Understanding Success Criterion 2.4.8: Location

Success Criterion 2.4.8 Location (Level AAA): Information about the user's location within a set of Web pages is available.


The intent of this Success Criterion is to provide a way for the user to orient herself within a set of Web pages, a Web site, or a Web application and find related information.



Related Resources

Resources are for information purposes only, no endorsement implied.


Each numbered item in this section represents a technique or combination of techniques that the WCAG Working Group deems sufficient for meeting this Success Criterion. However, it is not necessary to use these particular techniques. For information on using other techniques, see Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria, particularly the "Other Techniques" section.

Sufficient Techniques

  1. Providing a breadcrumb trail
  2. Providing a Site Map
  3. Indicating current location within navigation bars
  4. Identifying a Web page's relationship to a larger collection of Web pages using one of the following techniques:

Advisory Techniques

Although not required for conformance, the following additional techniques should be considered in order to make content more accessible. Not all techniques can be used or would be effective in all situations.

  • PDF14
  • PDF17
  • Providing a link to the home page or main page (future link)
  • Providing an easy-to-read version of information about the organization of a set of Web pages (future link)
  • Providing a sign language version of information about the organization of a set of Web pages (future link)
  • Providing an easy-to-read summary at the beginning of each section of content (future link)


The following are common mistakes that are considered failures of this Success Criterion by the WCAG Working Group.

Key Terms