DRAFT Smart Cities Interest Group Charter
The mission of the Smart Cities Interest Group is
- to identify and document use cases and requirements that W3C specifications need to meet to support Smart City services,
- to obtain feedback from all stakeholders on the usage of Web technologies for Smart Cities,
- to gather expert input on important features for Smart Cities based on the Web technology, and
- to provide a forum for technical and business discussions related to Smart Cities.
|Start date||[dd monthname 2020] (date of the "Call for Participation", when the charter is approved)|
|End date||[dd monthname 2022] (two year duration)|
|Charter extension||See Change History.|
|Chairs||Goal: 2-3 co-chairs|
|Team Contacts||Kazuyuki Ashimura (0.2 FTE)|
Teleconferences: Regular weekly calls will be held.
Face-to-face: we will meet during the W3C's annual Technical Plenary week; additional face-to-face meetings may be scheduled by consent of the participants, usually no more than 3 per year.
Workshop: A workshop with an open CFP and invited speakers may be organized to provide further feedback and input and the guide the group's agenda.
Standards are essential for Smart City technology and business development. Standards benefit vendors, cities, and users. For vendors, standards unify markets and mean that a larger market can be addressed with a single product design, allowing products to more efficiently make returns on the investments needed to develop them. For cities, standards allow the deployment of technologies that can be sourced from multiple vendors, more and higher quality products, and increases the probability that systems will remain usable over a longer timescale. Standards also encourage the development of open systems that can interoperate with other standardized systems, multiplying the number of use cases that can be addressed. For users, standardized technologies mean that services available in one city will also be available in others, facilitating mobility.
However, we need to know what standards should be developed to achieve these objectives. What gaps exist? What opportunities can be exposed by standards that enable new use cases? What are the business drivers that encourage adoption of standards, and how can standard development be aligned with these drivers? Given a set of standards that could be developed, what are the priorities? How can the needs and goals of all stakeholders be aligned?
The purpose of this Interest Group is collect and connect Smart City stakeholders to answer these kinds of questions and drive the development of web technology standards aligned with the real needs of Smart Cities.
The topics that the Interest Group will address include but are not limited to:
- Transportation, both public and private;
- Logistics, including last-mile delivery of goods and services;
- Infrastructure, including IoT-based sensing and actuation;
- Signage, addressing the problem of timely delivery of information to a diverse population;
- Open data portals, including network APIs to data services and the development of app ecosystems;
- Data management, facilitating the rapid ingestion, storage, and dissemination of data
- Edge and cloud computing, allowing computation to be efficiently applied when and where needed;
- Payments, to allow services to be monetized, encouraging new business development and cost recovery;
- Privacy, to preserve the rights of citizens and other stakeholders;
- Security, to preserve the integrity and safety of systems and protect users;
- Accessibility, to incorporate design-for-all thinking throughout all aspects of smart city infrastructure, and ensure accessibility for people with disabilities in every activity and at every stage of life;
- Internationalization, to support diverse populations and tourism.
The tasks that the Interest Group will undertake include:
- Identification of Smart City use cases to which web technologies are applicable;
- Identification and prioritization of gaps in web standards for Smart City use cases;
- Identification of requirements to provide better support for high priority Smart City use cases, possibly through the creation of Task Forces;
- Incubation of technical solutions for the identified requirements by supporting the creation of Community Groups or Business Groups focusing on particular topics;
- Suggesting existing Working Groups to include particular topics in their scope as appropriate;
- Suggesting the creation of new Working Groups to address particular topics if no existing Working Group is appropriate;
- Tracking and review of Smart City-related deliverables developed by other W3C groups, and reporting of issues as appropriate;
- Coordination with other organizations to gather knowledge, coordinate input into W3C efforts, and promote development and use of W3C standards within Smart City applications;
- Ensuring issues of accessibility, device independence, internationalization, performance, privacy, and security are given equal consideration in all discussions and outcomes.
Out of Scope
The technical development of standards is not in scope for the Interest Group. Technical discussions are expected to take place within a new or existing W3C Working Groups, or within a Community Group or Business Group when incubation is needed.
The primary deliverables of the Smart Cities Interest Group will be IG Notes that identify requirements for existing and/or new technical specifications and gaps. The group will also maintain public documentation of W3C Recommendations, standards, and technologies applicable to Smart City use cases that it is tracking and investigating. This documentation will include identified gaps, stable standards deployed in implementations, descriptions of proof-of-concept projects, and standards under development in W3C and external groups.
The Interest Group will not deliver any normative specifications.
Other non-normative documents may be created such as:
- Use case and requirement documents;
- Primer or Best Practice documents to support Smart City stakeholders.
Put here a timeline view of all deliverables.
- Month YYYY: First teleconference
- Month YYYY: First face-to-face meeting
- Month YYYY: Requirements and Use Cases for FooML
- Month YYYY: FPWD for FooML
- Month YYYY: Requirements and Use Cases for BarML
- Month YYYY: FPWD FooML Primer
The Interest Group will have succeeded if it can achieve the following:
- Participation via mailing list subscription and postings from people representing various stakeholder communities, including equipment vendors, governments, regulators, hardware and software developers, users, and citizens.
- Members of the Interest Group starting or joining relevant Working Groups and driving the development of work items for W3C Recommendations.
- Members of the Interest Group starting or joining relavant Interest, Community, or Business Groups and contributing to the creation of W3C Notes.
- Constructive feedback on W3C deliverables posted for review on the
Smart Cities IG mailing list.
Note: link is a placeholder, may change, and is currently not active.
- Engagement and coordination with other organizations to promote alignment with and adherence to W3C standards.
To achieve this, the Interest Group will organize regular conference calls to update members on progress of work items, and to invite other groups and organizations to present their work to Interest Group participants.
For all deliverables, this Interest Group will seek horizontal review for accessibility, internationalization, performance, privacy, and security with the relevant Working and Interest Groups, and with the TAG. The Interest Group is encouraged to engage collaboratively with the horizontal review groups throughout development of each deliverable.
Additional technical coordination with the following W3C Groups will be made, per the W3C Process Document:
- Use cases:
- Agriculture CG
- definition of use cases
- Web of Things (WoT) IG/WG/CG
- internet of things, discovery, edge computing)
- Media and Entertainment IG
- signage, video links
- Web and Networks IG
- edge computing, network metadata
- Publishing BG / Publishing CG / EPUB 3 WG / Publishing WG
- documentation, public communications, multimedia
- Automotive WG
- v2v comms, geolocation
- Spatial Data on the Web IG
- Decentralized Identifiers WG / Verifiable Credentials WG / Credentials CG
- identifiers, signing, credentials, authentications
- Dataset Exchange WG
- (geolocation, semantics, data modelling)
- Immersive Web WG
- VR, AR
- GPU for the Web WG
- ML, DL, edge computing
- Big Data CG
- data management, data modelling
- Web Authentication WG
- security, credentials
- Service Workers WG
- edge computing
- Devices and Sensors WG
- JSON-LD WG / JSON for Linking Data CG
- data modelling, semantics
- Web Payments WG/Web Payment Security IG
- Web Real-Time Communications WG
- video and data streams
- Web Assembly WG
- edge computing)
- Accessible Infographics CG
- data visualization)
- Coordination on communication protocols, data modelling, discovery, and security standards.
- Coordination on standards for telecommunication technologies and the use cases they enable.
- Discussion of smart city use cases and deployments in South-East Asia.
- Open Geospatial Consortium:
- Coordinated standards for geolocation and geographic information systems.
To be successful, this Interest Group is expected to have 6 or more active participants for its duration. The chairs and editors are expected to contribute half of a working day per week towards the Interest Group. There is no minimum requirement for other Participants.
The group encourages questions, comments and issues on its public mailing lists and document repositories, as described in Communication.
The group also welcomes non-Members to contribute technical submissions for consideration upon their agreement to the terms of the W3C Patent Policy.
Participants in the group are required (by the W3C Process) to follow the W3C Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct.
Technical discussions for this Interest Group are conducted in public: the meeting minutes from teleconference and face-to-face meetings will be archived for public review, and technical discussions and issue tracking will be conducted in a manner that can be both read and written to by the general public. Working Drafts and Editor's Drafts of deliverables will be developed on a public repository and may permit direct public contribution requests. The meetings themselves are not open to public participation, however.
Information about the group (including details about deliverables, issues, actions, status, participants, and meetings) will be available from the Smart Cities Interest Group home page.
Most Smart City Interest Group teleconferences will focus on discussion of particular deliverables, and will be conducted on an as-needed basis.
This group primarily conducts its technical work on GitHub issues. The public is invited to review, discuss and contribute to this work.
The group may use a Member-confidential mailing list for administrative purposes and, at the discretion of the Chairs and members of the group, for member-only discussions in special cases when a participant requests such a discussion.
This group will seek to make decisions through consensus and due process, per the W3C Process Document (section 3.3). Typically, an editor or other participant makes an initial proposal, which is then refined in discussion with members of the group and other reviewers, and consensus emerges with little formal voting being required.
However, if a decision is necessary for timely progress and consensus is not achieved after careful consideration of the range of views presented, the Chairs may call for a group vote and record a decision along with any objections.
To afford asynchronous decisions and organizational deliberation, any resolution (including publication decisions) taken in a face-to-face meeting or teleconference will be considered provisional. A call for consensus (CfC) will be issued for all resolutions (for example, via email, GitHub issue or web-based survey), with a response period from one week to 10 working days, depending on the chair's evaluation of the group consensus on the issue. If no objections are raised by the end of the response period, the resolution will be considered to have consensus as a resolution of the Interest Group.
All decisions made by the group should be considered resolved unless and until new information becomes available or unless reopened at the discretion of the Chairs or the Director.
This charter is written in accordance with the W3C Process Document (Section 3.4, Votes) and includes no voting procedures beyond what the Process Document requires.
The Interest Group provides an opportunity to share perspectives on the topic addressed by this charter. W3C reminds Interest Group participants of their obligation to comply with patent disclosure obligations as set out in Section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy. While the Interest Group does not produce Recommendation-track documents, when Interest Group participants review Recommendation-track specifications from Working Groups, the patent disclosure obligations do apply. For more information about disclosure obligations for this group, please see the W3C Patent Policy Implementation.
This Interest Group will use the W3C Document license for all its deliverables.
About this Charter
This charter has been created according to section 5.2 of the Process Document. In the event of a conflict between this document or the provisions of any charter and the W3C Process, the W3C Process shall take precedence.
Note:Display this table and update it when appropriate. Requirements for charter extension history are documented in the Charter Guidebook (section 4).
The following table lists details of all changes from the initial charter, per the W3C Process Document (section 5.2.3):
|Charter Period||Start Date||End Date||Changes|
|Initial Charter||[dd monthname yyyy]||[dd monthname yyyy]||none|
|Charter Extension||[dd monthname yyyy]||[dd monthname yyyy]||none|
|Rechartered||[dd monthname yyyy]||[dd monthname yyyy]||
[description of change to charter, with link to new deliverable item in charter] Note: use the class