Dynamics (U+E520–U+E54F)

Glyph Description Glyph Description
U+E520 (and U+1D18F)
dynamicPiano
Piano
U+E521 (and U+1D190)
dynamicMezzo
Mezzo
U+E522 (and U+1D191)
dynamicForte
Forte
U+E523 (and U+1D18C)
dynamicRinforzando
Rinforzando
U+E524 (and U+1D18D)
dynamicSforzando
Sforzando
U+E525 (and U+1D18E)
dynamicZ
Z
U+E526
dynamicNiente
Niente
U+E527
dynamicPPPPPP
pppppp
U+E528
dynamicPPPPP
ppppp
U+E529
dynamicPPPP
pppp
U+E52A
dynamicPPP
ppp
U+E52B
dynamicPP
pp
U+E52C
dynamicMP
mp
U+E52D
dynamicMF
mf
U+E52E
dynamicPF
pf
U+E52F
dynamicFF
ff
U+E530
dynamicFFF
fff
U+E531
dynamicFFFF
ffff
U+E532
dynamicFFFFF
fffff
U+E533
dynamicFFFFFF
ffffff
U+E534
dynamicFortePiano
Forte-piano
U+E535
dynamicForzando
Forzando
U+E536
dynamicSforzando1
Sforzando 1
U+E537
dynamicSforzandoPiano
Sforzando-piano
U+E538
dynamicSforzandoPianissimo
Sforzando-pianissimo
U+E539
dynamicSforzato
Sforzato
U+E53A
dynamicSforzatoPiano
Sforzato-piano
U+E53B
dynamicSforzatoFF
Sforzatissimo
U+E53C
dynamicRinforzando1
Rinforzando 1
U+E53D
dynamicRinforzando2
Rinforzando 2
U+E53E (and U+1D192)
dynamicCrescendoHairpin
Crescendo
U+E53F (and U+1D193)
dynamicDiminuendoHairpin
Diminuendo
U+E540
dynamicMessaDiVoce
Messa di voce
U+E541
dynamicNienteForHairpin
Niente (for hairpins)
U+E542
dynamicHairpinParenthesisLeft
Left parenthesis (for hairpins)
U+E543
dynamicHairpinParenthesisRight
Right parenthesis (for hairpins)
U+E544
dynamicHairpinBracketLeft
Left bracket (for hairpins)
U+E545
dynamicHairpinBracketRight
Right bracket (for hairpins)
U+E546
dynamicCombinedSeparatorColon
Colon separator for combined dynamics
U+E547
dynamicCombinedSeparatorHyphen
Hyphen separator for combined dynamics
U+E548
dynamicCombinedSeparatorSpace
Space separator for combined dynamics
   
Glyph Description Glyph Description
uniE520.ss01
dynamicPianoSmall
Piano (small staff)
uniE521.ss01
dynamicMezzoSmall
Mezzo (small staff)
uniE522.ss01
dynamicForteSmall
Forte (small staff)
uniE523.ss01
dynamicRinforzandoSmall
Rinforzando (small staff)
uniE524.ss01
dynamicSforzandoSmall
Sforzando (small staff)
uniE525.ss01
dynamicZSmall
Z (small staff)
uniE526.ss01
dynamicNienteSmall
Niente (small staff)
   

Implementation notes

Scoring applications should draw crescendo and diminuendo hairpins using primitives rather than dynamicCrescendoHairpin and dynamicDiminuendoHairpin in order to provide variable width, line thickness, angle and aperture.

Ligatures should be defined for common combinations of dynamics, such as . Special attention should be paid to kerning pairs for these glyphs.

Scoring applications may choose to draw dynamics either using multiple glyphs (e.g. 3 x dynamicForte for ) or using the pre-composed glyph (e.g. 1 x **dynamicFFF** for ).