Presenting repeated components in the same relative order each time they appear

Important Information about Techniques

See Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria for important information about the usage of these informative techniques and how they relate to the normative WCAG 2.2 success criteria. The Applicability section explains the scope of the technique, and the presence of techniques for a specific technology does not imply that the technology can be used in all situations to create content that meets WCAG 2.2.


Any technologies.

This technique relates to Success Criterion 3.2.3: Consistent Navigation (Sufficient).


The objective of this technique is to make content easier to use by making the placement of repeated components more predictable. This technique helps maintain consistent layout or presentation between Web pages by presenting components that are repeated in these Web units in the same relative order each time they appear. Other components can be inserted between them, but their relative order is not changed.

This technique also applies to navigational components that are repeated. Web pages often contain a navigation menu or other navigational component that allows the user to jump to other Web pages. This technique makes the placement of navigational components more predictable by presenting the links or programmatic references inside a navigational component in the same relative order each time the navigational component is repeated. Other links can be removed or inserted between the existing ones, for example to allow navigation inside a subsection of a set of Web pages, but the relative order is not changed.




  1. List components that are repeated on each Web page in a set of Web pages (for example, on each page in a Web site).
  2. For each component, check that it appears in the same relative order with regard to other repeated components on each Web page where it appears.
  3. For each navigational component, check that the links or programmatic references are always in the same relative order.

Expected Results

  • #2 is true.
  • #3 is true.