4. The elements of HTML
4.1. The document element
- Contexts in which this element can be used:
- As the document’s document element.
- Wherever a subdocument fragment is allowed in a compound document.
- Content model:
headelement followed by a
- Tag omission in text/html:
htmlelement’s start tag can be omitted if the first thing inside the
htmlelement is not a comment.
htmlelement’s end tag can be omitted if the
htmlelement is not immediately followed by a comment.
- Content attributes:
- Global attributes.
manifest— Application cache manifest.
- Allowed ARIA role attribute values:
- Allowed ARIA state and property attributes:
- DOM interface:
html element represents the root of an HTML document.
Authors are encouraged to specify a
lang attribute on the root
html element, giving
the document’s language. This aids speech synthesis tools to determine what pronunciations to use,
translation tools to determine what rules to use, and so forth.
manifest attribute gives the address of the
document’s application cache manifest, if there is one. If the attribute is present,
the attribute’s value must be a valid non-empty URL potentially surrounded by spaces.
The manifest-based application cache feature is in the process of being removed from the Web platform. (This is a long process that takes many years.) Using the application cache feature at this time is highly discouraged. Use service workers instead. [SERVICE-WORKERS]
manifest attribute only has an effect during the early stages of document load.
Changing the attribute dynamically thus has no effect (and thus, no DOM API is provided for this
For the purposes of application cache selection, later
cannot affect the parsing of URLs in
manifest attributes, as the
attributes are processed before those elements are seen.
window.applicationCache IDL attribute provides scripted
access to the offline application cache mechanism.
It is recommended to keep the usage of attributes and their values defined on the
html element to a minimum to allow for proper detection of the character encoding declaration within the first 1024 bytes.
htmlelement in the following example declares that the document’s language is English.
<!DOCTYPE html> < html lang = "en" > < head > < title >Swapping Songs </ title > </ head > < body > < h1 >Swapping Songs </ h1 > < p >Tonight I swapped some of the songs I wrote with some friends, who gave me some of the songs they wrote. I love sharing my music. </ p > </ body > </ html >