Throw error if data channel's buffer is filled, rather than closing
  15. [#1229] Add detailed steps for constructing RTCIceCandidate
  16. [#1321] Start integrating direction into 'create RTCRtpTransceiver' algorithm
  17. [#1333] Algorithm for rejecting modification
  18. [#1334] createOffer/Answer: Specify built-in certificate behavior
  19. [#1338] Clarification: insertDTMF replaces the current tone buffer
  20. [#1339] Fill in empty attribute descriptions in ice description
  21. [#1358] RTCDataChannel: Use internal slots and specify default values at one location
  22. [#1385] Update RTCTrackEvent text
  23. [#1388] Make replaceTrack accept null argument
  24. [#1373] Specify DTMF playout algorithm for comma
  25. [#1392] Add reference to RFC 5245
  26. [#1436] RTCRtpTransceiver: Set currentDirection to null when stopping
  27. [#1433] Add NotSupportedError for unknown ICE server schema
  28. [#1432] addTranscevier: Assume default dictionary argument
  29. [#1429] ice-tcp: add note about ice-tcp types a UA will gather
  30. [#1428] rtcsessiondescription: attributes are not mutable
  31. [#1426] getstats: improve selector definiton
  32. [#1421] Clarify enqueue is acted on specific connection's operation queue
  33. [#1409] Use true and false instead of "true" and "false"
  34. [#1405] Remove "cannot be applied at the media layer"
  35. [#1404] In data channel send(), remove unneeded conditions
  36. [#1455] Specify data channel label/protocol length restriction
  37. [#1453] Removing text talking about key shortening that was incorrect
  38. [#1440] Set CurrentDirection slot for provisional answers
  39. [#1399] Add reference to JSEP that setLocalDescription triggers ICE gathering
  40. [#1449] Replace serializers by toJSON definitions
  41. [#1451] Add legacy note about addStream
  42. [#1457] Run ice server configuration validation steps for each url
  43. [#1480] Update mandatory stats to reflect rtp refactor in webrtc-stats
  44. [#1402] Add/remove remote tracks from msid streams based on direction
  45. [#1514] Specify that setLocalDescription() with null sdp is not applicable
  46. [#1434] Don't proceed w/removeTrack() if sender.track is already null
  47. [#1531] Remove SSRCs from RTCRtpEncodingParameters
  48. [#1530] Adding defaults for RTCRtpEncodingParameters.active and priority
  49. [#1528] Ignore RTCDataChannelInit.id if "negotiated" is false
  50. [#1527] Define what an "associated" transceiver is
  51. [#1526] Clarify that ICE states should be "new" if there are no transports
  52. [#1524] Reference Direction internal slot from addTrack/removeTrack
  53. [#1523] Specify how data channel priority enum is initialized from priority integer
  54. [#1521] Making getParameters/setParameters matching logic more deterministic
  55. [#1534] Change ResourceInUse to OperationError

Changes since May 15, 2017

  1. [#1153] Constructor for RTCIceCandidate should accept optional argument
  2. [#1203] Invalid RTCRtpTransceiverDirection already throws TypeError.
  3. [#1221 Introduction: increase specification scope to general p2p
  4. [#1134] Add more detail about how getParameters and setParameters work
  5. [#1170] RTCIceCandidate: add component attribute
  6. [#1225] Units for maxFramerate
  7. [#1226] Removing WebIDL defaults for various RTP parameters
  8. [#1239] RTCIceConnectionEventInit: url is nullable
  9. [#1220] Reorder createOffer/createAnswer paragraphs
  10. [#1252] Remove note about identity is at risk
  11. [#1320] Clarify "trusted" origins as whitelisted

Changes since May 08, 2017

  1. [#1149] Add paragraph about RtpContributingSources being updated simultaneously
  2. [#1172] Adding note about legacy `createAnswer` not supporting options dict
  3. [#1175] Expanding RTCPeerConnection introduction
  4. [#1176] Adding more detail to RTCIceTransportPolicy enum descriptions
  5. [#1180] Change maxFramerate type from unsigned long to double

Changes since March 03, 2017

  1. [#1033] "Hybrid" OAuth solution
  2. [#1067] Mark getAlgorithm method at risk
  3. [#1069] Freeing resources for incoming stream
  4. [#1067] Add getStats() to RTCRtpSender/Receiver
  5. [#1081] Clarify which "candidate" is referred to in addIceCandidate description
  6. [#1071] Specify behavior if browser doesn't implement "negotiate" rtcpMuxPolicy
  7. [#1087] Update call flow in Section 11.6
  8. [#1088] Make "candidate" non-nullable in addIceCandidate parameter table
  9. [#1094] Check RTCPeerConnection isClosed slot before running queued tasks
  10. [#1082] Handling RTX in RTCRtpCodecCapabilities
  11. [#1100] Clarify when RTCRtpContributingSource.audioLevel can be null
  12. [#1097] Mark RTP/RTCP non-mux feature at risk
  13. [#1011] Eliminate NetworkError
  14. [#1109] Adding configurable "ptime" member of RTCRtpEncodingParameters
  15. [#1099] Always update the RTCRtpContributingSource for SSRCs
  16. [#1104] Add missing "closed" signaling state
  17. [#1107] Section 12.2.1.1: RTCErrorDetailType Enum definition
  18. [#1098] Attempt to update RTCRtpContributingSource objects at playout time
  19. [#1114] Mark Identity as a "feature at risk"
  20. [#1119] Making legacy methods optional to implement
  21. [#1122] RTCCertificate.getAlgorithm() to return a compatible AlgorithmIdentifier
  22. [#1130] Clarify that configuration.certificates remains undefined in the RTCPeerConnection constructor
  23. [#1131] RTCPeerConnection.createDataChannel: Drop [TreatNullAs=EmptyString] for USVString
  24. [#1129 Code examples: dont fiddle with srcObject if already set
  25. [#1136] Fire the "track" event from a queued task
  26. [#1137] Adding more detail about RTCDataChannel.id's default value (null)
  27. [#1139] Call RTCDtlsFingerprint a dictionary, not an object
  28. [#1140] Add a link to web-platform-tests to the top of the spec
  29. [#1133] Split getContributingSources into two methods, for CSRCs and SSRCs
  30. [#1145] FrozenArray, sequence and SameObject (Use sequence and getters instead of FrozenArray for getFingerPrints and getDefaultIceServers) (Use SameObject for RTCTrackEvent.streams)
  31. [#1147] Add reference to ICE restart

Changes since December 19, 2016

  1. [#985] Removed legacy getStats() method
  2. [#982] Specify unit for maxPacketLifeTime
  3. [#987] Make the ufrag optional in RTCIceCandidateInit, for backwards compat.
  4. [#993] Use lowercase values for RTCIceComponent
  5. [#994] Changing "non-null" to "missing" to match IDL terminology.
  6. [#996] Describe when an RTCSctpTransport is created/set to null.
  7. [#999] Make transceiver.stop() send a BYE
  8. [#1002] Dispatch event when a transceiver is stopped via remote action
  9. [#1003] Change setLocalDescription to require unchanged offer/answer string
  10. [#1004] Specify that currentRemoteDescription.sdp need not match remoteDescription.sdp
  11. [#1006] Make errorCode required in RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEventInit
  12. [#1005] Add offerToReceive* as legacy extensions
  13. [#1001] Specify the effect of a BYE on RtpReceiver.track
  14. [#1015] Fix inconsistencies in description of RTCDTMFToneChangeEvent.tone
  15. [#1016] Ensure that "track" event is only fired for "send" direction m-sections.
  16. [#1018] Mark negotitate in RTCRtcpMuxPolicy at risk
  17. [#1029] Add IdP token expired error
  18. [#1028] Add IdP invalid token error
  19. [#1027] Add string for extra info about idpErrors
  20. [#1019] Clarify that it is possible to send the same track in several copies
  21. [#1023] Specify how media is centered, cropped, and scaled
  22. [#1025] Mention that codecs can be reordered or removed but not modified.
  23. [#1038] Make RTCDataChannel.id nullable and describe when it's set.
  24. [#1036] Specify how transceivers get their mids in setLocal/RemoteDescription
  25. [#1037] Specify when random mid generation happens
  26. [#1039] Clarify which timestamp RTCStats.timestamp represents
  27. [#1041] Label 'Warm-up example' as 'advanced p2p example'
  28. [#1031] Don't fire events on a closed peer connection
  29. [#1045] Clarifying exactly what "sdpFmtpLine" represents
  30. [#1047] Adding "[EnforceRange]" to RTCDataChannelInit.id
  31. [#1054] Throw InvalidModificationError if changing pool size after setLocalDescription
  32. [#1055] Changing iceCandidatePoolSize to an octet and adding EnforceRange WebIDL extended attribute
  33. [#1057] Add clockrate, channels, sdpFmtpLine to codec capability
  34. [#1058] Define 'generation of ICE candidates' and add reference
  35. [#1059] Specify how remote tracks get muted
  36. [#1060] Specify when to end a remote track
  37. [#1061] Remove connecting event from Event summary
  38. [#1066] Specify relation between RtpSender and track
  39. [#1056] Switch to new, consistent terminology when talking about exceptions
  40. [#1030] Add stats selection algorithm based on sender or receiver of selector

Changes since November 23, 2016

  1. [#899] Make stats MTI, remove overlap with stats spec
  2. [#920] Remove ICE Agent text from RTCPeerConnection due to the new RTCICETransport objects.
  3. [#937] Define what happens when transceiver.stop() is called.
  4. [#938] Define what happens when setDirection() is called.
  5. [#939] Remove "stopped" from removeTrack() and immediately stop sender.
  6. [#940] Remove "stopped" from close, insertDTMF, and replaceTrack.
  7. [#944] Clarify that sender does not send if sender.track is set to null.
  8. [#949] Give legacy callbacks RTCSessionDescriptionInit so they can modify SDP.
  9. [#956] Add API for setting QoS priority of data channels.
  10. [#960] Allow replaceTrack(null)
  11. [#963] Split transceiver direction into "direction" and "currentDirection"
  12. [#966] setParameters rejects with InvalidStateError if transceiver.stopped is true.
  13. [#968] Add ufrag to IceCandidate and use IceCandidate for end-of-candidates.
  14. [#970] Clarify that setParameters cannot add or remove simulcast encodings.
  15. [#972, #973] Add generic Error Object that can hold detailed error information.
  16. [#936, #953, #967] Editorial: remove old in-spec issue text, update JSEP references, update hold examples, fix section titles

Changes since September 13, 2016

  1. [#738] Add ability to get fingerprints of an RTCCertificate
  2. [#783] Clarify supported DTMF characters
  3. [#785] Reject invalid DTMF characters when inserted
  4. [#786] If track is ended or muted, send silence for audio or black frame for video
  5. [#790] Add checks that verify that a candidate matches a remote media decription
  6. [#791] Add text that fires the 'connectionstatechange' event
  7. [#793] Define DTMF tone attribute and make it required
  8. [#796] Language cleanup around use of MediaTrackSettings
  9. [#797] Clarify when negotiation-needed flag is cleared
  10. [#804] Clarify that JSEP is normative in some cases; also numerous small editorial fixes
  11. [#805] Reduce insertDTMF max duration from 8000 ms to 6000 ms
  12. [#807] Clarify that empty string in DTMFToneChangeEvent indicates that the previous tones (plural) have completed.
  13. [#809] Clarify that InvalidStateError is thrown if insertDTMF is called on a stopped sender.
  14. [#815] Change IceConnectionState to match PeerConnection state in certain edge cases.
  15. [#833, #865, #884, #904] Editorial: update JSEP references
  16. [#835] Add definition link for NN and disallow SDP modification
  17. [#837] Have insertDTMF validate toneBuffer before returning.
  18. [#840] Remove reference to IANA registry for Statistics
  19. [#844] Throw InvalidAccessError if removeTrack is called with invalid sender
  20. [#847] Specify how to handle invalid data channel IDs, or lack of IDs.
  21. [#851] Editorial: Fix wording for insertDTMF
  22. [#852] Remove insertDTMF's duration and interToneGap attributes
  23. [#853] Make insertDTMF tone string normalization mandatory
  24. [#855] Clarify that insertDTMF's DTMFToneChangeEvent also requires toneBuffer to be empty in order to fire
  25. [#860] More clarification around when removeTrack should throw an exception, now considering rollback as well
  26. [#861] Clarify what setConfiguration changes
  27. [#864] Define channel member of RTCDataChannelEventInit and make it required
  28. [#871] Remove ability to modify RID via addTrack()
  29. [#872] Pass peer identity to IdP via new RTCIdentityProviderOptions
  30. [#875, #893] Major restructuring of createOffer and createAnswer to eliminate race conditions
  31. [#877] Store RTCConfiguration so getConfiguration can return it
  32. [#880, #896] Clean up definition of expires in certificates
  33. [#882] Split gathering state variables into two types, gathering and gatherer, and clean up descriptions of values for each
  34. [#883] Clarify that insertDTMF interToneGap is in milliseconds
  35. [#895] Add steps in "setting a description" for rolling back transceivers.
  36. [#900] Reject incoming tracks using transceiver.stop()
  37. [#913] Overhaul NN text while adjusting it to key off transceivers
  38. [#919] Remove incorrect statement related to IP leaking issue
  39. [#929] Have RTCSessionDescription's sdp member default to ""
  40. [#863, #870, #890, #892, #911, #912, #915, #926, #928, #935] Editorial: typos, links, dead text, WebIDL, Travis, etc.

Changes since July 22, 2016

  1. [#713] Missing destruction sequence for ICE Agent
  2. [#730] Revised WebRTC 1.0 RTCIceTransportState transition diagram
  3. [#722] How setDirection interacts with active/inactive sender/receivers
  4. [#716] Improve error handling for IdP proxy interactions
  5. [#719] The IdP environment can be spoofed
  6. [#733] Clarification on RTX in Codec Capabilities/Parameters
  7. [#734] RTCRtpEncodingParameters attribute to turn on/off sending CN/DTX
  8. [#737] Fix mistakes in examples
  9. [#739] Replace set of senders/receivers/transceivers with algorithms
  10. [#721] Specify the synchronous and queued steps for addIceCandidate
  11. [#759] Clarification on receipt of multiple RTP encodings
  12. [#758] Support replaceTrack with the previous track ended
  13. [#745] Add steps to createOffer and explicitly specify what is queued
  14. [#762] Remove closed check from addIceCandidate steps (covered by enqueue steps)
  15. [#750] RTCIdentityProviderGlobalScope needs Exposed attributes
  16. [#752] Add steps to createAnswer and explicitly specify what is queued
  17. [#756] Integrate queueing into the setLocal/RemoteDescription steps
  18. [#765] Adding more detail to the definition of the ICE `disconnected` state.
  19. [#778] Remove void conformance requirement on interToneGap
  20. [#779] Make duration and interToneGap attributes unsigned long

Changes since May 13, 2016

  1. [#640, #641, #659, #679, #680, #681, #682, #686, #694, #696, #697, #707, #708, #711] General editorial fixes
  2. [#642] Editorial: make last arg of addTransceiver optional
  3. [#643] Document defaultIceServers as source of fingerprinting
  4. [#646] Create table of RTCRtpEncodingParameters for RtpSender/RtpReceiver
  5. [#648] Clarify MIME (media/sub-) type
  6. [#649] Example of how to do hold
  7. [#662] Clarify effect of RTCRtpReceiver.track.stop()
  8. [#663] Define a 7XX STUN error code
  9. [#665] Clarify when setDirection() acts
  10. [#666] Clarify that transports can be null
  11. [#676] Transceiver.stop() causes negotiationneeded to be set
  12. [#677] Clean up rtcpTransport description
  13. [#701] In addTrack, mention that MSID of new track is added
  14. [#702, #704] Define algs for creating sender/receiver/transceiver, then use them in addTrack() and addTransceiver()
  15. [#725] Change 'process to apply candidate' to 'add the ICE candidate'

Changes since February 15, 2016

  1. [#475] Definition of Active for an RTCRtpReceiver
  2. [#500] Reserve and use RangeError for scaleResolutionDownBy < 1.0
  3. [#504] Add getParameters() method to RTCRtpReceiver
  4. [#509] RID unmodifiable in setParameters()
  5. [#510] Gather spec text about the ICE Agent at one place
  6. [#512] Use 'connection' as configuration target instead of User Agent
  7. [#505] Add activateReceiver method to RTCRtpTransceiver
  8. [#516] Support for DTMF tones A-D
  9. [#499] Certificate API: add getAlgorithm method
  10. [#507] Make the definition of addIceCandidate() more explicit
  11. [#525] Add STUN Error Code reference
  12. [#524] Add error codes reference (RTCPeerConnectionIceErrorEvent)
  13. [#522] Let setting ice candidate pool size trigger start of gathering
  14. [#519] Relation between local track and outgoing encoding
  15. [#520] Add text about 'remote sources' and how they are stopped
  16. [#527] Enable trickling of end-of-candidates through addIceCandidate
  17. [#544] Remove "public" from ice transport policy
  18. [#547] Datachannel label and protocol are USVString
  19. [#552] Never close the RTCPeerConnection if setting a local/remote description fails
  20. [#535] Update MID to be random values when not received in offer
  21. [#553] Move 'closed' state from RTCSignalingState to RTCPeerConnectionState
  22. [#557] Splitting apart RTCIceConnectionState and RTCIceTransportState
  23. [#560] Changing from callback interface to dictionary for RTCIdentityProvider
  24. [#574] Make RTCSessionDescription readonly, and createOffer return dictionary
  25. [#577] Make RtpSender.track nullable
  26. [#587] Defining how track settings are set for remote tracks
  27. [#603] Add closed state and same state checks to update ice connection/gathering state steps
  28. [#604] ReplaceTrack: Use sender's transceiver to determine if a 'simple track swap' is enough
  29. [#606] RTCIceCandidate: Use nullable members in init dictionary to describe constructor behavior
  30. [#466] Use an enum to describe directionality of RTP Stream
  31. [#602] addTransceiver(): Throw a TypeError on a bogus track kind
  32. [#610] Server cannot be reached - Issues with IPv6
  33. [#611] Clarify ICE consent freshness feedback
  34. [#618] Fix RTCPeerConnection legacy overloads
  35. [#620] RTCRtpTransceiver: add setDirection and readonly direction attribute
  36. [#625] Unifiy DTMF time with rtcweb WG
  37. [#630] Add ICE candidate type references
  38. [#635] pc.addTrack: Add kind check when reusing a sender and skip early returns
  39. [#636] replaceTrack: Use 'transceiver kind' instead of track.kind (track may be null)

Changes since January 26, 2016

  1. [#485] Update SOTD as the document is now quite stable and the group is looking for wide review
  2. [#468, #335] Replace DOMError with DOMException
  3. [#472, #319] Update error reports to align with existing DOM Errors
  4. [#491, #479] Specify error when rejecting invalid SDP changes
  5. [#462] Add PeerConnection.activateSender() and update early media example
  6. [#434] Change setParameters call to be Async

Changes since December 22, 2015

  1. [#179, #439] Document IP address leakage in RTCIceCandidate
  2. [#439] Complete security considerations based on security questionnaire and IP address discussions #439
  3. [#446] Non-nullable RTCTrackEvent args means Init dict members are required
  4. [#449] Clarify flow of SDP exchanges (Update simple p2p example)
  5. [#451] Clean up event handler attribute descriptions
  6. [#452, #438] Make replaceTrack() handle "not sending yet" case
  7. [#454] Add contributing source voice activity flag
  8. [#455, #439] Add references to parsing stun/turn URLs section
  9. [#456, #338] SDP changes between the createOffer and setLocalDescription (add JSEP reference)
  10. [#459] Add non-normative ICE state transitions
  11. [#460, #461] getRemoteCertificates() behavior in "new" and "connecting" states
  12. [#465, #140] Use ErrorEvent as interface for events emitted by RTCDataChannel.onerror
  13. [#469, #382, #373] Reject changes to peerIdentity and certificates in setConfiguration
  14. [#474, #406] Define RTCIceTransport.component when RTP/RTCP mux is in use

Changes since November 23, 2015

  1. [#353] Plan X: Add an API for using RID to do simulcast
  2. [#365] Adding an accessor for the browser-configured ICE servers
  3. [#398] Make RtpTransceiver.mid nullable and remove RtpSender.mid and RtpReceiver.mid
  4. [#402, #391] Remove requirement about DTMF tones A-D
  5. [#403, #377] Use positive values for AudioLevel
  6. [#401, #267] Add bitrate definition
  7. [#404] Remove 'Events on MediaStream' section (duplicates new text in Media Capture spec)
  8. [#410, #328] Make RTCBundlePolicy Enum section normative
  9. [#411, #408] Clarify component for IceTransport when RTP/RTCP mux is used
  10. [#414] Define ReSpec processor for cross-reference to JSEP
  11. [#418] Make degradationPreference per-sender instead of per-encoding
  12. [#416] RTCRtpSender.replaceTrack() fixes (e.g. handle closed RTCPeerConnection)
  13. [#421] Require sdp in RTCSessionDescription{,Init}
  14. [#422] Remove confusing paragraph on fourth party interception
  15. [#423] Add specific references to JSEP where possible
  16. [#428] Don't create a default stream in 'dispatch a receiver' steps
  17. [#429] Adding expires attribute to generateCertificate
  18. [#430] Add maxFramerate knob for simulcast
  19. [#432] Update RTCIceTransportPolicy
  20. [#433] Use unsigned long ssrc in stats
  21. [#424] Editorial: Distinguish states from their attribute representation

Changes since October 6, 2015

  1. [#325] Adding additional members to RTCIceCandidate dictionary
  2. [#327] Adding sha-256 to the certificate management options for RSA
  3. [#342] Using DOMTimestamp for RTCCertificate::expires
  4. [#293] Add RTCRtpTransceiver and PeerConnection.addMedia
  5. [#366, #343] Use RTCDegradationPreference
  6. [#374] Throw on too long label/protocol in createDataChannel()
  7. [#266] Tidy up setLocal/RemoteDescription processing model
  8. [#361] Adding setCodecPreferences to RTCRtpTransceiver
  9. [#371] Add RtcpMuxPolicy
  10. [#385, #312] Don't invoke public API in legacy function section
  11. [#394, #393] don't throw on empty iceServers list

Changes since September 22, 2015

  1. [#289, #153] Add way to set size of ICE candidate pool
  2. [#256] Fix prose on getStats() wo/selector + move type check to sync section
  3. [#242] Remove SyntaxError on malformed ICE candidate
  4. [#284] Add icecandidateerror event for indicating ICE gathering errors
  5. [#298] Add support for codec reordering and removal in RtpParameters
  6. [#311] Fixing syntax for required RTCCertificate arguments
  7. [#280] Add extra IceTransport read-only attributes and methods
  8. [#291] Add PeerConnection.connectionState
  9. [#300, #4, #6, #276] Add API to get SSRC and audio levels
  10. [#301] Fix RTCStatsReport with object and maplike instead of getter
  11. [#302] (Partly) removing interface use for RTCSessionDescription and RTCIceCandidate
  12. [#314, #299] Update the operations queue to handle promises and closed signalling
  13. [#273] Add a bunch of fields to RtpParameters and RtpEncodingParameters

Changes since June 11, 2015

  1. [#234] Add RTCRtpParameters, RTCRtpSender.getParameters, and RTCRtpSender.setParameters
  2. [#225] Support for pending and current SDP
  3. [#229] Removing the weird optionality from RTCSessionDescription and its constructor.
  4. [#235] Modernize getStats() with promises
  5. [#243] Mark candidate property of RTCIceCandidateInit required
  6. [#248] Fix error handling for certificate management
  7. [#259] Change type of RtpEncodingParameters.priority to an enum
  8. [#21, #262] Sort out 2119 MUSTs and SHOULDs
  9. [#268] Add RtpEncodingParameters.maxBitrate
  10. [#241] Add RtpSender.transport, RtpReceiver.transport, RTCDtlsTransport, RTCIceTransport, etc
  11. [#224, #261] Sort out when responding PeerConnection reaches iceConnetionState completed
  12. [#303] Replace track without renegotiation
  13. [#269] Add RTCRtpSender.getCapabilities and RTCRtpReceiver.getCapabilities

Changes since March 6, 2015

  1. [PR #167] Removed RTCPeerConnection.createDTMFSender and added RTCRtpSender.dtmf, along with corresponding examples.
  2. [PR #184] RTCPeerConnection will NOT connect unless identity is verified.
  3. [PR #27] Documenting practice with candidate events
  4. [PR #203] Rewrote mitigations text for security considerations section
  5. [PR #192] Added support for auth tokens. Fixes #190
  6. [PR #207] Update ice config examples to use multiple urls and *s schemes
  7. [PR #210] Optional RTCConfiguration in RTCPC constructor
  8. [PR #171] Add RTCAnswerOptions (with common RTCOfferAnswerOptions dictionary)
  9. [PR #178] Identity provider interface redesign
  10. [PR #193] Add .mid property to sender/receiver. Fixes #191
  11. [PR #218] Enqueue addIceCandidate
  12. [PR #213 (1)] Rename updateIce() to setConfiguration()
  13. [PR #213 (2)] Make RTCPeerConnection.setConfiguration() replace the existing configuration
  14. [PR #214] Certificate management API (Bug 21880)
  15. [PR #220] Clarify muted state (proposed fix for issue #139)
  16. [PR #221] Define when RTCRtpReceivers are created and dispatced (issue #198)
  17. [PR #215] Adding expires attribute to certificate management
  18. [PR #233] Add a "bufferedamountlow" event

Changes since December 5, 2014

  1. Properly define the negotiationneeded event, and its interactions with other API calls.
  2. Add support for RTCRtpSender and RTCRtpReceiver.
  3. Update misleading local/RemoteDescription attribute text.
  4. Add RTCBundlePolicy.
  5. All callback-based methods have been moved to a legacy section, and replaced by same-named overloads using Promises instead.
  6. [PR #194] Added first version of Security Considerations (more work needed)
  7. Updated identity provider structure.

Changes since June 4, 2014

  1. Bug 25724: Allow garbage collection of closed PeerConnections
  2. Bug 27214: Add onicegatheringstatechange event
  3. Bug 26644: Fixing end of candidates event

Changes since April 10, 2014

  1. Bug 25774: Mixed isolation

Changes since April 10, 2014

  1. Bug 25855: Clarification about conformance requirements phrased as algorithms
  2. Bug 25892: SignalingStateChange event should be fired only if there is a change in signaling state.
  3. Bug 25152: createObjectURL used in examples is no longer supported by Media Capture and Streams.
  4. Bug 25976: DTMFSender.insertDTMF steps should validate the values of duration and interToneGap.
  5. Bug 25189: Mandatory errorCallback is missing in examples for getStats.
  6. Bug 25840: Creating DataChannel with same label.
  7. Updated comment above example ice state transitions (discussed in Bug 25257).
  8. Updated insertDTMF() algorithm to ignore unrecognized characters (as discussed in bug 25977).
  9. Made formatting of references to ice connection state consistent.
  10. Made insertDTMF() throw on unrecognized characters (used to ignore).
  11. Removed requestIdentity from RTCConfiguration and RTCOfferAnswerOptions. Removed RTCOfferAnswerOptions as a result.
  12. Adding isolated property and associated event to MediaStreamTrack.

Changes since March 21, 2014

  1. Changes to identity-related text:
    • Removed noaccess constraint
    • Add the ability to peerIdentity constrain RTCPeerConnection, which limits communication to a single peer
    • Change the way that the browser communicates with IdP to a message channel (http://www.w3.org/TR/webmessaging/#message-channels)
    • Improved error feedback from IdP interactions (added new events with more detailed context)
    • Changed the way that an IdP is able to request user login (LOGINNEEDED message)
  2. Bug 25155: maxRetransmitTime is not the name of the SCTP concept it points to.

Changes since January 27, 2014

  1. Refined identity assertion generation and validation.
  2. Default DTMF gap changed from 50 to 70 ms.
  3. Bug 24875: Examples in the WebRTC spec are not updated As per the modified API.

Changes since August 30, 2013

  1. Make RTCPeerConnection close method be idempotent.
  2. Clarified ICE server configuration could contain URI types other than STUN and TURN.
  3. Changed the DTMF timing values.
  4. Allow offerToReceiveAudio/video indicate number of streams to offer.
  5. ACTION-98: Added text about clamping of maxRetransmitTime and maxRetransmits.
  6. ACTION-88: Removed nullable types from dictionaries (added attribute default values for attributes that would be left uninitialized without the init dictionary present.
  7. InvalidMediaStreamTrackError changed to InvalidParameter.
  8. Fire NetworkError when the data transport is closed with an error.
  9. Add an exception for data channel with trying to use existing code.
  10. Change maxRetransmits to be an unsigned type.
  11. Clarify state changes when ICE restarts.
  12. Added InvalidStateError exception for operations on an RTCPeerConnection that is closed.
  13. Major changes to Identity Proxy section.
  14. (ACTION: 95) Moved IceTransports (constraint) to RTCConfiguration dictionary.
  15. (ACTION: 95) Introduced RTCOfferAnswerOptions and RTCOfferOptions dictionaries.
  16. (ACTION: 95) Removed constraints argument from addStream() (and removed IANA Constraints section).
  17. Added validation of the RTCConfiguration dictionary argument(s).
  18. Added getConfiguration() on RTCPeerConnection.

Changes since June 3, 2013

  1. Removed synchronous section left-overs.
  2. RTCIceServer now accepts multiple URLs.
  3. Redefined the meaning of negotiated for DataChannel.
  4. Made iceServers a sequence (instead of an Array).
  5. Updated error reporting (to use DOMError and camel cased names).
  6. Added success and failure callbacks to addIceCandidate().
  7. Made local/remoteDescription attributes nullable.
  8. Added username member to RTCIceServer dictionary.

Changes since March 22, 2013

  1. Added IceRestart constraint.
  2. Big updates on DataChannel API to use new channel setup procedures.

Changes since Feb 22, 2013

  1. Example review: Updated DTMF and Stats examples. Added text about when to fire "negotiationneeded" event to align with examples.
  2. Updated RTCPeerConnection state machine. Added a shared processing model for setLocalDescription()/setRemoteDescription().
  3. Updated simple callflow to match the current API.

Changes since Jan 16, 2013

  1. Initial import of Statistics API to version 2.
  2. Integration of Statistics API version 2.5 started.
  3. Updated Statistics API to match Boston/list discussions.
  4. Extracted API extensions introduced by features, such as the P2P Data API, from the RTCPeerConnection API.
  5. Updated DTMF algorithm to dispatch an event when insertDTMF() is called with an empty string to cancel future tones.
  6. Updated DTMF algorithm to not cancel and reschedule if a playout task is running (only update toneBuffer and other values).

Changes since Dec 12, 2012

  1. Changed AudioMediaStreamTrack to RTCDTMFSender and gave it its own section. Updated text to reflect most recent agreements. Also added examples section.
  2. Replaced the localStreams and remoteStreams attributes with functions returning sequences of MediaStream objects.
  3. Added spec text for attributes and methods adopted from the WebSocket interface.
  4. Changed the state ENUMs and transition diagrams.
  5. Aligned the data channel processing model a bit more with WebSockets (mainly closing the underlying transport).

Changes since Nov 13, 2012

  1. Made some clarifications as to how operation queuing works, and fixed a few errors with the error handling description.
  2. Introduced new representation of tracks in a stream (removed MediaStreamTrackList). Added algorithm for creating a track to represent an incoming network media component.
  3. Renamed MediaStream.label to MediaStream.id (the definition needs some more work).

Changes since Nov 03, 2012

  1. Added text describing the queuing mechanism for RTCPeerConnection.
  2. Updated simple P2P example to include all mandatory (error) callbacks.
  3. Updated P2P data example to include all mandatory (error) callbacks. Also added some missing RTC prefixes.

Changes since Oct 19, 2012

  1. Clarified how createOffer() and createAnswer() use their callbacks.
  2. Made all failure callbacks mandatory.
  3. Added error object types, general error handling principles, and rules for when errors should be thrown.

Changes since Sept 23, 2012

  1. Restructured the document layout and created separate sections for features like Peer-to-peer Data API, Statistics and Identity.

Changes since Aug 16, 2012

  1. Replaced stringifier with serializer on RTCSessionDescription and RTCIceCandidate (used when JSON.stringify() is called).
  2. Removed offer and createProvisionalAnswer arguments from the createAnswer() method.
  3. Removed restart argument from the updateIce() method.
  4. Made RTCDataChannel an EventTarget
  5. Updated simple RTCPeerConnection example to match spec changes.
  6. Added section about RTCDataChannel garbage collection.
  7. Added stuff for identity proxy.
  8. Added stuff for stats.
  9. Added stuff peer and ice state reporting.
  10. Minor changes to sequence diagrams.
  11. Added a more complete RTCDataChannel example
  12. Various fixes from Dan's Idp API review.
  13. Patched the Stats API.

Changes since Aug 13, 2012

  1. Made the RTCSessionDescription and RTCIceCandidate constructors take dictionaries instead of a strings. Also added detailed stringifier algorithm.
  2. Went through the list of issues (issue numbers are only valid with HEAD at fcda53c460). Closed (fixed/wontfix): 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24. Converted to notes: 4, 12. Updated: 9.
  3. Incorporate changes proposed by Li Li.
  4. Use an enum for DataChannelState and fix IDLs where using an optional argument also requires all previous optional arguments to have a default value.

Changes since Jul 20, 2012

  1. Added RTC Prefix to names (including the notes below).
  2. Moved to new definition of configuration and ice servers object.
  3. Added correlating lines to candidate structure.
  4. Converted setLocalDescription and setRemoteDescription to be asynchronous.
  5. Added call flows.

Changes since Jul 13, 2012

  1. Removed peer attribute from RTCPeerConnectionIceEvent (duplicates functionality of Event.target attribute).
  2. Removed RTCIceCandidateCallback (no longer used).
  3. Removed RTCPeerConnectionEvent (we use a simple event instead).
  4. Removed RTCSdpType argument from setLocalDescription() and setRemoteDescription(). Updated simple example to match.

Changes since May 28, 2012

  1. Changed names to use RTC Prefix.
  2. Changed the data structure used to pass in STUN and TURN servers in configuration.
  3. Updated simple RTCPeerConnection example (RTCPeerConnection constructor arguments; use icecandidate event).
  4. Initial import of new Data API.
  5. Removed some left-overs from the old Data Stream API.
  6. Renamed "underlying data channel" to "underlying data transport". Fixed closing procedures. Fixed some typos.

Changes since April 27, 2012

  1. Major rewrite of RTCPeerConnection section to line up with IETF JSEP draft.
  2. Added simple RTCPeerConnection example. Initial update of RTCSessionDescription and RTCIceCandidate to support serialization and construction.

Changes since 21 April 2012

  1. Moved MediaStream and related definitions to getUserMedia.
  2. Removed section "Obtaining local multimedia content".
  3. Updated getUserMedia() calls in examples (changes in Media Capture TF spec).
  4. Introduced MediaStreamTrackList interface with support for adding and removing tracks.
  5. Updated the algorithm that is run when RTCPeerConnection receives a stream (create new stream when negotiated instead of when data arrives).

Changes since 12 January 2012

  1. Clarified the relation of Stream, Track, and Channel.

Changes since 17 October 2011

  1. Tweak the introduction text and add a reference to the IETF RTCWEB group.
  2. Changed the first argument to getUserMedia to be an object.
  3. Added a MediaStreamHints object as a second argument to RTCPeerConnection.addStream.
  4. Added AudioMediaStreamTrack class and DTMF interface.

Changes since 23 August 2011

  1. Separated the SDP and ICE Agent into separate agents and added explicit state attributes for each.
  2. Removed the send method from PeerConenction and associated callback function.
  3. Modified MediaStream() constructor to take a list of MediaStreamTrack objects instead of a MediaStream. Removed text about MediaStream parent and child relationship.
  4. Added abstract.
  5. Moved a few paragraphs from the MediaStreamTrack.label section to the MediaStream.label section (where they belong).
  6. Split MediaStream.tracks into MediaStream.audioTracks and MediaStream.videoTracks.
  7. Removed a sentence that implied that track access is limited to LocalMediaStream.
  8. Updated a few getUserMedia()-examples to use MediaStreamOptions.
  9. Replaced calls to URL.getObjectURL() with URL.createObjectURL() in example code.
  10. Fixed some broken getUserMedia() links.
  11. Introduced state handling on MediaStreamTrack (removed state handling from MediaStream).
  12. Reintroduced onended on MediaStream to simplify checking if all tracks are ended.
  13. Aligned the MediaStreamTrack ended event dispatching behavior with that of MediaStream.
  14. Updated the LocalMediaStream.stop() algorithm to implicitly use the end track algorithm.
  15. Replaced an occurrence the term finished track with ended track (to align with rest of spec).
  16. Moved (and extended) the explanation about track references and media sources from LocalMediaStream to MediaStreamTrack.

Acknowledgements

The editors wish to thank the Working Group chairs and Team Contact, Harald Alvestrand, Stefan Håkansson, Erik Lagerway and Dominique Hazaël-Massieux, for their support. Substantial text in this specification was provided by many people including Martin Thomson, Harald Alvestrand, Justin Uberti, Eric Rescorla, Peter Thatcher, Jan-Ivar Bruaroey and Peter Saint-Andre. Dan Burnett would like to acknowledge the significant support received from Voxeo and Aspect during the development of this specification.

The RTCRtpSender and RTCRtpReceiver objects were initially described in the W3C ORTC CG, and have been adapted for use in this specification.